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Roland barthes levi strauss pp

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Roland barthes levi strauss pp

  1. 1. Media Languages By Lucy Abbott and Liam Wild
  2. 2. Roland Barthes Barthes (1915-1980) was a French literary theorists, philosopher, critic and semiotician. He explored a diverse range of fields and he influenced the development of schools.
  3. 3. Codes Theory Barthes stated texts as, “a galaxy of signifiers, not a structure of signifieds; it has no beginning; it is reversible; we gain access to it by several entrances, none of which can be authoritatively declared to be the main one; the codes it mobilizes extend as far as the eye can read, they are indeterminable… the systems of meaning can take over this absolutely plural text, but their number is never closed, based as it on the infinity of language…”
  4. 4. What does this mean? • The text is like a tangled ball of threads. • The thread needs to be unravelled. • Once unravelled, we encounter an absolute wide range of potential meanings. • We can start by looking at a narrative in one way, from one viewpoint, one set of previous experience, and create one meaning for that text. • You can continue by unravelling the narrative from a different angle and create an entirely different meaning.
  5. 5. The ‘Five Codes’ Barthes narrowed down the action of a text into Five Co • The Hermeneutic Code (HER) • The Enigma/Proairtic Code (ACT) • The Symbolic Code (SYM) • The Cultural Code (REF) • The Semantic Code (SEM)
  6. 6. The Hermeneutic Code (HER) Is the way the story avoids telling the truth or revealing all the facts, in order to drop clues in through out to help create mystery.
  7. 7. The Enigma/Proairetic Code (ACT) The way the tension is built up and the audience is left guessing what happens next.
  8. 8. The Semantic Code (SEM) (Voice of the person) The semantic code points to any element in a text that suggests a particular, often additional meaning by way of connotation which the story suggests. Connotation = Cultural/underlining meaning, what it symbolises.
  9. 9. The Symbolic Code (SYM) (Voice of symbols) This is very similar to Semantic Code, but acts at a wider level, organising semantic meanings into broader and deeper sets of meaning. This is typically done in the use of antithesis, where new meaning arises out of opposing and conflict ideas.
  10. 10. The Cultural Code (REF) (Voice of science) ence wider cultural knowledge, mora
  11. 11. Claude Levi Strauss Born: 28 November 1908 Brussels, Belgium Died: 30 October 2009 (aged 100) Paris, France Levi-Strauss was a French anthropologist and ethnologist and his work lead up to his development in the theory of structuralism. He has been known worldwide as the “father of modern anthropology”.
  12. 12. Levi-Strauss studied hundreds of myths and legends all around the world and from that he found out that humans make sense of the world, people and events by seeing things and using binary opposites. He also discovered that narratives are arranged around the conflict of binary opposites. Binary Oppositions
  13. 13. Explanation of binary opposition TRISTES TROPIQUES
  14. 14. He believed that the “savage” mind had the same structures as the “civilized” mind and that human characteristics are the same everywhere. These observations culminated in his famous book ‘Tristes Tropiques’.
  15. 15. Examples of Binary Opposition in Narrative GOOD / BAD HERO / VILLIAN FEMALE / MALE HOT / COLD FIRE / ICE BLACK / WHITE PEACE / WAR MAN / NATURE STRONG / WEAK ATTRACTIVE / UGLY GOOD / EVIL YOUNG / OLD

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