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Bryk 2014 Developing a Driver Diagram for a NIC


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Developing driver diagrams for rapid prototyping in a networked improvement community

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Bryk 2014 Developing a Driver Diagram for a NIC

  1. 1. A Theory of Practice Improvement: Driver Diagrams PC1: Improvement Science Basics Alicia Grunow
  2. 2. Our Road Map for Learning Seeing the System Understanding the Problem Developing a Theory of Practice Improvement Establishing an Aim Effect Cause Cause Cause Cause
  3. 3. 3 Understanding the Problem Organizing Action
  4. 4. What is a Theory of Practice Improvement? A working theory of most highly leveraged changes that are needed to achieve the desired outcomes A Driver Diagram is an improvement tool used to communicate a theory of practice improvement
  5. 5. Typical Approach 1: Incoherent Activity Foundation “X” Strategic Priorities Foundation “Y” Strategic Priorities Local Institutional Considerations A  new  priority   comes  into  view  
  6. 6. 6 Improvement Aspirations Current Performance?Goal  GOAL  
  7. 7. Goal   Typical Approach: Not getting down to action 7 “A  goal  without  a  method  is  nonsense.       By  what  method?”  –  Deming   Educa<on  reform  is  “miracle  goals   without  methods.”        Deming  1991   GOAL  
  8. 8. 8 Theory of Practice Improvement Current Performance Theory of Practice Improvement “Probably wrong and definitely incomplete” Goal  GOAL  
  9. 9. Driver Diagram Basics   AIM     Primary   Driver   Primary   Driver   Primary   Driver   Primary   Driver   Primary  Drivers:  3-­‐5  main  areas  of   influence  that  drive  towards  the  aim     -Outcomes -Gap you are trying to close
  10. 10. Secondary   Drivers   Secondary  Drivers:  The   necessary  components  to   move  a  primary  driver     AIM     Primary   Driver   Primary   Driver   Primary   Driver   Primary   Driver   Driver Diagram Basics
  11. 11. •  Change   •  Change     •  Change     Change: Specific ideas to be attempted. Hint: Tend to be processes, cultural norms, structures or roles Secondary   Drivers     AIM     Primary   Driver   Primary   Driver   Primary   Driver   Primary   Driver   Driver Diagram Basics
  12. 12. Tips for Crafting Drivers PRIMARY DRIVERS ! Necessary and sufficient to moving outcome measures ! No more than 3-5 (highest leverage—Pareto Principle) ! Based on evidence ! Similar grain size ! Organize the work in a helpful way SECONDARY DRIVERS ! Necessary and sufficient to move the primary drivers ! Only use when they are necessary to plan specific changes or interventions 12
  13. 13. Small Group Discussion ! STEM for an Aim Statements: Regular opportunities for teachers (and leaders) to share and collaboration order to__________________ (perhaps by when) ! Brainstorm possible primary drivers for this problem? ! If you have time try to articulate some secondary drivers too (say for one primary driver) ! Any change ideas? 13
  14. 14. BTEN Driver Diagram Primary Drivers Secondary Drivers Changes School-based professional community Feedback that supports improvement Relationship btwn principals and NTs Hiring and placement system Professional development for NTs 14 Feedback that supports improvement Increase new teacher efficacy and retention -­‐Timeliness  of  the  decisions   -­‐Right  info  about  candidates     -­‐Right  info    on  schools   -­‐Targeted  recruitment   Teaching  task  as   part  of  an   interview   Goal
  15. 15. Developing your Driver Diagram 15 METHODS: ! 90-day R&D cycle ! Expert Convening ! Get started and iterate as you improve –  Analytics & testing IDENTIFYING DRIVERS: ! Deep understanding of the problem ! Research ! Successful organizations/ practitioners that have solved the problem ! Analogical thinking: Places where similar problems have been solved ! Work in the network
  16. 16. Building a Driver Diagram for BTEN 16 IdenEfy  New   Teacher   RetenEon  as   a  problem     Map  broad   understanding   of  the  system    Chose  a   parEcular   angle   Build  out   individual   drivers   Year before launch Before invite participants Before launch Leadership System analysis -Research -New Teachers -District & school Leaders -Unions Leadership Expert Convening Testing 90-day cycle Develop   specific   changes   Revise based on learning Work in the network
  17. 17. Why (and when) a Driver Diagram? ! Creates a common language ! Focuses improvement efforts on the most important parts of the system ! Shows how changes are related to the aim & how different projects fit into a larger portfolio of work ! Explicates the theory of practice improvement so it can be tested 17