Ecology quiz review

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Ecology quiz review

  1. 1. Ecology Review Questions
  2. 2. Multiple Choice <ul><li>The natural world that surrounds an organism is called the organism’s: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a. energy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>b. environment </li></ul><ul><li>c. lodgings </li></ul><ul><li>d. nutrients </li></ul>
  3. 3. Multiple Choice <ul><li>The study of how living things interact is called: </li></ul><ul><li>a. ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>b. abiotic factors </li></ul><ul><li>c. ecology </li></ul><ul><li>d. the energy pyramid </li></ul>
  4. 4. Multiple Choice <ul><li>The source of energy for almost all life on Earth is: </li></ul><ul><li>a. fungi </li></ul><ul><li>b. animals </li></ul><ul><li>c. water </li></ul><ul><li>d. sunlight </li></ul>
  5. 5. Multiple Choice <ul><li>An example of a biotic factor in a forest ecosystem is: </li></ul><ul><li>a. waterfall </li></ul><ul><li>b. cliff </li></ul><ul><li>c. a tree </li></ul><ul><li>d. a rock </li></ul>
  6. 6. Multiple Choice <ul><li>An ecosystem is made up of: </li></ul><ul><li>a. living things only </li></ul><ul><li>b. physical environment only </li></ul><ul><li>c. living things and the physical environment </li></ul><ul><li>d. living things and decaying matter </li></ul>
  7. 7. Multiple Choice <ul><li>In an energy pyramid, the bottom level represents: </li></ul><ul><li>a. consumers </li></ul><ul><li>b. producers </li></ul><ul><li>c. scavengers </li></ul><ul><li>d. decomposers </li></ul>
  8. 8. Multiple Choice <ul><li>An example of a consumer in a pond ecosystem is: </li></ul><ul><li>a. a water lily </li></ul><ul><li>b. algae </li></ul><ul><li>c. a reed </li></ul><ul><li>d. a frog </li></ul>
  9. 9. Multiple Choice <ul><li>Which of these food chains is in the correct order? </li></ul><ul><li>a. caterpillar, cattail, frog, water snake </li></ul><ul><li>b. cattail, caterpillar, frog, water snake </li></ul><ul><li>c. water snake, frog, caterpillar, cattail </li></ul><ul><li>d. cattail, frog, caterpillar, water snake </li></ul>
  10. 10. Multiple Choice <ul><li>Ecology is the study of how: </li></ul><ul><li>a. the physical environment changes over time </li></ul><ul><li>b. biotic factors change over time </li></ul><ul><li>c. matter interacts with energy in our environment </li></ul><ul><li>d. living things interact with each other and their environment </li></ul>
  11. 11. Multiple Choice <ul><li>An example of a biotic factor in a pond ecosystem is: </li></ul><ul><li>a. temperature </li></ul><ul><li>b. water </li></ul><ul><li>c. fish </li></ul><ul><li>d. sunlight </li></ul>
  12. 12. Multiple Choice <ul><li>An example of a producer is a: </li></ul><ul><li>a. fungus </li></ul><ul><li>b. caterpillar </li></ul><ul><li>c. bird </li></ul><ul><li>d. moss </li></ul>
  13. 13. Multiple Choice <ul><li>Both consumers and producers are a source of food for: </li></ul><ul><li>a. scavengers </li></ul><ul><li>b. decomposers </li></ul><ul><li>c. carnivores </li></ul><ul><li>d. herbivores </li></ul>
  14. 14. Multiple Choice <ul><li>In an energy pyramid, the lowest level has: </li></ul><ul><li>a. less energy than the top level </li></ul><ul><li>b. less energy than the second level </li></ul><ul><li>c. more energy than the top level </li></ul><ul><li>d. the same amount of energy as the second level </li></ul>
  15. 15. Multiple Choice <ul><li>A scientist who studies the interactions of plants and animals is called: </li></ul><ul><li>a. a physicist </li></ul><ul><li>b. a botanist </li></ul><ul><li>c. a geologist </li></ul><ul><li>d. an ecologist </li></ul>
  16. 16. Multiple Choice <ul><li>A food chains shows: </li></ul><ul><li>a. one possible pathway for energy </li></ul><ul><li>b. many possible pathways for energy </li></ul><ul><li>c. the amount of energy available to a producer </li></ul><ul><li>d. the amount of energy available to a consumer </li></ul>
  17. 17. Multiple Choice <ul><li>Decomposers are important to ecosystems because they: </li></ul><ul><li>a. are at the highest level of the energy pyramid </li></ul><ul><li>b. change simple compounds into more complex ones </li></ul><ul><li>c. make nutrients available for producers to reuse </li></ul><ul><li>d. convert light energy into sugars through photosynthesis </li></ul>
  18. 18. Multiple Choice <ul><li>Which of the following factors in an ecosystem is biotic? </li></ul><ul><li>a. insects </li></ul><ul><li>b. soil </li></ul><ul><li>c. water </li></ul><ul><li>d. sunlight </li></ul>
  19. 19. Multiple Choice <ul><li>Two abiotic factors that affect an ecosystem are: </li></ul><ul><li>a. temperature and animals </li></ul><ul><li>b. plants and animals </li></ul><ul><li>c. water and bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>d. soil and water </li></ul>
  20. 20. Multiple Choice <ul><li>Two examples of decomposers are: </li></ul><ul><li>a. fungi and bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>b. algae and marine mammals </li></ul><ul><li>c. carnivores and herbivores </li></ul><ul><li>d. ferns and mosses </li></ul>
  21. 21. Multiple Choice <ul><li>A caterpillar eats a leaf, and a bird eats the caterpillar. In this interaction, the bird is a: </li></ul><ul><li>a. producer </li></ul><ul><li>b. herbivore </li></ul><ul><li>c. primary consumer </li></ul><ul><li>d. secondary consumer </li></ul>
  22. 22. Multiple Choice <ul><li>How is a food web model different from a food chain? </li></ul><ul><li>a. In a web, energy moves from an organism to only one other. </li></ul><ul><li>b. In a web, energy may move to many organisms from one. </li></ul><ul><li>c. In a web, an organism gets energy from one source. </li></ul><ul><li>d. In a web, an organism receives less energy than in a chain. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Multiple Choice <ul><li>When a rabbit population in a meadow cannot grow any larger, it has reached the: </li></ul><ul><li>a. climax community </li></ul><ul><li>b. carrying capacity </li></ul><ul><li>c. limiting factor </li></ul><ul><li>d. minimum size </li></ul>
  24. 24. Multiple Choice <ul><li>Which list of terms is in the correct order, from simplest to most complex? </li></ul><ul><li>a. organism, community, population, ecosystem, biome </li></ul><ul><li>b. organism, population, community, biome, ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>c. organism, population, community, ecosystem, biome </li></ul><ul><li>d. organism, community, ecosystem, population, biome </li></ul>
  25. 25. Multiple Choice <ul><li>A population of rabbits is at its carrying capacity when the population: </li></ul><ul><li>a. reproduces </li></ul><ul><li>b. becomes extinct </li></ul><ul><li>c. stops growing </li></ul><ul><li>d. can’t survive </li></ul>
  26. 26. Multiple Choice <ul><li>An unusually cold winter causes the squirrel population to decrease. This is an example of temperature as a: </li></ul><ul><li>a. carrying capacity </li></ul><ul><li>b. limiting factor </li></ul><ul><li>c. climax community </li></ul><ul><li>d. pattern in space </li></ul>
  27. 27. Multiple Choice <ul><li>All the living things in a meadow and the physical environment around them make up the meadow’s: </li></ul><ul><li>a. community </li></ul><ul><li>b. population </li></ul><ul><li>c. ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>d. niche </li></ul>
  28. 28. Multiple Choice <ul><li>A crab lives on a beach where it gets food, shelter, and space to live. The beach is the crab’s: </li></ul><ul><li>a. niche </li></ul><ul><li>b. community </li></ul><ul><li>c. habitat </li></ul><ul><li>d. home </li></ul>
  29. 29. Multiple Choice <ul><li>All the leopard frogs in a pond make up the pond’s leopard frog: </li></ul><ul><li>a. population </li></ul><ul><li>b. niche </li></ul><ul><li>c. habitat </li></ul><ul><li>d. ecosystem </li></ul>
  30. 30. Multiple Choice <ul><li>Biodiversity is a measure of the: </li></ul><ul><li>a. variety of nonliving things within an ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>b. amount of resources shared by the human population. </li></ul><ul><li>c. Variety of species within an ecosystem. </li></ul><ul><li>d. Amount of renewable resources within an ecosystem. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Multiple Choice <ul><li>Biotic factors in an ecosystem may include: </li></ul><ul><li>a. bacteria, soil, and water </li></ul><ul><li>b. plants, animals, and bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>c. temperature, water, and soil </li></ul><ul><li>d. animals, fungi, and temperature </li></ul>
  32. 32. Multiple Choice <ul><li>An animal that eats only plants is a: </li></ul><ul><li>a. primary consumer </li></ul><ul><li>b. secondary consumer </li></ul><ul><li>c. tertiary consumer </li></ul><ul><li>d. primary producer </li></ul>
  33. 33. Multiple Choice <ul><li>An example of a biotic factor is: </li></ul><ul><li>a. soil </li></ul><ul><li>b. a rock </li></ul><ul><li>c. water </li></ul><ul><li>d. a tree </li></ul>
  34. 34. Multiple Choice <ul><li>A snake that eats an insect-eating frog is a: </li></ul><ul><li>a. primary consumer </li></ul><ul><li>b. secondary consumer </li></ul><ul><li>c. tertiary consumer </li></ul><ul><li>d. primary producer </li></ul>
  35. 35. Fill in the Blank <ul><li>A(n) ___________________________ is made up of both living things and the physical environment. </li></ul><ul><li>An ecosystem is made up of both living things and the physical environment. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Fill in the Blank <ul><li>__________________________ is the study of how living things interact with each other and their environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Ecology is the study of how living things interact with each other and their environment. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Fill in the Blank <ul><li>Living things in an ecosystem are ________________________ factors. </li></ul><ul><li>Living things in an ecosystem are biotoic factors. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Fill in the Blank <ul><li>Nonliving things in an ecosystem are __________________________ factors. </li></ul><ul><li>Nonliving things in an ecosystem are abiotioc factors. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Fill in the Blank <ul><li>The __________________________ of an environment is the maximum population that it can support. </li></ul><ul><li>The carrying capacity of an environment is the maximum population that it can support. </li></ul>
  40. 40. True or False? <ul><li>Organisms in soil are an example of abiotic factors. </li></ul><ul><li>FALSE </li></ul>
  41. 41. True or False? <ul><li>The amount of light available in an ecosystem affects the types and amount of plant life that will grow there. </li></ul><ul><li>TRUE </li></ul>
  42. 42. True or False? <ul><li>Plants use energy to make sugars through photosynthesis. </li></ul><ul><li>TRUE </li></ul>
  43. 43. True or False? <ul><li>An ecosystem is composed of biotic factors. </li></ul><ul><li>FALSE </li></ul><ul><li>Biotic factors AND abiotic factors. </li></ul>
  44. 44. True or False? <ul><li>In a species, the organisms’ offspring must be able to breed. </li></ul><ul><li>TRUE </li></ul>
  45. 45. True or False? <ul><li>The same niche in a habitat may be occupied by more than one species. </li></ul><ul><li>TRUE </li></ul>
  46. 46. Matching <ul><li>_____ Producer a. made up of many overlapping food chains </li></ul><ul><li>_____Consumer b. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy </li></ul><ul><li>_____Decomposer c. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain </li></ul><ul><li>_____Food Chain d. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals </li></ul><ul><li>_____Food Web e. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers </li></ul><ul><li>_____Energy Pyramid f. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds </li></ul>
  47. 47. Matching <ul><li>__B__ Producer a. made up of many overlapping food chains </li></ul><ul><li>_____Consumer b. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy </li></ul><ul><li>_____Decomposer c. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain </li></ul><ul><li>_____Food Chain d. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals </li></ul><ul><li>_____Food Web e. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers </li></ul><ul><li>_____Energy Pyramid f. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds </li></ul><ul><li>A producer is an organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy. </li></ul>
  48. 48. Matching <ul><li>__B__ Producer a. made up of many overlapping food chains </li></ul><ul><li>__D__ Consumer b. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Decomposer c. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Food Chain d. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Food Web e. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Energy Pyramid f. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds </li></ul><ul><li>A consumer is an organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals. </li></ul>
  49. 49. Matching <ul><li>__B__ Producer a. made up of many overlapping food chains </li></ul><ul><li>__D__ Consumer b. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy </li></ul><ul><li>__F__ Decomposer c. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Food Chain d. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Food Web e. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Energy Pyramid f. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds </li></ul><ul><li>A decomposer is an organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds. </li></ul>
  50. 50. Matching <ul><li>__B__ Producer a. made up of many overlapping food chains </li></ul><ul><li>__D__ Consumer b. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy </li></ul><ul><li>__F__ Decomposer c. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain </li></ul><ul><li>__E__ Food Chain d. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Food Web e. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Energy Pyramid f. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds </li></ul><ul><li>A food chain shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  51. 51. Matching <ul><li>__B__ Producer a. made up of many overlapping food chains </li></ul><ul><li>__D__ Consumer b. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy </li></ul><ul><li>__F__ Decomposer c. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain </li></ul><ul><li>__E__ Food Chain d. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals </li></ul><ul><li>__A__ Food Web e. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Energy Pyramid f. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds </li></ul><ul><li>A food web is made up of many overlapping food chains. </li></ul>
  52. 52. Matching <ul><li>__B__ Producer a. made up of many overlapping food chains </li></ul><ul><li>__D__ Consumer b. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy </li></ul><ul><li>__F__ Decomposer c. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain </li></ul><ul><li>__E__ Food Chain d. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals </li></ul><ul><li>__A__ Food Web e. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers </li></ul><ul><li>__C__ Energy Pyramid f. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds </li></ul><ul><li>An energy pyramid shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain. </li></ul>
  53. 53. Matching <ul><li>_____ It surrounds all living things </li></ul><ul><li>_____All living organisms need it </li></ul><ul><li>_____It gives Earth most of its energy </li></ul><ul><li>organism </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>The ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>The Sun </li></ul>
  54. 54. Matching <ul><li>__D__ It surrounds all living things </li></ul><ul><li>_____All living organisms need it </li></ul><ul><li>_____It gives Earth most of its energy </li></ul><ul><li>organism </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>The ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>The Sun </li></ul>
  55. 55. Matching <ul><li>__D__ It surrounds all living things </li></ul><ul><li>__B__All living organisms need it </li></ul><ul><li>_____It gives Earth most of its energy </li></ul><ul><li>organism </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>The ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>The Sun </li></ul>
  56. 56. Matching <ul><li>__D__ It surrounds all living things </li></ul><ul><li>__B__All living organisms need it </li></ul><ul><li>__E__It gives Earth most of its energy </li></ul><ul><li>organism </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>The ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>The Sun </li></ul>
  57. 57. Matching <ul><li>_____ Two organisms try to get the same thing in a relation </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Two organisms benefit in a relationship </li></ul><ul><li>_____ The role a species fills in a habitat </li></ul><ul><li>a. niche </li></ul><ul><li>b. habitat </li></ul><ul><li>c. parasitism </li></ul><ul><li>d. competition </li></ul><ul><li>e. mutualism </li></ul>
  58. 58. Matching <ul><li>__D__ Two organisms try to get the same thing in a relation </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Two organisms benefit in a relationship </li></ul><ul><li>_____ The role a species fills in a habitat </li></ul><ul><li>a. niche </li></ul><ul><li>b. habitat </li></ul><ul><li>c. parasitism </li></ul><ul><li>d. competition </li></ul><ul><li>e. mutualism </li></ul>
  59. 59. Matching <ul><li>__D__ Two organisms try to get the same thing in a relation </li></ul><ul><li>__E__ Two organisms benefit in a relationship </li></ul><ul><li>_____ The role a species fills in a habitat </li></ul><ul><li>a. niche </li></ul><ul><li>b. habitat </li></ul><ul><li>c. parasitism </li></ul><ul><li>d. competition </li></ul><ul><li>e. mutualism </li></ul>
  60. 60. Matching <ul><li>__D__ Two organisms try to get the same thing in a relation </li></ul><ul><li>__E__ Two organisms benefit in a relationship </li></ul><ul><li>__A__ The role a species fills in a habitat </li></ul><ul><li>a. niche </li></ul><ul><li>b. habitat </li></ul><ul><li>c. parasitism </li></ul><ul><li>d. competition </li></ul><ul><li>e. mutualism </li></ul>
  61. 61. Matching <ul><li>_____ Something from the environment that humans use </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Number of people in a given area </li></ul><ul><li>_____ The variety of life in an ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>a. pollution </li></ul><ul><li>b. population density </li></ul><ul><li>c. natural resource </li></ul><ul><li>d. Invasive species </li></ul><ul><li>e. biodiversity </li></ul>
  62. 62. Matching <ul><li>__C__ Something from the environment that humans use </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Number of people in a given area </li></ul><ul><li>_____ The variety of life in an ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>a. pollution </li></ul><ul><li>b. population density </li></ul><ul><li>c. natural resource </li></ul><ul><li>d. Invasive species </li></ul><ul><li>e. biodiversity </li></ul>
  63. 63. Matching <ul><li>__C__ Something from the environment that humans use </li></ul><ul><li>__B__ Number of people in a given area </li></ul><ul><li>_____ The variety of life in an ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>a. pollution </li></ul><ul><li>b. population density </li></ul><ul><li>c. natural resource </li></ul><ul><li>d. Invasive species </li></ul><ul><li>e. biodiversity </li></ul>
  64. 64. Matching <ul><li>__C__ Something from the environment that humans use </li></ul><ul><li>__B__ Number of people in a given area </li></ul><ul><li>__E__ The variety of life in an ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>a. pollution </li></ul><ul><li>b. population density </li></ul><ul><li>c. natural resource </li></ul><ul><li>d. Invasive species </li></ul><ul><li>e. biodiversity </li></ul>
  65. 65. What do the arrows in the food web represent? The flow of energy within the food web.
  66. 66. List two producers and three consumers in the food web. Producers = rosebush, oak tree, grass Consumers = deer, wolf, rabbit, squirrel caterpillar, frog, sparrow, snake, hawk
  67. 67. Draw one food chain that includes the sparrow. rose bush –> caterpillar –> sparrow -> hawk rose bush -> caterpillar -> sparrow -> snake oak tree -> caterpillar -> sparrow -> hawk oak tree -> caterpillar -> sparrow -> snake grass -> caterpillar -> sparrow -> hawk grass -> caterpillar -> sparrow -> snake
  68. 68. <ul><li>Good Luck </li></ul><ul><li>on the Test! </li></ul><ul><li>Remember </li></ul><ul><li>to </li></ul><ul><li>Study! </li></ul>

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