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Texas and The Mexican American War

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Texas and The Mexican American War

  1. 1. Texas & The Mexican American War ~ Texas becomes a state ~ The US and Mexico go to war
  2. 2. Texas After Mexico won independence from Spain in 1821, many Americans began settling in the Texas territory.
  3. 3. Texas By the middle of the 1830s, many American settlers were unhappy with some of the policies of the Mexican government, including the prohibition of slavery. So the Americans began a revolt in 1835 and declared independence in 1836.
  4. 4. Texas Texas remained independent for about nine years , then in 1845 it became a state in the United States.
  5. 5. Mexican American War The Mexican–American War, was fought between the United States and Mexico from 1846 to 1848. The war was fought over the issue of where the border between Texas and Mexico should be, with each side wanting a border that gave it more land.
  6. 6. The Mexican American War The majority of fighting took place in central and southern Mexico and in what is now the state of New Mexico. In almost all of the battles, the American troops defeated the Mexicans. When the United States troops took control of Mexico’s capital, Mexico City, the fighting ended.
  7. 7. The Mexican American War The two sides signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo to end the war. Through this treaty Mexico gave the United States most of the land that is now California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico, as well as parts of Texas and Colorado. In exchange the United States paid Mexico $15 million and took over debts that Mexico owed to American citizens.
  8. 8. The Mexican American War This war is significant because of the large amount of land that the United States gained from it, as well as the fact that the Mexicans who lived in that territory legally became American citizens. This new territory soon became a source of conflict, however, as Congress debated whether to allow slavery there.