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Research reports


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Research reports

  1. 1. Research Reports
  2. 2. Research Reports• These reports are common in subjects like engineering, psychology, and life science.• You will be expected to identify a scientific problem and solve it by carrying out research.
  3. 3. Research Reports• To be able to write the report you need to identify a problem and critically analyse it by using your knowledge and reading.• You need to carry out some kind of experiment or investigation to see which solution is best in your particular context.
  4. 4. Research Reports• You need to explain your method of investigation and describe your results.• You have to evaluate your findings.• You have to justify any conclusions you come to.
  5. 5. Research Reports• The main section of most scientific reports are organized according to the IMRAD system. • Introduction • Methods • Results and • Discussion
  6. 6. Research Reports• The IMRAD sections are usually signalled with headings and subheadings.• Diagrams and charts are used as necessary.
  7. 7. Experimental/Research Reports• Introduction: this section justifies the research by explaining why the study was undertaken.• Methods: this section reports on how the study was done. It normally includes procedures and materials. The two parts are sometimes given separate sections.
  8. 8. Research Reports• Results: this reports what the study found.• Discussion: this section discusses what the findings might mean, and why they matter, especially in relation to what other researchers have found. It clearly connects the results with your conclusion.
  9. 9. Research Reports• Conclusion: this section, which may be part of the discussion, summarizes the findings and points the research forward to the next stage. Tip: Some subjects, especially in life science, do not need much in the methods section as all the methods are well known. Check what is required.
  10. 10. Research ReportsNote: Of course the report will have a titlepage, an abstract, perhaps a content page,references and possibly appendices.
  11. 11. Research ReportsOrganization of the report Preliminaries
  12. 12. Research Reports Introduction  Description of the background.  Explanation of why the research was necessary.  Description of how research will be undertaken.
  13. 13. Research Reports Methods  Overview of the research.  Report of who took part and where.  Report of what procedures were used.  Report of what materials were used.  Report of any statistical analysis used.
  14. 14. Research Reports Results  Report of findings.  Reference to any diagrams used.
  15. 15. Research Reports Discussion  Summary of main purpose of research.  Review of most important findings.  Evaluation of findings.  Explanation of findings.  Comparison with other researcher’s findings.  Description of implications and recommendations.
  16. 16. Research Reports End Matter