Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Images Chap08hahn8e


Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Images Chap08hahn8e

  1. 1. Chapter Eight Taking Control of Alcohol Use
  2. 2. Alcohol Use Patterns <ul><li>Abstainers – don’t drink </li></ul><ul><li>Infrequent drinkers – once a month (small amounts) </li></ul><ul><li>Light drinkers – once a month to 3-4 times a month </li></ul><ul><li>Moderate drinkers – once a week </li></ul>85-90% of college students drink
  3. 3. Alcohol Use Patterns (cont’d) <ul><li>Moderate/heavy drinkers – drink once a week, medium amounts </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy drinkers – drink once a week, large amounts </li></ul><ul><li>Binge drinkers – consume 5 drinks in one sitting (i.e.weekend drinker) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Negative consequences of alcohol use as reported by college students
  5. 5. Nature of Alcoholic Beverages <ul><li>Consumable form of alcohol – ethyl </li></ul><ul><li>Fermentation: process where sugars are converted into alcohol by yeast </li></ul><ul><li>Proof: alcohol concentration that is twice the percentage </li></ul>Alcohol is a depressant
  6. 6. Factors that Affect Alcohol Absorption <ul><li>Strength of the beverage </li></ul><ul><li>Number of drinks consumed </li></ul><ul><li>Speed of consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Presence of food </li></ul><ul><li>Body chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>Race/ Ethnicity </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul>
  7. 7. Blood Alcohol Concentration <ul><li>Percentage of alcohol in a measured amount of blood </li></ul><ul><li>Measured from exhaled breath or blood sample </li></ul>
  8. 8. Blood Alcohol Concentration (cont’d) <ul><li>At .10% = physical impairment </li></ul><ul><li>At .20% = uncontrollable movement </li></ul><ul><li>At .40% = coma and possible death </li></ul>
  9. 9. Alcohol Related Health Problems
  10. 10. First Aid for Acute Alcohol Intoxication <ul><li>The following are considered warning signs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weak, rapid pulse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unconscious stupor = shock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cool and damp skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skin color is bluish or pale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involuntary regurgitation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seek medical assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lie person on their side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor breathing and pulse rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure the head is lower than their body </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome <ul><li>Fetus is exposed to alcohol in a slower manner than an adult </li></ul><ul><li>Damage results in mental retardation </li></ul><ul><li>Low birth weight, facial abnormalities, widely spaced eyes, and a much smaller head. </li></ul><ul><li>Full expression rate: 1-3 out of 1000 births </li></ul>
  12. 12. Alcohol-Related Social Problems <ul><li>Accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Motor vehicle collisions </li></ul><ul><li>Falls </li></ul><ul><li>Drowning </li></ul><ul><li>Fires and Burns </li></ul><ul><li>Crime and Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide </li></ul>
  13. 13. Organizations that Support Responsible Drinking <ul><li>Mothers Against Drunk Drivers (MADD) </li></ul><ul><li>Students Against Destructive Decisions (SADD) </li></ul><ul><li>BACCHUS and GAMMA Peer Education Network </li></ul>
  14. 14. Problem Drinking and Alcoholism <ul><li>Problem drinking – alcohol pattern where the behavior creates personal difficulties or difficulties for others </li></ul><ul><li>Alcoholism – chronic disease due to uncontrolled consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Blackout - a temporary state of amnesia experience by a drinker </li></ul>
  15. 15. Problem Drinking and Alcoholism (cont’d) <ul><li>Co-dependence – relationships that support an alcoholic </li></ul><ul><li>Denial – unconscious process of using defense mechanism to avoid admitting a problem </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling – supporting an alcoholic by also denying their problem </li></ul>
  16. 16. Treatment for Alcoholism <ul><li>Rehab centers </li></ul><ul><li>Hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>Medication </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Support groups </li></ul>
  17. 17. Current Alcohol Concerns <ul><li>Adult Children of Alcoholic Parents </li></ul><ul><li>Women and Alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol Advertising </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol Advertising in Ethnic Communities </li></ul>
  18. 18. Chapter Eight Taking Control of Alcohol Use