History leading up to and of the harlem renaissance
A Brief History Review:Leading up to the Harlem Renaissance
Things are looking up...➔ Emancipation Proclamation of 1863➔ During the years after the Civil War, former slaves of every age took advantage of the opportunity to become literate.➔ With the protection of new amendments to the constitution and the civil rights act of 1866, African-Americans enjoyed a period in which they could vote, acquire the land of former owners, seek their own employment, and use public accommodations.➔ Opponents of this progress, however, soon rallied against the former slaves freedom and began to find ways of eroding the gains for which many had shed their blood.
Civil Rights Progress Stunted➔The 1870s to the start of WWI was a difficult time forAfrican-Americans ➔ Voting and violence➔ Despite these issues, African-Americans were educatedin unprecedented numbers.➔ While only a small percentage of the black populationhad been literate at the close of the Civil War, by the turnof the twentieth century, the majority of all AfricanAmericans possessed some degree of literacy.➔ Also at this time, African American artistic genius inmusic, painting, sculpture, literature, and dance began toemerge and become more evident to white society at
The Harlem Renaissance: A Time of Rebirth (early 1920s -1935) This painting is titled, Jeunesse. It was painted by Palmer Hayden and depicts elements characteristic to the Harlem Renaissance.
The Harlem Renaissance (early 1920s -1935) ➔ The Harlem Renaissance also known as the New Negro Movement, was a literary, artistic, cultural, intellectual movement that began in Harlem, New York after World War I and ended around 1935 during the Great Depression. ➔ The movement raised significant issues affecting the lives of African Americans through various forms of literature, art, music, drama, painting, sculpture, movies, and protests. ➔ Although the center of the Harlem Renaissance began in Harlem, New York, its influence spread throughout the nation and beyond and included philosophers, artists, writers, musicians, sculptors, movie makers and institutions that attempted to assert their own culture instead of that enforced by American culture and its institutions.
A Culture of Their Own➔ Wartime service and jobs had given African Americans a new sense of freedom because they were more economically stable than before WWI.➔ Many migrated North, and Harlem, NY became the largest black urban community in the U.S.➔ Living in urban areas gave artists of all kinds the opportunity to exchange ideas and develop a culture of their own.
Music of the Harlem Renaissance: Jazz and the Blues➔ Jazz became widely popular in the 1920s. It combined African rhythms, blues, and ragtime to produce a unique sound.➔ Billie Holiday → “Summertime”➔ Lois Mailou Jones → “The Ascent of Ethiopia”
Characteristics of Jazz➔ Blues scale➔ Improvisation➔ Syncopation➔ Swung note➔ Rhythm section King Creoles Jazz Band (1920)➔ Brass instruments