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Opening Research Data in EU Universities: Policies, Motivators and Challenges

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A presentation given by Eva Méndez at the 5th LEARN workshop in Barcelona (26 Jan 2017). www.learn-rdm.eu

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Opening Research Data in EU Universities: Policies, Motivators and Challenges

  1. 1. Prof. Dr. Eva Méndez Opening research data in EU universities: Policies, motivators and challenges emendez@bib.uc3m.es @evamen Barcelona 26 January 2017
  2. 2. Eva Méndez Opening research data in EU universities: Policies, motivators and challenges Outline & objectives  Policies and motivators  Convincing EU policies in Open Science (Open Research Data)  Challenges!!! (RDM/RDS)  Research Data in the challenging Open Science Framework  Research Data in the challenging Open Data Framework (PSI)  Research Data in the challenging Data Science Framework  Challenges for Universities and other RPOs: Ideas and reflections
  3. 3. The way we do Science is changing because… • Exponential growth of data. • Availability of digital technologies. • Increase of the global scientific population. • Public demand for better and more efficient science. • Demand for accountable, responsive and transparent science (PSI). • Need to address faster societal challenges, and to contribute to economic growth. The context…
  4. 4. Eva Méndez Opening research data in EU universities: Policies, motivators and challenges Open Science: Here we are!  A systemic change in the modus operandi of science and research  Affecting the whole research cycle and its stakeholders Commissioner Carlos Moedas Open Science Presidency Conference
  5. 5. Eva Méndez Opening research data in EU universities: Policies, motivators and challenges
  6. 6. Eva Méndez Opening research data in EU universities: Policies, motivators and challenges Research data: open by default  Horizon 2020 grantees are required to:  Deposit underlying research data (and their metadata)  Take measures to grant open access to this research data  Horizon 2020 grantees are encouraged to share datasets beyond publication  FAIR data + more Rs Reliable Reproducible
  7. 7. Eva Méndez Opening research data in EU universities: Policies, motivators and challenges (Open) Research Data “mantra” Why? How? Who?
  8. 8. • How does it affect our researchers?  Promotion, research assessment, almetrics… • How does it affect our research infrastructures? New ones? • How does it affect our T&Learning?  Data literacies? • New scientific behavior  Transparency FAIR DATA: Why? Should I share my data?
  9. 9. Eva Méndez Opening research data in EU universities: Policies, motivators and challenges FAIR data: Why? Cartoon by Auke Herrema Magazine “…Open access to scientific results and data is a great way to boost science, boost the economy, and enable new techniques and collaborations between disciplines. Really it's quite simple: it's about ensuring you can see the results you've already paid for through your taxes….” (Nelie Kroes)
  10. 10. Eva Méndez Opening research data in EU universities: Policies, motivators and challenges Barriers to share research data 9% 9% 12% 12% 17% 17% 18% 26% 30% Insufficient skills Should not be available no place to put data Lack of standards Do not need data Lack of funding I don’t have rights Insufficient time I need to publish Tenopir, et al (2015). Changes in Data Sharing and Data Reuse Practices and Perceptions among Scientists Worldwide http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0134826 FAIR data: Why?
  11. 11. Eva Méndez Opening research data in EU universities: Policies, motivators and challenges Barriers to share research data 1. Users do not understand the data (semantic, formats, etc.) 2. Lack of software, hardware or sustainable support 3. No clear data authenticity 4. Restrictions of access and use (IP issues) 5. Lack of skills to find the data 6. Current curation in a project could stop in the future 7. Loss of confidence in the staff in charge of the data curation Ferrer-Sapena, Aleixandre-Benavent (2016). La opinión y los hábitos de los investigadores sobre los datos de investigación: http://bd.ub.edu/grups/ccd/seminari_maredata FAIR data: Why?
  12. 12. Eva Méndez Opening research data in EU universities: Policies, motivators and challenges FAIR data: How? (policies) http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/grants_manual/hi/oa_pilot/h2020-hi-oa-data-mgt_en.pdf
  13. 13. Eva Méndez Opening research data in EU universities: Policies, motivators and challenges FAIR data: how? (infratructure)
  14. 14. Eva Méndez Opening research data in EU universities: Policies, motivators and challenges Lead users… Scientific communities …long tail Scaleofscientificactivity(data-drivenscience) Humanities Citizen science European Open Science Cloud Lifesciences Physics Earthsciences Economics Social sciences Applied-engineering …… Scientific Landscape for Research Data… One size does not feet all!!! FAIR data: How?
  15. 15. EOSC Image from the children’s story by Maurice Sendak https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Where_the_Wild_Things_Are
  16. 16. Eva Méndez Opening research data in EU universities: Policies, motivators and challenges A Cloud on the H2020 Horizon (final draft) http://www.bluebridge-vres.eu/sites/default/files/HLEG%20EOSC%20first%20Report%20%28draft%29.pdf Imagine a federated, globally accessible environment where researchers, innovators, companies and citizens can publish, find and re- use each other's data and tools for research, innovation and educational purposes ... This we believe encapsulates the concept of the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC), and indeed such a federated European endeavor might be expressed as the European contribution to a Internet of FAIR Data and services. “The European Open Science Cloud is a supporting environment for Open science and not an ‘open cloud’ for science”
  17. 17. Eva Méndez Opening research data in EU universities: Policies, motivators and challenges From: B. Mons (2016)
  18. 18. Eva Méndez Opening research data in EU universities: Policies, motivators and challenges “Motivators of Will” Challenge: how to incentivize the systemic change in our universities SEDUCTION!!
  19. 19. Eva Méndez Opening research data in EU universities: Policies, motivators and challenges On the way to Open Research Data Policy: Ideas and strategies  Embrance international/EU policies  Infrastructures: (COOPERATE)  Include Open Research Data in the institutional policy (MANDATE-LAW)  Reward with economic incentives (internal rewarding system) (MONEY)  Datathons, Prices (RANKING)  Work in the mindset change: early career researchers  deposit the underlying datasets of the thesis, master papers, etc.  “The best is enemy of the good”
  20. 20. Eva Méndez Opening research data in EU universities: Policies, motivators and challenges And you? What are you going to do? Introduction video Conference Open Science 4- 5 April 2016, Dutch Presidency EU2016: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C9a3Ap3yyak
  21. 21. http://databib.org Thank you!! Prof. Dr. Eva Méndez emendez@bib.uc3m.es @evamen

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