Initial Use: first use of drug Transitional Use: changes in thinking and behavior about the drug Tolerance: condition in which a user needs more of a drug to get the same effect Leads to physical and or psychological dependence on the substance: Physically dependent – when the user relies on the drug to feel normal and the body needs the drug to function Psychologically dependent – when the user uses the drug as an emotional crutch Withdrawal: the way in which the body responds when a dependent person stops using a drug. Makes it hard to stop. Addiction
DETOX: Evaluation: Upon beginning drug detoxification, a patient is first tested to see which specific substances are presently circulating in their bloodstream and the amount. Clinicians also evaluate the patient for potential co-occurring disorders, dual diagnosis, and mental/behavioral issues.
Stabilization: In this stage, the patient is guided through the process of detoxification. This may be done with or without the use of medications but for the most part the former is more common. Also part of stabilization is explaining to the patient what to expect during treatment and the recovery process. Where appropriate, people close to the addict are brought in at this time to become involved and show support.
Guiding Patient into Treatment: The last step of the detoxification process is to ready the patient for the actual recovery process. As drug detoxification only deals with the physical dependency and addiction to drugs, it does not address the psychological aspects of drug addiction. This stage entails obtaining agreement from the patient to complete the process by enrolling in a drug rehabilitation program.
12 STEP PROGRAM: A twelve-step program is a set of guiding principles (accepted by members as 'spiritual principles,' based on the approved literature) outlining a course of action for recovery from addiction, compulsion, or other behavioral problems. Originally proposed by Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) as a method of recovery from alcoholism,
We admitted we were powerless over alcohol—that our lives had become unmanageable. Came to believe that a power greater than ourselves could restore us to sanity. Made a decision to turn our will and our lives over to the care of God as we understood Him. Made a searching and fearless moral inventory of ourselves. Admitted to God, to ourselves, and to another human being the exact nature of our wrongs. Were entirely ready to have God remove all these defects of character. Humbly asked Him to remove our shortcomings. Made a list of all persons we had harmed, and became willing to make amends to them all. Made direct amends to such people wherever possible, except when to do so would injure them or others. Continued to take personal inventory, and when we were wrong, promptly admitted it. Sought through prayer and meditation to improve our conscious contact with God as we understood Him, praying only for knowledge of His will for us and the power to carry that out. Having had a spiritual awakening as the result of these steps, we tried to carry this message to alcoholics, and to practice these principles in all our affairs.
END OF DAY TWO!
5. (Binge drinking, alcohol poisoning, liver disease, impact of alcohol on the brain)
7-2 FINISHED HERE ON Wed. NOV. 20th
M. h. addiction acs 2013 day 3
Addiction DAY 3
1. I can recognize external and internal
influences (peer pressure, media, desire to be
adult/cool etc.) that contribute towards initial
use and potentially, addiction.
2. I can describe the effects (physical,
emotional, social, mental) of addiction
• Initial Use
• Transitional Use
• Physically dependent
• Psychologically dependent
Leads to Addiction
– Physically dependent:
• when the user relies on the drug/something to feel
normal and the body needs the drug to function
– Psychologically dependent:
• when the user uses the drug/something as an
– Substance abuse:
• what does the term substance abuse mean? How
is it different from addiction?
**overindulgence in or dependence on an addictive
substance, esp. alcohol or drugs.
Denial and Rationalization
– insistence that there is no problem despite
evidence to the contrary
– $$ crisis, effect on family, job
– explanations of use, self imposed rules that
– Ex. statements like – “everyone needs ____”
What are the physical effects of
For all drugs: risky behavior.
For drugs: depends on drug. Common
physical effects include brain damage,
liver damage, lung damage and disease,
risk of HIV…
Family dynamics in addiction
• Anger, loss of control, anxiety,
• Codependent behaviors: enabling
• Rescuer/victim relationship
What are the social and
emotional effects of drug use?
Social and emotional effects
• Breaking rules,
• social strain,
• emotional difficulty,
• problems in school
• Low self-esteem
• Detoxification Program
• 12-Step program
• Group therapy
• Stress management
• Individual therapy
• Family therapy
Download the 3 documents from wiki and
put it in your Wellness Folder.
1. When you think of alcohol, what comes to mind?
2. Do your parents drink alcohol? Other family
3. Have you ever tried alcohol?
4. Why do teens drink alcohol?
5. Why is it dangerous for teens to drink?