Ouija Presentation


Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ouija Presentation

  1. 1. THE MYSTERY OF OUIJA BOARDS By Alia Griese & Leah Romm
  2. 2. History <ul><li>From 1890 to 1950 dozens of different manufacturers with names like Kennard, Fuld, Haskelite, and Lee, cranked out their unique versions of the Wonderful Talking Board. Some displayed fanciful images of pyramids, swamis, and strange, mystical places. Others were more akin to Halloween with pictures of black cats, witches, and devils. Some boards, cheaply made, were merely poor imitations of the more successful ones. Despite their popular appeal, most talking boards were used a couple of times, shelved, and eventually thrown away. This resulted in the tragic loss of a fascinating American art form. </li></ul>
  3. 3. &quot;Ouija knows all the answers. Weird and mysterious. Surpasses, in its unique results, mind reading, clairvoyance and second sight. It furnishes never failing amusement and recreation for the entire family. As unexplainable as Hindu magic—more intense and absorbingly interesting than a mystery story. Ouija gives you entertainment you have never experienced. It draws the two people using it into close companionship and weaves about them a feeling of mysterious isolation. Unquestionably the most fascinating entertainment for modern people and modern life.&quot; With these words, William Fuld (businessman, designer, toy maker, with no branch factories or offices) invites you, the American people, to enter the strange, twilight world of Ouija, the Wonderful Talking Board.
  4. 5. Theories Some believe spirits really can communicate with us through the Ouija board…others laugh and say the whole thing is a hoax. What do you think?
  5. 6. The Spiritualist Theory <ul><li>Spiritualist theorists believe: </li></ul><ul><li>Ouija messages obviously come from forces beyond our control. You contact or &quot;channel&quot; these entities through the board. They are discarnate spirits, ghosts, or other ethereal beings who have a purpose for contacting the living. </li></ul><ul><li>Many advocates of the Spiritualist Theory think that there is no harm in contacting the other realm because most spirits are basically benign and have important information to share. </li></ul><ul><li>A few of these same advocates will perform elaborate cleansing rituals before using the board, just in case they run into a “bad spirit.” </li></ul><ul><li>Other Spiritualist Theory supporters, often religious fundamentalists, believe that no one should ever use the Ouija board. Malevolent forces may masquerade as good and cause emotional damage, even death to the user of the board. They offer as proof the many accounts of spirit possession reported by &quot;experts&quot; on the occult and demonology. </li></ul>
  6. 8. The Automatism Theory <ul><li>The clinical term is &quot;ideomotor response.&quot; You may not realize that you are moving the message indicator, but you are. </li></ul><ul><li>This is similar to automatic writing, also known as automatism, a well-understood psychological phenomenon. A spirit medium, in years past, would hold a pencil in one hand and pay no attention as it wrote furiously. Some believed that these written messages came from the spirits. Others felt that the messages came from a clever medium. </li></ul><ul><li>At any rate, most proponents of the Automatism Theory think that it is very possible to move the planchette unconsciously. They claim that the Ouija board opens a kind of shortcut from the conscious to the subconscious mind. </li></ul><ul><li>Collective automatism occurs when more than one person is operating the board. </li></ul><ul><li>Automatists sometimes use the Ouija board as a tool for special humanistic psychotherapies as a way to foster growth by releasing ideas from the depths of the inner mind. This was particularly popular during the human-potential movement of the 1960s and 1970s. </li></ul><ul><li>And, after all, there’s no way so many authentic boards could be mass-produced and sold! </li></ul>
  7. 9. Ouija Board – Revealed! <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cma5Zn7xrWU </li></ul><ul><li>(start at 1:25) </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>In the end, debates are not likely to settle the matter in favor of either theory. </li></ul><ul><li>Science will continue to press for conclusive evidence in what is, essentially, a faith-based state of affairs. </li></ul><ul><li>For every argument one way, there is a counter to the contrary. For example, skeptics think that blindfolding or handcuffing a medium so that the board cannot operate proves the Automatism Theory. Spiritualists point out that this simply indicates that the board will not work if the medium is impaired, not whether the messages originate from the medium or the spirits. That the spirits need human eyes to see the letters, and human hands to touch the message indicator, is blatantly obvious, they will say. The planchette does not move unaided. The spirits guide it through the medium. The board has no power of its own but is just a tool to facilitate spiritual communication. </li></ul>
  9. 12. Ouija-stitions <ul><li>Never play alone! </li></ul><ul><li>If the planchette goes to the four corners of the board it means that you have contacted an evil spirit. </li></ul><ul><li>If the planchette falls from a Ouija board, a spirit will get loose. </li></ul><ul><li>If the planchette repeatedly makes a figure eight, it means that an evil spirit is in control of the board. </li></ul><ul><li>If you should get an evil spirit, quickly turn the planchette upside down and use it that way. </li></ul><ul><li>The board must be &quot;closed&quot; properly or evil spirits will remain behind to haunt the operator. </li></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>The spirit of the Ouija board creates &quot;wins&quot; for the user, causing him to become more and more dependent on the board. Addiction follows. This is called &quot;progressive entrapment.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Never use the Ouija in a graveyard or place where a terrible death has occurred or you will bring forth malevolent entities. </li></ul><ul><li>When using a glass as a message indicator, you must always cleanse it first by holding it over a burning candle. </li></ul><ul><li>Ouija boards that are disposed of improperly, come back to haunt the owner. </li></ul><ul><li>A Ouija Board will scream if you try to burn it. People who hear the scream have less than thirty-six hours to live. There is only one proper way to dispose of it: break the board into seven pieces, sprinkle it with Holy Water then bury it. </li></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>If you must use a Ouija board, make your own. Arrange the letters and numbers, into a circle so whatever is trapped within that circle can't escape. </li></ul><ul><li>If you place a pure silver coin on the board, no evil spirits will be able to come through. </li></ul><ul><li>NEVER leave the planchette on the board if you aren't using it. Three things never to ask a Ouija board:Never ask about God. Never ask when you are going to die. Never ask where the gold is buried. </li></ul>
  12. 15. Famous Ouija Stories – Nancy Bowen <ul><li>  Fall of 1929,  two Seneca Indian women: Nancy Bowen, 66, a tribal healer, and Lila Jimerson, 36, who worked at a reservation school, using Ouija board.The women wanted an explanation for the recent death of Bowen's husband, Charlie (Sassafras Charlie) Bowen, another Seneca healer. </li></ul><ul><li>Slowly, the board revealed a startling message from Sassafras Charlie: &quot;They killed me.&quot; </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>Who? &quot;Clothilde.&quot; It added the killer's address on Buffalo's Riley St. and her description - short, with bobbed hair and missing teeth. </li></ul><ul><li>Curiously, Jimerson said she was acquainted with a woman of that odd name: Clothilde Marchand, wife of Henri Marchand, 53, a Parisian sculptor and former student of Rodin who created nature dioramas for Buffalo's Science Museum. </li></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>March 7, 1930: Mrs. Marchand confronted by a stranger who accused her in broken English of being a witch. </li></ul><ul><li>Nancy Bowen pulled a hammer and beat down the Frenchwoman, then finished the job by stuffing chloroform-soaked paper down her throat. </li></ul><ul><li>But it turns out…that Jimerson was an unrequited lover who induced her naive friend to commit the crime so she could romance the sculptor. </li></ul>
  15. 18. Famous Ouija Stories – Mark Twain’s Unwritten Novel? <ul><li>Missouri writer Emily Grant Hutchings who, along with spiritualist Lola Hays, claimed to have communicated with the spirit of Mark Twain via the ouiji board in the composition of an &quot;after death&quot; manuscript titled  JAP HERRON . </li></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>Hutchings's  JAP HERRON  published in 1917 with a portrait of Mark Twain drawn by artist John Cecil Clay. A lengthy introduction to the book by Emily Grant Hutchings detailed how she and Lola Hays began receiving messages from Twain in 1915 using the Ouija board. </li></ul><ul><li>1917 - The New York Times  published a less than flattering review of  JAP HERRON . Shortly thereafter, Twain's surviving daughter Clara Clemens and Harper and Brothers publishers, who for seventeen years had owned the sole rights to Mark Twain's works, went to court to halt the publication. </li></ul>
  17. 20. More Ouija Stories <ul><li>The Bradbury Building looms bizarrely on the corner of Third and Broadway in the city of Los Angeles. It is an architectural marvel and Hollywood filmmakers adore it, filming within its walls such Film Noir classics as  DOA ,  Blade Runner , and  Seven . There is something about this building—something weird—something foreboding. Legend has it that George Wyman consulted his dead brother using a Ouija board before building it for Louis Bradbury in 1893. An apprentice architect, Wyman had little real experience and lacked confidence in his own abilities. His brother didn't, apparently, and spelled out this message during a Ouija session: &quot;Take Bradbury Building. It will make you famous.&quot; He did, and it did. </li></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>El Cerrito, California made the national news on March 7, 1920 with the headlines, WHOLE TOWN &quot;OUIJA MAD&quot;. Horrified police arrested seven people &quot;driven insane&quot; after using a Ouija board. One girl, only fifteen and found naked explained it was because she could &quot;communicate better with the spirits.&quot; In the following days, the madness spread to others in the town including one police officer who ripped off his clothes and ran hysterically into a local bank. Officials quickly held a town hall meeting and decided to bring in mental health professionals to examine the entire population of 1200. To prevent any future outbreak of &quot;ouijamania,&quot; they made the rational decision to ban Ouija boards from the city limits. </li></ul>
  19. 22. <ul><li>Iris Maloney won 1.4 million dollars in the California lottery after picking the winning numbers through her Ouija board. &quot;Hank isn't laughing at me anymore,&quot; chortled Iris, referring to her husband who had counseled her to throw the &quot;damn thing&quot; away. Waving a facsimile of the check in one hand and her Ouija board in the other, Iris posed for the obligatory photo session before a small group of photographers. &quot;I don't know if I will continue to use the Ouija,&quot; Iris commented. &quot;I'll probably hang it next to my needlepoint collection in our new home.&quot; Hank was still in the hospital recovering from the heart attack he suffered after hearing the news of his wife's success and was unavailable for comment. </li></ul>
  20. 23. <ul><li>At least two rock bands credit the Ouija board for their original sounding names. The band Cheap Trick visited a psychic's house and asked the board what they were having for dinner. The Ouija, perhaps a little hard of hearing or woozy from the smoke in the room, mistakenly thought the question was, &quot;WHO is coming to dinner?&quot; It spelled out, &quot;C-H-E-A-P-T-R-I-C-K&quot;. A more famous tale is that of group Alice Cooper who allegedly conjured the spirit of a 17th century witch with the same name during a Ouija session. So impressed were they that they decided the name would be perfect for the band. All, that is, except for one stubborn hold out who thought the idea stupid. There are so many variations of these name legends that it is impossible to ascertain their truthfulness. Even the band members are confused on the matter. </li></ul>