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Understanding the Causal System
PC1: Improvement Science Basics
Louis Gomez & Sandra Park
Our Road Map for Learning
Seeing the
System
Understanding
the Problem
Effect
Cause Cause
Cause Cause
The Dynamism in the Field:
A Sampler
It’s	
  the	
  
TEXTBOOKS	
  
We’re	
  not	
  aligning	
  
with	
  students’	
  
ACAD...
What is a Causal Systems Analysis?
An improvement process that helps you identify
the initiating causes of a problem.
Tool...
5
BRANCH:	
  
CATEGORY	
  	
  
BRANCH:	
  
CATEGORY	
  	
  
BRANCH:	
  
CATEGORY	
  	
  
BRANCH:	
  
CATEGORY	
  	
  
PROB...
Activity: What is the specific problem?
6
Activity: Identifying Root Causes
Asking “Why?”
! Big ideas—main categories
! Choose one “category”
! Brainstorm potential...
8
RELATIONSHIP	
  
	
  WITH	
  PRINCIPAL	
  
FEEDBACK	
  
HIRING,	
  RECRUITING	
  	
  
&	
  PLACEMENT	
  SYSTEMS	
  
PROF...
9
RELATIONSHIP	
  
	
  WITH	
  PRINCIPAL	
  
FEEDBACK	
  
HIRING,	
  RECRUITING	
  	
  
&	
  PLACEMENT	
  SYSTEMS	
  
PROF...
Tips for Crafting a Fishbone Diagram
STAY USER-CENTERED
! Talk to users to get their perspectives.
! See the system from d...
Bryk 2014 understanding the causal system
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Bryk 2014 understanding the causal system

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Bringing a systems mindset to bear on organisational improvement

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Bryk 2014 understanding the causal system

  1. 1. Understanding the Causal System PC1: Improvement Science Basics Louis Gomez & Sandra Park
  2. 2. Our Road Map for Learning Seeing the System Understanding the Problem Effect Cause Cause Cause Cause
  3. 3. The Dynamism in the Field: A Sampler It’s  the   TEXTBOOKS   We’re  not  aligning   with  students’   ACADEMIC  &   CAREER  GOALS   It’s  STUDENT   MOTIVATION   It’s  a  HUMAN   RESOURCE   problem   It’s  an   INSTITUTIONAL   LEADERSHIP   FAILURE!!   Open  Source   Materials   Learning   CommuniMes   Design  More   Meaningful   Courses   PD  +  Faculty   Inquiry  Groups   Leadership   Development   Programs  
  4. 4. What is a Causal Systems Analysis? An improvement process that helps you identify the initiating causes of a problem. Tool: Ishikawa Fishbone or “Cause-and-Effect” Diagram (Basis for developing a Systems Improvement Map) 4
  5. 5. 5 BRANCH:   CATEGORY     BRANCH:   CATEGORY     BRANCH:   CATEGORY     BRANCH:   CATEGORY     PROBLEM     STATEMENT   BONE:    CAUSE   BONE:    CAUSE   BONE:    CAUSE   BONE:    CAUSE  
  6. 6. Activity: What is the specific problem? 6
  7. 7. Activity: Identifying Root Causes Asking “Why?” ! Big ideas—main categories ! Choose one “category” ! Brainstorm potential causes. Ask “why?” three to five times for each of the initial categories. ! Try to focus on finding key system processes you can influence. 7
  8. 8. 8 RELATIONSHIP    WITH  PRINCIPAL   FEEDBACK   HIRING,  RECRUITING     &  PLACEMENT  SYSTEMS   PROFESSIONAL     COMMUNITY   PROFESSIONAL     DEVELOPMENT   HIGH  TURNOVER   RATES  AND  LESS   EFFECTIVE  NEW   TEACHERS   WORKING   CONDITIONS  
  9. 9. 9 RELATIONSHIP    WITH  PRINCIPAL   FEEDBACK   HIRING,  RECRUITING     &  PLACEMENT  SYSTEMS   PROFESSIONAL     COMMUNITY   PROFESSIONAL     DEVELOPMENT   TURNOVER  RATES   FOR  NEW  TEACHERS   ARE  HIGH  AND  NEW   TEACHERS  ARE  NOT   EFFECTIVE  FAST   ENOUGH   WORKING   CONDITIONS   Lack of attention to relational practices in the induction and development of principals. New teachers low priority on principals’ time Weak or absent culture of trust district-wide High principal turnover No common language about good teaching Not connected to resources to improve Those giving feedback lack expertise Feedback is experienced as isolated and/or evaluative events Mismatch between teacher background and initial assignments Lack of clarity around roles and responsibilities (e.g HR, principal, etc.) Lack of information necessary for good school-teacher match Processes not timely Lack of communication between prep programs and districts “It’s not my job” Lack of collective responsibility for students and their achievement Inadequate time, resources and structures Each new teacher invents curriculum No concept of arc of teacher dev Not connected to student learning Not differentiated by needs of individual teachers Lack of coherence Environment not safe Facilities inadequate No breaks
  10. 10. Tips for Crafting a Fishbone Diagram STAY USER-CENTERED ! Talk to users to get their perspectives. ! See the system from different points of view. ! Solve the problem for users first. ! Be open-minded. USE DATA WHEN POSSIBLE ! Measure the gap you’re trying to close. ! Test causes against data. 10

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