Deaf & Blind


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Deaf & Blind

  1. 1. Deaf/Blind Lealani Aflague ED443: Assistive Technology Dr. J. Cyrus November 24, 2008
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>What is deaf-blindness? </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on life </li></ul><ul><li>Assistive Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definition <ul><li>Combination of hearing and vision loss </li></ul><ul><li>Still have partial hearing or vision </li></ul><ul><li>No two individuals with deaf/blindness are the same </li></ul>
  4. 4. Causes <ul><li>Usher Syndrome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>*retinis pigmentosa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usher 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usher 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usher 3 </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Other causes <ul><li>Birth trauma </li></ul><ul><li>Optic nerve atrophy </li></ul><ul><li>Cataracts </li></ul><ul><li>Glaucoma </li></ul><ul><li>Macular degeneration </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetic retinopathy </li></ul><ul><li>Result of accident or illness </li></ul>
  6. 6. National Statistics <ul><li>United States Department of Education </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching Research Division at West Oregon State University </li></ul>
  7. 7. Impact on Life <ul><li>Communication and Language </li></ul><ul><li>Movement and Motor Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Cognition </li></ul><ul><li>Emotion and Social Interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Body Image and Self-Concept </li></ul>
  8. 8. Factors of Impact <ul><li>Age of onset </li></ul><ul><li>Degree or type of hearing and vision loss </li></ul><ul><li>Stability of each sensory loss </li></ul><ul><li>Educational intervention provided </li></ul>
  9. 9. Interventions <ul><li>Sign Language </li></ul><ul><li>Tactile sign language </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking </li></ul><ul><li>Tactile finger-spelling </li></ul>
  10. 10. More Interventions <ul><li>Print on Palm </li></ul><ul><li>Tadoma </li></ul><ul><li>Braille </li></ul><ul><li>Speech Reading </li></ul>
  11. 11. Assistive Technology <ul><li>Mobility canes </li></ul><ul><li>Closed circuit televisions </li></ul><ul><li>Braille </li></ul><ul><li>Text Telephones (TTY) </li></ul><ul><li>Braille watches </li></ul>
  12. 12. Accommodations <ul><li>Helen Keller National Center </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ to enable each person who is deaf-blind to live and work in his or her community of choice.” </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Other Organizations <ul><li>American Association on the Deaf-Blind </li></ul><ul><li>Florida Outreach Program </li></ul><ul><li>National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness </li></ul><ul><li>Deafblind UK </li></ul><ul><li>National Family Association for Deaf-Blind </li></ul>
  14. 14. Video Time!!!
  15. 15. Summary <ul><li>Deaf-blindness is a very complex disability that requires much attention and effort from the parents, caretakers, and other professional to better the lives of individuals with the disability. There are several causes of the disability, but none of those causes can be predicted. Early Intervention, as well as other interventions can prove to be extremely helpful in teaching the individual about life skills and other areas of development that may be hindering the person’s ability. There are many assistive devices that could help as well, but the most important factor for helping these people is dedication; and this dedication can be found in people working with various organizations focusing their efforts on the deaf-blind community. </li></ul>
  16. 16. References <ul><li>Robbins, Nan. Educational Beginnings with Deaf-Blind Children. Perkins Publications. Massachusetts, 1960. </li></ul><ul><li>Yoken, Carol. Living with Deaf-Blindness: nine profiles. The National Academy of Gallaudet College. Washington, D.C, 1979. </li></ul>
  17. 17. More references… <ul><li>California State Department of Education. Learning Steps: A Handbook for Persons Working with Deaf-Blind Children in Residential Settings. Office of State Printing. Sacramento, CA, 1976. </li></ul><ul><li>National Family Association for Deaf-Blind </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Yet more references… <ul><li>National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>American Association of the Deaf-Blind </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Florida Outreach Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>