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The Connection Machine


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A talk given at the STM Innovations seminar in December 2006.

The talk provides a fleeting history of hypertext and suggests that many recent innovations in web technology were pre-dated by early hypertext research, and hence this proves to be fertile territory for looking for new directions. The presentation also suggests how publishers can be "Good hypertext publishers" and promotes the idea of "deep web integration".

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The Connection Machine

  1. 1. The Connection Machine Leigh Dodds, Ingenta STM Innovations, Dec 2006
  2. 2. A Fleeting History of Hypertext
  3. 3. The Bookwheel Le diverse et artifiose machine Agostino Ramelli, 1588
  4. 5. [B]y " hypertext " I mean non-sequential writing -- text that branches and allows choices to the reader, best read at an interactive screen -- Ted Nelson, Literary Machines
  5. 6. The Web as an Hypertext Application
  6. 7. Links Didn't Break
  7. 9.
  8. 12.
  9. 13. Electronic Graffiti Annotating & Commenting
  10. 22. Bi-Directional Linking a.k.a “Who is linking to this page?”
  11. 23. link:
  12. 25. Back Link Implementations <ul><li>Scholarly Research: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CrossRef Forward Citations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IngentaConnect Forward Citations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Scholar “Cited By” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blogging: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trackback, Pingback, and Referrer Tracking </li></ul></ul>
  13. 26. Other Hypertext Features <ul><li>One-to-Many Links (“Fat Links”) </li></ul><ul><li>Source Tracking & </li></ul><ul><li>Document Comparisons </li></ul><ul><li>Transclusions (“Deep quotability”) </li></ul><ul><li>Rich multimedia , interactive content </li></ul><ul><li>Navigation maps </li></ul><ul><li>Can be implemented in client-side Javascript and CSS </li></ul><ul><li>Support in Wikis that track versions and support viewing differences </li></ul><ul><li>Limited support, e.g. Links to images and other media; “Purple Numbers” & PurpleWiki; hInclude </li></ul><ul><li>Mapping, Timelines, Calendaring, Video blogging </li></ul><ul><li>Site maps, Treemaps, Tag clouds, Grokker </li></ul>
  14. 27. Upgrading Your Browser = Upgrading The Web
  15. 28. Upgrading Your Browser = Upgrading The Web Greasemonkey
  16. 29. Open Data Enables New Connections
  17. 31. The Babel Problem
  18. 32. The Silo Problem
  19. 34. Link Typing
  20. 36. Being a Good Hypertext Publisher
  21. 37. Practical Advice <ul><li>Add More Links </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authors and Data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Embrace Deep Linking </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Up Your URLs </li></ul><ul><li>Promote Browser Extensions </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid An Arms Race </li></ul><ul><li>Embrace Open Data </li></ul>
  22. 38. Microformats Embedding Metadata for Machines into Pages for Humans
  23. 42. Summary <ul><li>The Web is an Hypertext Application </li></ul><ul><li>Deep web integration increases usability </li></ul><ul><li>Publish Good Hypertext </li></ul><ul><li>Microformats deliver low cost Open Data </li></ul>
  24. 43. Contact & Links <ul><li>Mail Me : </li></ul><ul><li>Browse the Links : </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>