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Policy Lab: Combating Vehicular Noise

Students seeking an MS degree in Urban Policy Analysis and Management are required to take "Laboratory in Issue Analysis".

This course is an applied policy-analysis experience in which students work together in teams of four or five to resolve a policy issue for a public or nonprofit decision-maker, in this case, a report issued to Councilwoman Gale Brewer.

Learn more here: http://www.newschool.edu/milano/subpage.aspx?id=19652

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Policy Lab: Combating Vehicular Noise

  1. 1. Citizen’s Committeefor New York City: Combating Vehicular Noise <br />Olivia Fru<br />Chandler Griffith<br />Angelina Lopez<br />Minerva Muzquiz<br />Kelly Singer<br />
  2. 2. Central Policy Issue<br />What strategies can Citizens Committee for New York City (CCNYC) recommend to residents to increase community group involvement in combating vehicular noise in New York City? <br />
  3. 3. Objective<br />To devise a strategy that will:<br />Effectively mobilize community resources to minimize vehicular noise pollution<br />Be executable by resident-led efforts<br />Adhere to the mission of CCNYC<br />
  4. 4. Recommendation<br />CCNYC should recommend:<br /> the creation of a Social Networking Website to engage residents and establish a platform where they can learn about noise pollution in their neighborhood, document noise, and organize based on location and interest<br />
  5. 5. Agenda<br />Kelly<br />Introduction<br />What strategies can Citizens Committee for New York City (CCNYC) recommend to community groups?<br />Methodology and Assumptions <br /><ul><li>Analysis of Vehicular Noise in New York City
  6. 6. Vehicular noise is a unique quality of life issue for New Yorkers
  7. 7. Measures of Evaluation, Strategies and Analysis of Noise Code
  8. 8. Enforcement of vehicular noise complaints is not an agency priority
  9. 9. Explanation of Strategies for Community Groups
  10. 10. Our strategies focused on bringing awareness to behavior to combat vehicular noise
  11. 11. Analysis of Strategies, Recommendation, Next Steps
  12. 12. Create a Social Networking Website to engage residents and establish a organizational platform </li></ul>Minnie <br />Angelina <br />Chandler <br />Olivia <br />
  13. 13. Research Methodology<br />Reviewed current legislation to understand Noise Code regulations and policies<br />Analyzed agency data to determine most frequent vehicular noise complaints<br />Interviewed city department officials regarding legislation and enforcement policy <br />Researched best practices in community organizing and for mitigating noise pollution<br />Established measures of evaluation in accordance with CCNYC’s mission<br /><ul><li>Evaluated strategies to be implemented by a community group</li></li></ul><li>Assumptions <br />An increase in 3-1-1 complaints does not correspond with greater enforcement of noise code violations <br />Because 3-1-1 does not differentiate between different types of vehicular noise, we cross-referenced various types of enforceable noise with a public opinion survey <br />Scope and size of projects to be implemented is dependent on the resources and capacity of various community groups<br />
  14. 14. Agenda<br />Kelly <br />Introduction<br />What strategies can Citizens Committee for New York City (CCNYC) recommend to community groups?<br />Methodology and Assumptions <br /><ul><li>Analysis of Vehicular Noise in New York City
  15. 15. Vehicular noise is a unique quality of life issue for New Yorkers
  16. 16. Measures of Evaluation, Strategies and Analysis of Noise Code
  17. 17. Enforcement of vehicular noise complaints is not an agency priority
  18. 18. Explanation of Strategies for Community Groups
  19. 19. Our strategies focused on bringing awareness to behavior to combat vehicular noise
  20. 20. Analysis of Strategies, Recommendation, Next Steps
  21. 21. Create a Social Networking Website to engage residents and establish a organizational platform </li></ul>Minnie <br />Angelina <br />Chandler <br />Olivia <br />
  22. 22. Noise is unwanted sound <br />Note: The decibel scale is not a simple, linear scale. An increase of ten on the decibel scale corresponds to the intensity of sound increasing by a factor of ten. For example, a sound that registers 80 decibels is ten times the intensity of one at 70 decibels. <br />
  23. 23. Vehicular Noise exceeds standard safety threshold <br />Car Stereo<br />Car Alarm<br />Motorcycle<br />dBA measurement<br />Horn Honking<br />Truck<br />Busy Street<br />Highway<br />Source: Center for Hearing and Communication<br />
  24. 24. Vehicular noise is a unique quality of life issue and greater nuisance for New Yorkers than to residents nationwide<br />Never Rarely Sometimes Often <br />Source: Bronzaft and Van Ryzin, “Neighborhood Noise and Its Consequences” <br />
  25. 25. 3-1-1 noise complaints are an indicator of public response, but do not indicate actual noise levels<br />The Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications (DOITT) categorizes vehicular noise complaints as:<br /><ul><li> horn honking
  26. 26. engine idling
  27. 27. loud music or stereo</li></ul>Source: NYC DOITT<br />
  28. 28. Agenda<br />Kelly <br />Introduction<br />What strategies can Citizens Committee for New York City (CCNYC) recommend to community groups?<br />Methodology and Assumptions <br /><ul><li>Analysis of Vehicular Noise in New York City
  29. 29. Vehicular noise is a unique quality of life issue for New Yorkers
  30. 30. Measures of Evaluation, Strategies and Analysis of Noise Code
  31. 31. Enforcement of vehicular noise complaints is not an agency priority
  32. 32. Explanation of Strategies for Community Groups
  33. 33. Our strategies focused on bringing awareness to behavior to combat vehicular noise
  34. 34. Analysis of Strategies, Recommendation, Next Steps
  35. 35. Create a Social Networking Website to engage residents and establish a organizational platform </li></ul>Minnie <br />Angelina <br />Chandler <br />Olivia <br />
  36. 36. CCNYC is invested in empowering residents to improve the quality of life in their neighborhoods <br />CCNYC “stimulates and supports self-help and civic action”:<br />Award bi-annual grants, ranging from $500 to $3,000<br />Projects are resident-led and volunteer-based<br />Projects expected to be implemented in 3 to 6 months<br />
  37. 37. Our proposed strategies are designed to enable community groups to combat vehicular noise <br />Maintain status quo of referring to 3-1-1 system <br />Create a Public Awareness Campaign to educate residents on the effects of noise pollution<br />Launch a Cell-phone Application to collect, record and store noise code violations <br />Offer Workshops on Noise pollution and Legislative Petitioning to mobilize residents<br />Establish a Social Networking Website to engage residents and create a base for community action<br />
  38. 38. Measures of Evaluation are in accordance with CCNYC’s grant requirements<br />
  39. 39. Noise Code:Existing policy for sustaining healthy ambient levels in New York City<br />A revised Noise Code was signed into law in 2005, aiming to creating greater city-wide compliance with the code <br />The revision was the first major overhaul in 30 years<br />Goals of Noise Code:<br />Protect public health and welfare<br />Foster convenience and comfort of residents <br />Prevent Injury to human, plant and animal Life<br />
  40. 40. Noise Code:Vehicle regulations applies only in areas where speed limit is 35 MPH or less<br />Horn honking is not permitted, except as a warning in situations of “imminent danger” <br />Code prohibits excessive sound from muffler, exhaust or stereo of vehicles operating on public right of way<br />Excessive sound is defined as :<br />
  41. 41. Noise Code Enforcement:Vehicular noise violations are not an agency priority<br />Jurisdiction of the commissioner of the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP)<br />Noise complaints are received via NYC 3-1-1 phone system<br />Vehicular noise complaints are transferred to local police precinct for investigation<br />Source: NYC Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications<br />
  42. 42. Agenda<br />Kelly <br />Introduction<br />What strategies can Citizens Committee for New York City (CCNYC) recommend to community groups?<br />Methodology and Assumptions <br /><ul><li>Analysis of Vehicular Noise in New York City
  43. 43. Vehicular noise is a unique quality of life issue for New Yorkers
  44. 44. Measures of Evaluation, Strategies and Analysis of Noise Code
  45. 45. Enforcement of vehicular noise complaints is not an agency priority
  46. 46. Explanation of Strategies for Community Groups
  47. 47. Our strategies focused on bringing awareness to behavior to combat vehicular noise
  48. 48. Analysis of Strategies, Recommendation, Next Steps
  49. 49. Create a Social Networking Website to engage residents and establish a organizational platform </li></ul>Minnie <br />Angelina <br />Chandler <br />Olivia <br />
  50. 50. Public Awareness Campaign: Educates residents on noise pollution effects<br />Best Practices from Anti-Smoking Campaigns<br />Quality of Life<br />PublicHealth<br />
  51. 51. Public Awareness Campaign:<br />Targets a wide audience <br />Successful public awareness campaign follow these guidelines:<br />Research, write, translate set of talking points<br />Draft press release <br />Pitch 15 media outlets<br />Secure 3 to 4 stories<br />Media Monitoring<br />Answer queries from editors/producers<br /> A campaign would focus on promoting quality of life issues: <br />Public Safety <br />Peace and Quiet <br />
  52. 52. Public Awareness Campaign:Fails to offer opportunities for citizen action<br />
  53. 53. Cell Phone Application: Make social ills visible and tangible<br />App uses heat-map technology to display graffiti data.<br />http://rentsleuth.com/<br />
  54. 54. Cell Phone Application: Maps complaints and tracks resolutions <br />App uses cell phone technology to all users to upload graffiti incident reports, photos and videos. Utilizes Google maps and geographic tagging.<br />http://graffiti.fanz.in/new-york<br />
  55. 55. Cell Phone Application:Empowers residents to collect and disseminate noise data<br />Noise Application<br />Heat-map display to visually represent vehicular noise violations<br />User generated and interactive<br />Temporal and geographic tagging to track trends in noise<br />Option 1: Hire professional software developer to create new application<br />Option 2: Freelance web developer to create a website that will leverage existing Applications<br />
  56. 56. Cell Phone Application: Requires high degree of expertiseand/or cost may exceed grant allowance <br />
  57. 57. Vehicular Noise Pollution Workshops: <br />Are informative, engaging and adaptable <br />
  58. 58. Legislative Petitioning Workshops: Empower citizens to enact change<br />Agenda<br />Neighborhood<br />Listen<br />Add your personal message here. <br />Get NYPD and DOITT to incorporate noise complaints on 3-1-1 Online! <br />Currently, the 3-1-1 online and cell phone application features are not opened to noise complaints. <br />We need your help to open the lines of communication to better enforce vehicular noise.<br />Recipients:<br /><ul><li> NYPD Commissioner Ray Kelly
  59. 59. DOITT Commissioner Carole Post </li></ul>Source: Human Rights Campaign <br />
  60. 60. Noise Pollution and Legislative Petitioning Workshops: Fail to maximize community engagement<br />
  61. 61. Social Networking Website:Uses existing platforms to engage a wide and growing audience <br />
  62. 62. Social Networking Website: Is a platform for community organizing<br />
  63. 63. Social Networking Website: Fosters long-term engagement of members<br />
  64. 64. Social Networking Website: Is self-sustaining and provides for virtually unlimited growth<br />
  65. 65. Agenda<br />Kelly <br />Introduction<br />What strategies can Citizens Committee for New York City (CCNYC) recommend to community groups?<br />Methodology and Assumptions <br /><ul><li>Analysis of Vehicular Noise in New York City
  66. 66. Vehicular noise is a unique quality of life issue for New Yorkers
  67. 67. Measures of Evaluation, Strategies and Analysis of Noise Code
  68. 68. Enforcement of vehicular noise complaints is not an agency priority
  69. 69. Explanation of Strategies for Community Groups
  70. 70. Our strategies focused on bringing awareness to behavior to combat vehicular noise
  71. 71. Analysis of Strategies, Recommendation, Next Steps
  72. 72. Create a Social Networking Website to engage residents and establish a organizational platform </li></ul>Minnie <br />Angelina <br />Chandler <br />Olivia<br />
  73. 73. Analysis <br />
  74. 74. Recommendation<br />CCNYC should recommend:<br /> the creation of a Social Networking Website to engage residents and establish a platform where they can learn about noise pollution in their neighborhood, document noise, and organize based on location and interest<br />
  75. 75. Potential Next Steps for CCNYC<br />Develop internal criteria for technology-based grant applications <br />Establish a grant budget for projects <br />Publicize the issue of vehicular noise and potential grant opportunities <br />To community groups <br />To potential funders <br />
  76. 76. Citizen’s Committeefor New York City: Enforcing the Noise Code<br />Olivia Fru<br />Chandler Griffith<br />Angelina Lopez<br />Minerva Muzquiz<br />Kelly Singer<br />
  77. 77. Ambient noise level in NYC<br />Source: New York City Noise Code<br />*Standards are based on measurements for any one hour<br />
  78. 78. Noise as a Public Health Issue<br /><ul><li>Short-term Effects
  79. 79. Noised induced hearing loss (NIHL)
  80. 80. Annoyance
  81. 81. Aggression
  82. 82. Long-term Effects
  83. 83. Sleep apnea
  84. 84. Stress
  85. 85. Cardiovascular disease and hypertension
  86. 86. "Calling noise a nuisance is like calling smog an inconvenience. Noise must be considered a hazard to the health of people everywhere.” – Dr. William H. Stewart, former U.S. Surgeon General </li></li></ul><li>Public Health Continue<br />Source: Bronzaft and Van Ryzin, “Neighborhood Noise and Its Consequences” <br />
  87. 87. Social Media Statistics <br />Strategy 3:Social Networking<br />By 2010, Generation Y (10-28 year olds) will outnumber both the Baby Boomer generation and Generation X. 96% of them have joined a social networking site1<br />Facebook has over 400 million users2<br />If Facebook were a country it would be the world’s 3rd largest3<br />Sources: Millenials Conference; Facebook; WorldAtlas.com<br />
  88. 88. Strategy 3:takeaway<br />Social Media Stat cont..<br />Facebook added 100 million users in less than 9 months2<br />iPhone applications hit 1 billion in 9 months3<br />Sources: United Nations CyberSchoolBus; Facebook; Apple <br />

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