Basic Essay Structure• Introduction• Body Paragraphs• Conclusion
Body ParagraphsThe body paragraphs in an essay should:• Develop your topic• Prove your points• Have a pattern (e.g. chronological order, comparison/contrast, or a combination of both)
Paragraph StructureA Paragraph Is:A group of related sentences that discuss one(and usually only one) main idea. A paragraphcan be as short as one sentence or as long asten sentences or more. The length of aparagraph is not important, it should be longenough to develop the main idea clearly.
Paragraph StructureThree Parts of a Paragraph• Topic sentence• Supporting sentences• Concluding sentence (if necessary)
Paragraph StructureTopic Sentence• Topic (states the topic)• Controlling idea (controls or limits the topic to a a specific area)Gold, (topic) a precious metal, is known for twoimportant characteristics. (controlling idea)
Paragraph StructureWriting Topic Sentences• A topic sentence must be a complete sentence,with a subject and a verb.• A topic sentence should neither be too generalnor too specific.• A topic sentence should not have unrelatedcontrolling ideas.
Paragraph StructureSupporting Sentences• Explain or prove the topic sentence• Are specific and factual• Can be examples, statistics, or quotations
Paragraph StructureConcluding Sentence• Signals the end of the paragraph.• Leaves the reader with the most important ideas. It can do this in two ways: – By summarizing the main points of the paragraph. – By repeating the topic sentences in different words. Note: A paragraph doesn’t always need a concluding sentence.
Paragraph StructureEnd-of-Paragraph Signals Followed by a comma Finally, Lastly, In Brief, Therefore, In conclusion, Thus, Indeed, To sum up, In short,
Paragraph StructureEnd-of-Paragraph Signals NOT Followedby a comma The evidence suggests that … There can be no doubt that … These examples show that … We can see that …