Age and EWT: The elderlyL/O: to be able to describe what research has shown about the elderly and testimony. Starter What are the two issues you need to know for the impact of being elderly on the accuracy of eye witness testimony?
L/O: to be able to describe what research has shown about the elderly and testimony. Suggestibility or Memory processes?Cohen and Faulkner (1989) Coxon and Valentine (1997)• Young adults (average 35 years) and • Participants were shown a video elderly participants (average 70 years). recording of a staged crime.• Shown a silent film-clip of a kidnapping. Found: both young children (7-9 years)• 10 minutes later, the groups were and the elderly (60-85) were less given a summary to read: accurate in their recall of events than1. accurate OR young adults (16-18 years). Argued: immature cognitions in children2. one containing inaccurate and aging the elderly. information.• Tested for memory later. Also found: Elderly participants were not any more susceptible to misleadingFound: elderly group were much more information than young adults.likely to be influenced by the inaccurate Argued: the elderly are not moresummary read afterwards including some suggestibility but form and recall lessof it in their recall of the film. complete memories.
Plan an answer for 6 marks focusing on theeffects of older age on EWT.Remember this asks for the answer to be leadby a description of the research.Two well described pieces of research with aopening/closing comment about theinconclusive research will get 6 marks.Write it. 8-10 minutes.
This question requires evaluation of the research findings.For top marks, you could also include the contrary research by Brainerd and Reyna and TheFuzzy Trace Theory (article page 58-59) study guide – to be studied in your own time.
Self study Due Monday1. Plan your 12 mark answer (AO1 and AO2 balance).Outline and evaluate research into the effectsof age of witness on accuracy of eyewitnesstestimony.2. Read study guide pages 46-47 to recap / fill innotes.Complete 2x apply your knowledge questions.
• Research into the impact of being elderly on the accuracy of EWT is inconclusive.• One school of thought argue that elderly witnesses are more vulnerable to suggestibility than younger adults. Cohen and Faulkner found that testimony from 70 year olds, compared with 35 year olds, were more likely to be influenced by an inaccurate written summary read after the ‘event’.• However, Coxon and Valentine found evidence that immature memory processes explain the difference between testimonies of different ages; they found that, at the time of the ‘event’, both young children and older adults form, and hence recall, more simple memories.
• Research into the impact of being elderly on the accuracy of EWT is inconclusive.• One school of thought argue that• However,