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S.s report


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S.s report

  1. 1. Reported by: Leanne Marie C. Loyola Stephanie Contesse S. Pagcu
  2. 2. People Power Revolution – -Also known as EDSA Revolution or Philippine Revolution of 1986 -was a series of demonstrations in the Philippines that began in 1983 and culminated in 1986. The methods used amounted to a sustained campaign of civil resistance against regime violence and electoral fraud. President Marcos signed Proclamation No. 2045 on Jan. 17, 1981 declaring the end of Martial Law rule. Question: Why did Pres. Marcos declared to end the Martial Law rule? Pres. Marcos did this to show to the Filipinos and to the world that democracy had been restored in the Philippines after more than 8 years of military rule.
  3. 3. The New Government Marcos called for a presidential election on June 16,1981 to prove to the world that the country was on its way to normalization after the so-called “lifting” of Martial Law. Marcos won the election. On April 17, 1981, the Philippines shifted to the parliamentary form of government. Pres. Marcos appointed Cesar A. Virata as Prime Minister.
  4. 4. The Assassination of Benigno Aquino, Jr. Benigno “Ninoy” Aquimo,Jr. was a former senator before Pres. Marcos declared Martial Law. He boldly criticized and frequently accused the Marcos regime of dictatorship. He was imprisoned for 8 years during the Martial Law years. Even in his imprisonment, he sought a seat in the Senate which he won. After suffering from a heart attack, he and his family were allowed to go to the U.S. He underwent medical treatment in U.S. and had a self-imposed exile for about 3 years. Later, he decided to go back to the Philippines.
  5. 5. Thousands of Filipinos anxiously waited the homecoming of former senator Ninoy Aquino,Jr. He came home to negotiate with Pres. Marcos However, from the plane, Senator Aquino was assassinated. The military identified the gunman as Rolando Galman.
  6. 6. The Aftermath of Ninoy’s Assassination Right after Ninoy was laid to rest ,demonstrations and rallies were held to protest the death of Ninoy. Yellow ribbons and clothes became the protester’s symbol. They were calling the resignation of Marcos and the restoration of justice and freedom in the country. Corazon C. Aquino, widow of Ninoy, led the street parliamentarians in Makati City.
  7. 7. Economic Crisis Ninoy’s death affected the economy of the country. Foreign investors gradually withdrew their business from the country. Question: Why did the foreign banks refuse to grant loans to the Philippines? Because its unpaid debts had reached $27B Tourism were also down because foreigners fearing for their safety avoided the country. The exchange rate of the peso against the US dollar reached P14 to one dollar. This resulted in increase in the prices of commodities.
  8. 8. Investigation on Ninoy’s Death Pres. Marcos created a committee to conduct an investigation on the case. Corazon Agrava was appointed as chairman. The Agrava Board submitted two reports to Pres. Marcos . 1st Report In Chairman Agrava’s report stated that Aquino was shot by a soldier and not Rolando Galman. It further stated that the military, including General Luther Custodio, AVSECOM Commander and 6 others were involved. 2nd Report The majority report submitted by the 4 members of the Board stated that military officials and some soldiers were involved in the double murder of Aquino and Galman.26 soldiers were implicated.