ADVANTAGES IN ASYNCHRONOUSLEARNING Typically self-paced (set your own schedule) Can be used with synchronous tools to provide more learning style adaption (video and chat feature for instructor to answer questions). More time spend discussing the content of the course. Students tend to stay on track.
ADVANTAGES IN SYNCHRONOUSLEARNING Real-time. More social interaction between instructors and learners. Convenience for all interested and capable for E- learning International diversity in creating teams plus collaborative learning Cultural open opportunities for career minded individuals seeking employers international Coffee shop log in wherever and whenever Increased student motivation; can get instructors attention immediately
DISADVANTAGES IN ASYNCHRONOUSLEARNING Relies primarily on technology to deliver instruction. Response time from instructor not immediate. Instructor not able to immediately see the level of engagement from each student making course correction hard for instructor.
DISADVANTAGES IN SYNCHRONOUSLEARNING Coordinating real time instruction with various time zones. Distance barriers plus not understanding students with language barriers. Self-discipline a student must be able to set time management in order to be sufficient in working the required expectations for the course. Computer illiterate an individual whom lacks the tools to utilize a computer. Technical issues having the knowledge to understand the issue at hand/Internet reliable Access to software or tool is unavailable such as non- smartphone capabilities or lack of app support. Expensive equipment required to participate fully.
DIFFERENCES IN ASYNCHRONOUSFACILITATION STRATEGIES Supports cognitive learning, critical thinking and written communication Collaboration is easier when the lesson is static. Learners can still participate at according to his or her schedule Student collaboration rather than instructor driven
DIFFERENCES IN SYNCHRONOUSFACILITATION STRATEGIES Instructors manage a live classroom where immediate feedback is required. Webinar Skype Individual/full forums-discussion organizing Instant messaging-back to back feedback Live chat both immediate communication Video conference actually viewing your audience Emails constant communication Whiteboards/Smart boards-creative minds, demonstrating and visually seeing your ideas come to light for that visual and on hands learner.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FACILITATORSAND LEARNERS (ASYNCHRONOUS) Responses to questions are not immediate; allowing time to process information and provide more thought out responses. Updates can be provided easily as current events influence the subject. Facilitators need to engage the student without seeing their face; students need to be self-motivated to complete readings and assignments.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FACILITATORSAND LEARNERS (SYNCHRONOUS) Facilitators are giving their undivided attention to the class. Students are part of a learning group Updates are real-time and affect the fluidity of discussion and collaboration Facilitator can course correct on the spot when students do not understand material. Students are able to participate in real-time with their classmates
REFERENCES Hrastinski, S. (2008). Asynchronous and synchronous e-learning. Retrieved from http://www.educause.edu/EDUCAUSE+Quarterly/EDUCAUSE QuarterlyMagazineVolum/AsynchronousandSynchronousELea/16 3445Hutchins, H. M. (2003). Instructional immediacy and the seven principles: strategies for facilitating online courses. Retrieved from http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/fall63/hutchins63.htmlLeverage the Latest Technologies, including Web 2.0 Tools, in Your Classroom?. International Journal Of Technology In Teaching & Learning, 6(1), 1-13. http://radar.oreilly.com/2010/10/dancing-out-of-time- thoughts-o.html
REFERENCESMinocha, S., & Roberts, D. (2008). Social, usability, and pedagogical factors influencing students’ learning experiences with wikis and blogs. Pragmatics & Cognition, 16(2), 272-306. doi:10.1075/p&c.16.2.05min Hrastinski, S. (2008). Asynchronous and synchronous e- learning. Retrieved fromhttp://www.educause.edu/EDUCAUSE+Quarterly/EDUCAUSEQuarterlyMaVolum/AsynchronousandSynchronousELea/163445 Consulting what is synchronous.htmlhttp://www.e-learningconsulting.com Dancing out of time: Thoughts on asynchronous communicationWhy asynchronous communication scales, and what we can do with that power.by Terry Jones | @terrycojones | Comments: 6 | 26 October 2010