Speech Impairment (Ed443)

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This is the presentation I developed for my understanding of speech impairments and factors involved with the disability. There are also examples of assistive technology devices that can be helpful for people with speech impairments.

Speech Impairment (Ed443)

  1. 1. Speech Impairment Lealani Aflague ED443 Dr. Cyrus October 14, 2008
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>What is SI? </li></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>SI vs. Language Impairment </li></ul><ul><li>Speech Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Assistive Technology </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definition <ul><li>What is speech? </li></ul><ul><li>Speech impairment affects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Articulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluency </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Causes <ul><li>Genetic or Congenital factors </li></ul><ul><li>Traumatic Brain Injury </li></ul><ul><li>Neurological dysfunctions </li></ul><ul><li>Auditory loss/processing disorders </li></ul>
  5. 5. Causes cont. <ul><li>Mental Retardation </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Impairments </li></ul><ul><li>Cerebral Palsy </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Severe/profound multiple disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Autism </li></ul><ul><li>Tourette Syndrome </li></ul>
  6. 6. Symptoms <ul><li>Repetition </li></ul><ul><li>Frustration </li></ul><ul><li>Head jerking </li></ul><ul><li>Eye blinking </li></ul><ul><li>Embarrassment </li></ul><ul><li>Pitch deviations </li></ul><ul><li>Quality and sound deviations </li></ul>
  7. 7. Symptoms cont. <ul><li>No meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Omit consonants </li></ul><ul><li>Omit sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Sound distortion </li></ul><ul><li>Substitution </li></ul>
  8. 8. Distinctions <ul><li>Speech Impairment </li></ul><ul><li>Language Impairment </li></ul>
  9. 9. On the look out… <ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Shy? </li></ul><ul><li>Peer interactions </li></ul>
  10. 10. Abilities of the Speech Impaired
  11. 11. Assessments <ul><li>Denver Articulation Screening Exam </li></ul><ul><li>Denver II </li></ul><ul><li>Early Language Milestone Scale </li></ul>
  12. 12. Interventions and IEP <ul><li>Early intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Speech Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Play </li></ul>
  13. 13. Assistive Technology <ul><li>Go Talk 9+ </li></ul><ul><li>Phrase Maker Communicator </li></ul>
  14. 14. AT outside of classroom <ul><li>Sitris </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.mysitris.com / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Speech to Speech </li></ul>
  15. 15. Summary <ul><li>Speech impairments cause disruption in speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Causes are various. </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms can include stuttering and other abnormal speech qualities. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many things we can do and very useful assistive devices available. </li></ul>
  16. 16. References <ul><li>Kirk, Samuel A., et al. Education Exceptional Children, 11 th Ed. Houghton Mifflin. New York, 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Costello, Janis M. Speech Disorders in Children. College-Hill Press. California, 1984. </li></ul><ul><li>New York Times </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/speech-disorders/overview.html </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Voice Problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.voiceproblem.org/pdfs/neurological_problems.pdf </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Community Discovery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://community.discovery.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Google </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://images.google.com </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Enabling Devices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>https://enablingdevices.com/catalog/assistive_technology_devices_used_in_education/communication-builders/phrase-maker-communicator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kids Health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/ears/central_auditory.html </li></ul></ul>

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