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# What is a pattern

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### What is a pattern

1. 1. What is a pattern? Teachnet 2005 Nicola Gardiner © 2005
2. 2. What is a pattern? <ul><li>A pattern relies upon three characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A single motif </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition of the motif </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A system of organisation </li></ul></ul>Nicola Gardiner © 2005
3. 3. Four main pattern techniques <ul><li>There are four basic ways that you can repeat a motif to create a pattern </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeats, half drop repeats, reflection and rotation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mathematicians call these repetitions “rigid motions” because the movements do not lead to any change of size or shape of the original motif. </li></ul>Nicola Gardiner © 2005
4. 4. Repeats <ul><li>This i s rigid motion where the motif is simply repeated over and over along horizontal and vertical lines </li></ul>Nicola Gardiner © 2005
5. 5. Half drop repeats <ul><li>This is a rigid motion where every other line of motifs is staggered. </li></ul>Nicola Gardiner © 2005
6. 6. Reflection <ul><li>Reflection is rigid motion where the original motif is reflected across a line or axis. </li></ul><ul><li>This creates a symmetrical pattern </li></ul>Nicola Gardiner © 2005
7. 7. Rotation <ul><li>Rotation is rigid motion where the original design is rotated around a single point </li></ul>Nicola Gardiner © 2005
8. 8. Rotation through different angles Nicola Gardiner © 2005 120 degree rotation 180 degree rotation 60 degree rotation 90 degree rotation
9. 9. Reflections and rotations Nicola Gardiner © 2005
10. 10. Other combinations Nicola Gardiner © 2005
11. 11. How many patterns can you make starting with a simple motif? Nicola Gardiner © 2005
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