Images Chap01hahn8e

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Images Chap01hahn8e

  1. 1. Chapter One: Shaping Your Health
  2. 2. Definitions of Health <ul><li>Episodic: seeking medical treatment during episodes when ill or injured </li></ul><ul><li>Preventive Medicine: identifying risk factors to lower the risk of illness </li></ul><ul><li>Morbidity: Pertaining to illness and disease </li></ul><ul><li>Mortality: Pertaining to death </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Health Promotion? <ul><li>Movement in which knowledge, practices, and values are transmitted to people for use in: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Longer and better quality of life </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing incidence of illness </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Feeling better </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Individual vs. Community Health Promotion <ul><li>Individual focuses upon risk reduction that doesn’t always emphasize the reduction of chronic illness </li></ul><ul><li>Community places emphasis on a group centered concept to promote empowerment </li></ul><ul><li>Empowerment: gain more self control over one’s health perspective (i.e., drug prevention within communities at risk) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Healthy People 2010 <ul><li>Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the quality and years of life </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate health disparities in areas such as gender, race, ethnicity, income and education level. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Why Behavior Change is Difficult <ul><li>Factors that influence a person to change health behaviors. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Behavior must be associated with a health problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The belief must exist that the behavior causes the health problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The knowledge that risk prevention-intervention programs exist and can be effective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The belief that a new behavior can justify the change of old behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The belief that people who care about them will be accepting of such changes </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Stages of Change <ul><li>Prochaska et al. (1994) demonstrated the following 6 stages to accomplish change of health behaviors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-contemplation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contemplation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Termination </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Today’s College Students <ul><li>Traditional (early adults = 66%) </li></ul><ul><li>Non-traditional (older adults) </li></ul><ul><li>Minority groups (numbers increasing) </li></ul><ul><li>Disabled population (9.3%) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Developmental Tasks of Young Adults
  10. 10. Related Developmental Tasks of Young Adulthood <ul><li>Obtaining entry-level employment </li></ul><ul><li>Development of parenting skills </li></ul>
  11. 11. Multiple Dimensions of Health <ul><li>Physical </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional </li></ul><ul><li>Spiritual </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual </li></ul><ul><li>Holistic health: A requirement of health that moves beyond the cure/prevention of illness and the postponement of death </li></ul>
  12. 12. What is Wellness? <ul><li>A form of health promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Uses assessments and information </li></ul><ul><li>Develops boundaries of health beyond mortality/morbidity </li></ul><ul><li>Unlocks an individual’s full potential at discovering a positive lifestyle </li></ul>
  13. 13. A New Definition of Health <ul><li>A view less centered on the concepts of mortality and morbidity </li></ul><ul><li>Two areas of differences to focus upon: </li></ul><ul><li>1) The Role of Health (process of transitions) </li></ul><ul><li>2) The Composition of Health </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intrinsic resources </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Extrinsic resources </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Chapter One: Shaping Your Health

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