Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Political Parties Iii

4,297 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

Political Parties Iii

  1. 1. Political Parties <ul><li>What is the difference between the Republicans and the Democrats? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are political parties important in a democracy? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does the US only have two viable parties? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Voter Behavior
  3. 3. Political Socialization <ul><li>Source of political beliefs and attitudes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Family and the Social Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaders’ Influence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Great Depression </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>60’s and the Vietnam War Era </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. What are political parties? <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually by participating in electoral campaigns. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parties often support a certain ideology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subgroups interests are integrated </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. George Washington <ul><li>“ Baneful effects of the spirit of party.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Constitution <ul><li>Says nothing about political parties. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Founding fathers felt parties were wicked and corrupt. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Did not want parties to control politics. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Did not want to pervade the entire country and create factions. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Institutional Constraints on Political Parties <ul><li>Structure and Strength of Parties: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Majoritarian or Proportional Representation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>History </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presidential or Parliamentary System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laws and Constitution </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Theory: Lipset and Rokkan <ul><li>Theory on Political Cleavages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parties that were formed in the aftermath of political, religious, and economic revolutions are frozen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>State vs. Church </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Worker vs. Owner </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Land vs. Industry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Center vs. Periphery (Fed vs. State) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These have and will continue to exist in the political arena despite new issues and challenges. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Today’s Major US Political Parties and Ideology <ul><li>Republican Party (GOP)- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Considered the more socially conservative and economically neoliberal. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laissez-Faire Economics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Party Chairman- Ken Mehlman </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Democratic Party- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Considered more socially liberal and economically interventionist. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Party Chairman- Howard Dean </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. US Parties: First Party System (before 1824) American Revolution <ul><li>Federalist </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by Hamilton </li></ul><ul><li>Anti federalist </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by Jefferson </li></ul>Jackson split into a Democratic party Adams remained in the Republican party, but latter called the Whigs
  11. 11. US Parties: First Party System (before 1824) <ul><li>Federalist and Ant federalist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Before the adoption of the Constitution, groups formed around either supporting or opposing its ratification. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Significance of parties grew in the second presidential election. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transformation of nascent party platforms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federalist- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial Interest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strong Federal Government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-federalist became Republicans (Democratic-Republicans) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Artisans and farmers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>States rights </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. US Parties: The Feel Good Era Consolidation of US Government Republicans Jackson split into a Democratic party Adams remained in the Republican party, but latter called the Whigs
  13. 13. The Era of Feel Good <ul><li>Transformation of two party system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most people votes Republican. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual collapse of the Federalist party by 1816 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No opposition party, so internal fighting. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Republican Platform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Still opposed federalist ideas of big central govt, but the US govt acquired Lo. And Fl. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established national bank </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. US Parties: Second Party System (1824–1854) Prelude to Civil War Democrats : Jackson Whig party (National Republicans ) Southern Whigs ceased to exist (dealigned) Lincoln’s Republican party: Northern Whigs realigned, and united with antislavery Democrats and radical antislavery Free Soil party
  15. 15. Parties: Second Party System (1824–1854) <ul><li>Republican Split </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The “era of personal politics” created faction in Republican party, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adams altered the name to National Republicans. Later became the Whigs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jackson formed the Democratic Party </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Platforms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whigs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Federal spending on infrastructure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democrats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Liberty </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunity for the common man (only white man) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. US Parties: Third Party System: Civil War and Post Civil War (1854–1896) <ul><li>Slavery split parties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whigs split </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Realignment- Northern industrialist merged with antislavery democrats and Free Soil party to form the Modern Republican Party (anti-slavery party) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dealignment- Southern Planters felt that a strong federal govt could also free slaves, so party cease to exist </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. US Parties: Third Party System: Post Civil War (1854–1896) Post Civil War <ul><ul><li>Democrats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dominated the white south for </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>decades </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Republicans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protestant curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited/prohibited the sale of alcohol </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. US Parties: Third Party System: Post Civil War (1854–1896) <ul><li>Stronger Republicans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong federal government to promote business and economic growth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impose evangelical Protestant morals on society. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Republican merged urban dwellers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Southern Democrats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After Civil War, white southern feared that strong Republicans will make them treats blacks fairly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democrats merge Populist party </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. US Parties: Fourth Party System/ Progressive Era (1896–1932) Industrial Revolution <ul><ul><li>Democrats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Republicans </li></ul></ul>1912 split : T. Roosevelt ran on the Bull Moose Ticket
  20. 20. US Parties: Fourth Party System/ Progressive Era (1896–1932) <ul><li>Republican split </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teddy Roosevelt created splinter party (Bull Moose Party) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Split the Republican Vote, so Wilson was able to win </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wilson’s Democrats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Radical Change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Govt. manipulation of the economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Progressive philosophy except for African Americans. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. New Deal/Fifth Party System (1932–1964) Depression and New Deal <ul><ul><li>Democrats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Republicans </li></ul></ul>60’s Democrats split from economic and social Conservatives in south into republican base 60’s social progressives African Americans remained Democrats
  22. 22. New Deal/Fifth Party System (1932–1964) <ul><li>Democrats greater transformation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Major intervention in the economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Deal relief available to both whites and blacks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Republicans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Little government intervention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Let private groups help </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Function of Political Parties <ul><li>To mobilize the public in an organization </li></ul><ul><li>Organize and run elections </li></ul><ul><li>Recruit Candidates (strategy: TO WIN) </li></ul><ul><li>Presenting alternative policies </li></ul><ul><li>Accepting responsibility for the operation of govt. (advocating party agenda) </li></ul><ul><li>Acting as opposition to party in power </li></ul>
  24. 24. Soft Money Raised by Parties, 1993-2002
  25. 25. Parties: Party Structure <ul><li>National Level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pres. controls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Convention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Party Chairperson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Committee </li></ul></ul><ul><li>State level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Governor controls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Conventions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State party chairperson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Party Boss </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local Level (Grassroots) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>County Committee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>County Chairperson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>District Leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Precinct or ward captains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Party Workers </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Primary Elections <ul><li>Candidates official nomination process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All parties will select their candidate for the general election </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Presidential, Gubernatorial, Congressional, Senate candidates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Any contested seat within party </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Front-Loading: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>State determines the date for its primary (NH) or caucus (IW) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Early primaries are more influential </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>States compete to schedule their primaries as early as possible </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Parties in Action <ul><li>Meetings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quadrennial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nominate presidential candidate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reveals party platform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduces new and upcoming stars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishes party momentum </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides funding for candidates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whips legislators </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Finances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fund raising </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Political Cartoon
  29. 29. Accountability to the Voters <ul><li>Presidential and Parliamentary Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Viable third parties </li></ul>
  30. 30. Role of the Citizen
  31. 31. Quiz <ul><li>How did Josh keep party members in line with the party’s platform and agenda? </li></ul>
  32. 32. Quiz <ul><li>Why are political parties essential to Democracy? And what tools do parties use to satisfy their members? </li></ul>
  33. 33. Political Cartoon

×