Aqa Glossary2

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Aqa Glossary2

  1. 1. Glossary of key terms and concepts which candidates should be familiar with forGCSE Sociology Paper 2, as recommended in Section 3 of the AQASpecification. These are in addition to those stated in the subject content:Topic 1 Crime and DevianceAgents/agencies of social controlAnomieAntisocial behaviourChivalry thesisCommunity serviceComputer crimeConformityCorporate crimeCrime rateDark figureData protectionDevianceFormal and informal social controlIdentity theftIndictable offenceJudiciaryLabelling theoryMaster statusOfficial crime statisticsProbationRecorded crimeRelative deprivationScapegoatSelf-report studiesSocial control/sanctionsSocial constructSocially defined behaviourSocial orderStereotypeSub-cultureSurveillanceVictim surveysWhite collar crime
  2. 2. Topic 2 Mass MediaAgenda-settingAmplificationAudienceBiasBlogBroadsheetCensorshipContent analysisConvergenceDesensitisedDigital mediaFolk devilsFreedom of speechGatekeeperGlobalisationHyper realityHypodermic syringe modelIdentityImageInteractivityMass popular cultureMoral panicNews valueOld/new mediaPluralismPopular pressPropagandaPostmodern societyReadershipSemiologySocial networkingSpin doctorStigmatisingSubstitute hearthTabloid
  3. 3. Topic 3 PowerAlienatedAristocracyCharismatic authorityCitizenClass alignment/de-alignmentCoercionConservativesConstituencyDemocracyDictatorshipDirect actionDiscriminationElections and electoral reformElectorateEliteIdeologyLeft and right wingLegal rational authorityLegislative processMember of ParliamentMonarchyNation stateNeo-liberalismNew social movementsPolitical partyPolitical socialisationPrivatisationPressure groupPrime MinisterSocialismTrade unionsTraditional authority
  4. 4. Topic 4 Social InequalityAbsolute povertyAchieved statusAgeismAscribed statusAsylum seekerCulture of povertyCycle of deprivationDependency cultureEnvironmental povertyEthnic diversityEthnic groupEthnic minorityGlass ceilingIncomeInstitutional racismLife chancesMeans testingMiddle classPatriarchyPoverty trapRacial discriminationRacial equalityRacial prejudiceRacismRelative povertyScapegoatSelective benefitsSex discriminationSexismSocial exclusionSocial mobilitySocial securitySocio-economic classSocial stratificationStereotypeSubjective povertyUnderclassUnemploymentUniversal benefitsVoluntary sector
  5. 5. WealthWelfare reformWelfare stateWelfare to workWorking classNB. Key terms in one topic may be referred to for questions in other areas of theGCSE Course. Any selection of key terms is of course arbitrary and will ofteninvolve other associated ideas and developments within Sociology. The listpresented here is thus subject to further modification.

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