Education Policy


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Education Policy

  1. 1. Education Policy <ul><li>What is the No Child Left Behind Policy? </li></ul><ul><li>What ideas support NCLB? </li></ul><ul><li>Has it worked in improving US Education? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Institutions <ul><li>The Executive Branch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>President </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Labour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The 670 page act was passed by Congress and signed by the president on January 8, 2002. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Committee on Education and Workforce </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Ideas <ul><li>Market Forces: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Privatization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brown vs. Board of Education: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government needs to insure equal opportunity for all </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equal Education levels the playing field </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Interests <ul><li>Teachers Unions </li></ul><ul><li>Textbook publishers </li></ul><ul><li>Principal Associations </li></ul><ul><li>PTA </li></ul><ul><li>ACLU </li></ul>
  5. 5. Bush’s No Child Left Behind Policy <ul><li>Provisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adequate Yearly Progress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All students must be proficient by the 2013-2014 school year. Schools receiving Title I funds that do not meet AYP requirements for two consecutive years will be identified &quot;in need of improvement&quot; . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher Quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By the end of the 2005-2006 school year, all teachers will be &quot;highly qualified“. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student Testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Progress of all students will be measured annually in reading and math in grades 3 through 8 and at least once during high school. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By the end of the 2007-2008 school year, testing will also be conducted in science once during grades 3-5, 6-9, and 10-12. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Bush’s No Child Left Behind Policy <ul><li>Parent Involvement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>States are required to issue detailed report cards on the status of schools and districts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents must also be informed when their child is being taught by a teacher who does not meet &quot;highly qualified&quot; status. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools are also required to include and involve parents in the school improvement planning process. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scientifically Based Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools are required to use &quot;scientifically based research&quot; strategies in the classroom and for professional development of staff. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research includes only a small portion of the total research conducted in the field of education and related fields. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research must involve large quantitative studies using control groups as opposed to partially or entirely qualitative or ethnographic studies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public School Choice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools identified as needing improvement are required to provide opportunities for transfer within the district. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Policy Evaluation <ul><li>Has it worked? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading and Math Achievement: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>According to the National Assessment of Educational Progress, among 12th graders 17% of Whites are reading below the basic level of competency, compared to 43% of Blacks, 36% of Hispanics, 35% of American Indian/Alaska Natives, and 25% of Asian American/Pacific Islanders. NAEP scores for 12 grade math show even larger racial and ethnic disparities, with 20% of Whites scoring below basic compared to 70% of Blacks and 58% of Hispanics. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Policy Evaluation <ul><li>Has it worked? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to High Quality Teachers: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In California, the proportion of unqualified teaching faculty is 6.75 times higher in high-minority schools (greater than 90% minority enrollment) than in low-minority schools (less than 30% minority enrollment). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Nationally, in schools with the highest minority enrollments, students have been found to have less than a 50 percent chance of getting a mathematics or science teacher with a license and a degree in the field that they teach.&quot; </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Policy Evaluation <ul><li>Has it worked? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Graduation Rates: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A study of 35 of our nation's largest urban districts (covering over 600 schools) revealed that in over 300 schools, 50% or more of the students enrolled in 9th grade failed to graduate by the time their cohort completed 12th grade. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Another 100 schools had rates approaching the 50% failure rate. Most of these districts had high percentages of minority students, and more than half of the weakest schools had at least 90% minority enrollment. </li></ul></ul></ul>