Referencing

586 views

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
586
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
59
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Referencing

  1. 1. Referencing
  2. 2. Referencing• The purpose of a reference list is to supply the information needed to allow a reader to find a source.• Authors appear in alphabetical order in the reference list.
  3. 3. Referencing• Some popular referencing methods are: • the Vancouver system • the MLA • the APA style • the Harvard systemNote: there is no definitive version of the Harvard system and universities use their own varieties.
  4. 4. ReferencingNote: It is important to check which system is used by your department but also by individual lecturers. Handbooks supplied by your subject leaders usually provide a reference guide.
  5. 5. ReferencingExamples of the Harvard system style• The way the reference is written differs depending on the source• The order in which the referencing information appears is important• Commas and full stops are important
  6. 6. Textbook (1) Martin, G.N., Carlson, N.R. and Buskist, W. (2007) Psychology (3rd edn.). Harlow: Pearson Education.• Surname of author and author’s initial (this information is repeated for each of the co- authors)• Year of publication in brackets• Title of the book in italics
  7. 7. Textbook (2) Martin, G.N., Carlson, N.R. and Buskist, W. (2007) Psychology (3rd edn.). Harlow: Pearson Education.• Edition number in brackets if applicable (e.g. 3rd edn)• Publishing location• Publisher’s name
  8. 8. A text from an edited collection (1) Thomas, H.S.C. (2008). ‘Biogeographical concepts’. In J. Holden, (Ed.), Physical Geography and the Environment (2nd edn), pp. 39-64. Harlow: Pearson Education.• Surname of author of chapter and author’s initial (this information is repeated for each of the co-authors)• Year of publication in brackets• Title of chapter in quotation marks• Initial and surname of editor of book followed by (ed.)
  9. 9. A text from an edited collection (2) Thomas, H.S.C. (2008). ‘Biogeographical concepts’. In J. Holden, (Ed.), Physical Geography and the Environment (2nd edn), pp. 39-64. Harlow: Pearson Education.• Title of the book in italics• Edition number in brackets (if applicable)• Publishing location• Publisher’s name
  10. 10. Journal Article (1) Woodward-Kron, R. (2002) ‘Critical analysis versus description? Examining the relationship in successful student writing’. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 1, 121-143.• Surname of the author of the chapter and author’s initial (this information is repeated for each of the co-authors)• Year of publication in brackets• Title of the journal in quotation marks
  11. 11. Journal Article (2) Woodward-Kron, R. (2002) ‘Critical analysis versus description? Examining the relationship in successful student writing’. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 1, 121-143.• Title of the journal in italics• Volume number in italics• Page numbers of the article
  12. 12. Newspaper Article Curtis, P. (2008). ‘University entrants hit record high.’ The Guardian, 22 August, p.4.• Surname of the author and author’s initial• Year of publication in brackets• Title of the article in quotation marks• Name of the newspaper in italics• Day and month of article• Page number of the article
  13. 13. Website Article (1) Harnack, A. and Kleppinger, E. (2003) Online! A reference guide to using internet sources. Retreived, August 22, 2008 from http://www.bedfordstmartins.com/online/cite6.htm• Surname of author and author’s initial (if available) (this information is repeated for each of the co-authors)• Year of publication in brackets• Title of complete work in italics
  14. 14. Website Article (2) Harnack, A. and Kleppinger, E. (2003) Online! A reference guide to using internet sources. Retreived, August 22, 2008 from http://www.bedfordstmartins.com/online/cite6.htm• Other relevant information (volume number, page numbers, etc., if available)• Full date article was accessed• URL
  15. 15. Encyclopedia or Dictionary Longman dictionary of contemporary English (1978) London: Longman• Title of publication• Date• Publishing location• Publisher

×