I. British legacy <ul><li>A.  13 English Colonies (1687-1776) </li></ul><ul><li>1.  established </li></ul><ul><li>a.  soug...
II.  Road to Revolution <ul><li>A.  Colonist grievances </li></ul><ul><li>1.  taxation without representation </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>B. Intolerable Acts- </li></ul><ul><li>1) quartering of soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>2) shut down ports to prevent o...
<ul><li>C. Colonists respond </li></ul><ul><li>1.  First Continental Congress (1774) </li></ul><ul><li>a) colonies agreed ...
<ul><li>2.  Second Continental Congress (1776) </li></ul><ul><li>a) establish an army by uniting militias  under George Wa...
<ul><li>Declaration of independence (1776) </li></ul><ul><li>summary </li></ul><ul><li>a) authored by Thomas Jefferson </l...
III. Creating a new Govt <ul><li>Articles of Confederation (1777) </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Strengths </li></ul><ul><li>a)  st...
<ul><li>2.  Weaknesses </li></ul><ul><li>a) lacked a chief executive </li></ul><ul><li>b) did not have the power to tax  c...
<ul><li>e)  amendments to the articles required unanimity </li></ul><ul><li>f) lacked the power to collect state debt </li...
IV. Constitutional Convention-1787 <ul><li>A. Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>1. Revise the Articles of Confederation </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Competing Plans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virginia plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Jersey Plan </li></ul></ul><ul>...
V. Principles of  US Democracy  <ul><li>A.  Necessary elements </li></ul><ul><li>1. Fundamental worth of individuals </li>...
VI.  US Constitution (1787) <ul><li>Fundamental principles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Separation of church and state </li></ul>...
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British Legacy

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  • Intolerable acts- quartering of soldiers shut down ports to prevent of trade with the foreign countries prohibited town meetings
  • British Legacy

    1. 1. I. British legacy <ul><li>A. 13 English Colonies (1687-1776) </li></ul><ul><li>1. established </li></ul><ul><li>a. sought religious freedom in MA </li></ul><ul><li>b. establish a trading post for the King at Jamestown, VA </li></ul>
    2. 2. II. Road to Revolution <ul><li>A. Colonist grievances </li></ul><ul><li>1. taxation without representation </li></ul><ul><li>a) Sugar Act, Stamp Act, Townshend Act </li></ul><ul><li>2. tyranny of the King </li></ul><ul><li>a) disbanded colonial legislatures </li></ul><ul><li>b) sent troops to the colonies in time of peace </li></ul><ul><li>c) Navigation Act </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>B. Intolerable Acts- </li></ul><ul><li>1) quartering of soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>2) shut down ports to prevent of trade with the foreign countries </li></ul><ul><li>3) town meetings allowed only w/ permission </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>C. Colonists respond </li></ul><ul><li>1. First Continental Congress (1774) </li></ul><ul><li>a) colonies agreed to raise own troops </li></ul><ul><li>b) boycott British trade </li></ul><ul><li>c) passed a resolution to officially petition King George </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>2. Second Continental Congress (1776) </li></ul><ul><li>a) establish an army by uniting militias under George Washington as commander in chief </li></ul><ul><li>b) voted for free trade at all American ports with all countries except Britain </li></ul><ul><li>c) resolution of independence was adopted </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Declaration of independence (1776) </li></ul><ul><li>summary </li></ul><ul><li>a) authored by Thomas Jefferson </li></ul><ul><li>b) enumerated the colonists major grievances </li></ul><ul><li>c) officially separated from England </li></ul>
    7. 7. III. Creating a new Govt <ul><li>Articles of Confederation (1777) </li></ul><ul><li>1. Strengths </li></ul><ul><li>a) states will respect other states public acts, records, and judicial proceedings </li></ul><ul><li>b) give other state’s citizens the same rights of their own citizens </li></ul><ul><li>c) return any state fugitive if requested to do so </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>2. Weaknesses </li></ul><ul><li>a) lacked a chief executive </li></ul><ul><li>b) did not have the power to tax citizens directly </li></ul><ul><li>c) lacked power to draft men to the Continental Army </li></ul><ul><li>d) absence of a national court system </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>e) amendments to the articles required unanimity </li></ul><ul><li>f) lacked the power to collect state debt </li></ul><ul><li>g) cannot settle disputes between states </li></ul><ul><li>h) new laws had to be approved by nine of the 13 colonies rather than a simple majority </li></ul>
    10. 10. IV. Constitutional Convention-1787 <ul><li>A. Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>1. Revise the Articles of Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>2. Create a new framework for government </li></ul><ul><li>3. Create a new set of laws that make the nation strong, yet protect rights of citizens </li></ul><ul><li>4. Create conditions for successful self-rule </li></ul><ul><li>(Hamilton and Jefferson’s economic debate) </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>Competing Plans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virginia plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Jersey Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3/5 Compromise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Great Compromise or also known as Connecticut Compromise </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. V. Principles of US Democracy <ul><li>A. Necessary elements </li></ul><ul><li>1. Fundamental worth of individuals </li></ul><ul><li>2. Equality of all people </li></ul><ul><li>3. Majority Rule and minority rights </li></ul><ul><li>4. Necessity of compromise </li></ul><ul><li>5. Individual Freedoms </li></ul>
    13. 13. VI. US Constitution (1787) <ul><li>Fundamental principles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Separation of church and state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular sovereignty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Checks and balances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judicial review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separation of powers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>federalism </li></ul></ul>

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