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Britain and the war

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Britain and the war

  1. 1. Britain and WW2 <ul><li>The Opening Phase </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of Dunkirk </li></ul><ul><li>North Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of the Atlantic </li></ul><ul><li>The Tide Turns </li></ul><ul><li>Advance into Germany </li></ul><ul><li>War in the Far East </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Opening Phase – Part One <ul><li>Poland Invaded – Britain and France declare war on Germany (3 Sept. 1939) </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘Phoney War’ </li></ul><ul><li>Germany invades Demark and Norway – April 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>Chamberlain resigns – replaced by Churchill </li></ul><ul><li>Blitzkrieg was launched against Holland, Belgium and France on 10 May 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>Swift victory as the Germans swept across northern France </li></ul><ul><li>Only Dunkirk remained in Allied hands </li></ul><ul><li>British Navy evacuates over 338,000 troops from Dunkirk </li></ul>
  3. 3. Importance of Dunkirk <ul><li>Over one third of a million troops were rescued to fight again </li></ul><ul><li>I t was used for propaganda purposes to boost morale with the 'Dunkirk spirit' </li></ul><ul><li>British lost arms and equipment so it was impossible for Britain to help France. </li></ul><ul><li>4. The Germans swept southward and captured Paris and France surrendered on 22 June. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Unoccupied France was allowed its own government under Pétain – Vichy France </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Opening Phase – Part Two <ul><li>Battle of Britain - Goering's Luftwaffe tried to destroy the RAF before invasion of Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>The Germans bombed harbours, radar stations, aerodromes, munitions factories </li></ul><ul><li>In September they began to bomb London – the Blitz - crucial moment. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Radar and Better planes </li></ul><ul><li>The first major turning point of the war </li></ul><ul><li>German advance checked – Britain remains fighting </li></ul><ul><li>Germany now faced with a war on two fronts (Russia) </li></ul>
  5. 5. North Africa <ul><li>Italy invades Egypt from Libya in Sept. 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>British drive Italians back and take most of Libya </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler sends Rommel and the Afrika Korps to assist the Italians </li></ul><ul><li>Germany invades Greece in order to split British forces </li></ul><ul><li>Major tank battles take place </li></ul><ul><li>British defeat the Germans at El Alamein and begin to push the Germans back to Tunisia </li></ul>
  6. 6. Battle of the Atlantic <ul><li>British Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>- 1. To protect merchant ships bringing food supplies </li></ul><ul><li>- 2. Sink German submarines and ships </li></ul><ul><li>- 3. Blockading Germany </li></ul><ul><li>- 4. Transporting and supplying Allied troops fighting in North Africa and later in Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>Initially U-Boats inflict heavy losses on Allied shipping </li></ul><ul><li>British tactics improved and the tide turned – use of Air Force important </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Tide Turns <ul><li>USA enters the war Dec 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>Germany struggling in Russia by the end of 1942 – defeat at Stalingrad </li></ul><ul><li>British and Americans invade Italy in July 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>D-Day 6 June 1944 – Invasion of Normandy </li></ul><ul><li>Major engineering feat – Mulberrys and Pluto </li></ul><ul><li>Paris liberated on 25 August </li></ul><ul><li>Belgium in September. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Advance into Germany <ul><li>Significant German resistance </li></ul><ul><li>British defeated at Arnhem (Operation Market Garden) in Holland </li></ul><ul><li>Germans launch counter-offensive – Battle of the Bulge – Germans suffer heavy defeat </li></ul><ul><li>Germany invaded from East and West in early 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Carpet Bombing of German cities – 50,000 die in Dresden in one night in February 1945 </li></ul>
  9. 9. War in the Far East <ul><li>Japanese initially drive British out of parts of their Asian colonies – Hong Kong, Malaya and Burma </li></ul><ul><li>As in Europe – the Japanese were pushed back as the Americans and British gained upper hand – Battle of Midway etc </li></ul><ul><li>Major Japanese resistance on Pacific islands </li></ul><ul><li>Dropping of Atom Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki causes massive death toll </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Presentation prepared by: </li></ul><ul><li>Dominic Haugh </li></ul><ul><li>St. Particks Comprehensive School </li></ul><ul><li>Shannon </li></ul><ul><li>Co. Clare </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation can be used for educational purposes only – all rights remain with author </li></ul>

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