Aqa Glossary 1

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Aqa Glossary 1

  1. 1. Glossary of key terms and concepts which candidates should be familiar with forGCSE Sociology Paper 1, as recommended in Section 3 of the AQASpecification. These are in addition to those stated in the subject content:Topic 1 Studying SocietyAgents/agencies of socialisationBeliefsConformityConflict/consensusCultureCultural differencesCustomsDiscriminationEthnic group/ethnicityFeminismFunctionalismGender/SexIdentityMarxismMulticultural societyNature/nurtureNormsRoles- multiple roles and role conflictRole modelsPeer groupPrejudiceRaceRacismRoleRole conflictSanctionsSocial control- formal and informalSocial deprivation and the underclassSocial issuesSocial mobilitySocial policiesSocial processesSocial structuresSocialisation- primary and secondaryStatus- ascribed and achievedStratificationSubcultureStereotypeValuesWelfare state
  2. 2. Case StudyContent analysisCovert observationClosed questionsEthical considerations- anonymity, confidentiality, informed consent.Experiments- field/laboratoryGeneralisationsHypothesisInterviewer bias/effectLongitudinal studiesNon-participant observationOfficial statisticsOpen-ended questionsOvert observationParticipant observationPersonal documentsPilot studyPopulationPrimary dataQualitative dataQuantitative dataReliabilityRepresentative sampleResearch aimsResearch methodsResearch processRespondentSampleSampling frameSampling types - random, stratified, systematic, quota, snowballSecondary dataTriangulationValidity
  3. 3. Topic 2 EducationAcademiesAnti-school subcultureCitizenshipComprehensive school systemCultural capitalDe-schoolingFormal curriculumEthnocentric curriculumFree schoolsFurther/higher educationHidden curriculumHome educationIndependent sector schoolsInclusion and exclusionIntelligence QuotientLabellingMarketisation of educationMaterial deprivationMeritocracyMixed ability classesNational curriculumOfficial curriculumOfstedPrivate schoolsPublic schoolSAT sSelective schooling - tripartite systemSelf-fulfilling prophecySetting and streamingSchool league tablesState funded schoolsSpecialist schoolsVocational education
  4. 4. Topic 3 FamiliesBeanpole familiesBigamyBirth rateBreadwinnerCereal packet familyChild-centrednessCivil partnershipCohabitationCommuneConjugal roles- joint/segregatedDeath rateDemocratic relationshipsDemographyDomestic abuseDomestic division of labourDivorce rateDual-worker familiesExtended familyEmpty nestEmpty shell marriageFamily DiversityFertility rateGenerationHouseholdHousehusband/wifeLone-parent familyMarriage rateMatriarchal familyMonogamyNew manNeo-conventional familiesNuclear familyPatriarchyPolygamyReconstituted family/step-parentSymmetrical familiesTraditional family rolesNB. Key terms in one topic may be referred to for questions in other areas of theShort Course. Any selection of key terms is of course arbitrary and will ofteninvolve other associated ideas and developments within sociology. The listpresented here is thus subject to further modification.

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