Assignment 4: camera shots,
angles, movement, composition
By Laura Cuk
These are the different types of camera
-Over the shoulder
-POV (point of view)
An establishing shot establishes the
setting of a scene.
An establishing shot is taken at ranges of
distances, as if they were taken from a
You would usually see an establishing
shot at the beginning of something.
A long shot is a shot that shows the
framing of a character or subject of their
This shot is not necessarily used for only
people. A long shot can be used for other
An example of this would be a dinner
A two shot is very straightforward
Usually done to show when two characters are
communicating, conversing, interacting.
• A wide shot is when you can view a large
variety of information
• A wide shot is also like a panoramic
A mid shot was commonly known as a medium
This camera shot is mostly used for dialogue
Also a mid shot shows the framing of a character
or subject of their torso and head, or their torso
and their legs.
A close-up shot is the framing of a character or subject
which shows a particular part of their body or object.
An example would be a face, a nose, an eye etc.
Close up is used to show more detail or info of a
character or object.
Extreme close-ups are a shot that is part of the
body or face to show extreme detail
Over the shoulder
This shot is taken over the back of a characters
shoulder, emphasis on the ‘over the shoulder’
An overhead shot is the type of camera shot
where the camera is placed above a characters
POV (point of view)
A POV shot is a shot that shows a characters
To do this particular shot, the camera will need
to be placed on the face of the character, (better
to be placed on the eyes) just like google
An aerial shot is quite similar to an overhead
shot. This shot is taken from an overhead
This shot may be similar to an overhead shot,
but this shot is usually taken form a far distance.
This is an example of an aerial shot. This
picture is of the beginning of Eastenders.
An aerial shot is like a bird view.
These are the three different types of camera angles:
A low angle is taken at a low level.
Usually positioned on the ground.
The purpose of a low angle is to enhance and
make a character or subject look dominant in
This is an angle taken a high place that looks
down on a character or subject.
The purpose of a high angle is to make the
character or subject appear smaller and
• This angle is an angle that makes whatever
has been shot to look as if it was stewed or
There are nine different types of camera movement:
A pan movement involves pivoting horizontally.
This movement gives a panoramic view.
A tilt is when the camera is pivoting from up and
A tilt movement reveals information.
Track is the movement of a camera that moves
from side to side.
Zoom is when the camera features a zoom going
in towards an object.
Reverse zoom is the opposite of zoom.
Reverse zoom is also called a zoom out.
A dolly movement is where the camera moves in
and out or backwards and forwards.
When the camera is on a crane
An example of this would be the way the camera
moves across the stage and audience like in the
A stedicam is a stabilizing mount for a camera
which mechanically isolates the operators
movement from the camera.
A stedicam is often used in sports or for high
This is the movement which is zooming and
dollying at the same time.
There are eight different types of composition:
-Depth of field
-Rule of thirds
• When things are arranged elements so that no
one part of a work overpowers, or seems
heavier than other part.
Depth of field
• Is a distance of what is on focus.
Shallow focus is a photographic and
This movement is used to emphasise one thing
over another thing.
This is when everything is in focus.
This is when you can see the foreground,
background and midground
When the shot is equally symmetrical or balanced on both sides.
Is the opposite of symmetry.
It is when the shot is equally asymmetrical or
unbalanced on both sides.
This type of composition is often used in filming
to show disorder, chaos.
Rule of thirds
This is a composition rule used for the visual arts,
such as paintings, photography, film and design.
Rule of thirds promotes interests, tension, energy
in a composition.
This is taken without rule of thirds. This is taken with rule of thirds.
This type of composition is usually very hard to
It is when you pull or change the focus of