Subject-Verb
Agreement
English 9
Ms. Parviainen
Singular versus Plural
 In

English, we can make words
singular and plural
Singular,

meaning “one”
Plural, meaning “tw...
Singular and Plural Nouns
Singular Nouns
 Truck
 Player
 Box
 Watch
 Woman
 Mouse

Plural Nouns
 Trucks
 Players
...
Singular and Plural Pronouns
Singular Pronouns Plural Pronouns
I
 We
 You
 You
 He
 They
 She
 It
Singular and Plural Verbs
 Some

verbs are always singular:

He

walked, Emily walked
He has walked, Emily has walked
...
Combining them
 Singular

nouns needs singular verbs
 Plural nouns need plural verbs
She

always tells the truth.
They...
Also…
A

phrase or clause that interrupts a
subject and its verb does not affect
subject-verb agreement.

The captain of ...
Indefinite Pronouns
 Pronouns

are words used in place of
regular nouns, like “he”, “she”, or “it”.
 Some pronouns are “...
Singular Indefinite Pronouns
Another
 Anybody
 Anyone
 Anything
 Each
 Either
 Everybody
 Everyone
 Everything
 L...
Plural Indefinite Pronouns
 Both
 Few
 Many
 Others
 Several
Singular/Plural Indefinite Pronouns
 All
 Any
 More
 Most
 None
 Some
Do Subject-Verb Agreement: Indefinite Pronouns...
Compound Subjects
What is a compound subject?
A

subject is the person or thing
committing the act described in the
verb:
The

author foug...
Compound Subject Agreement
A

compound subject joined by “and” is
generally plural and must have a plural
verb.
Penny

a...
Compound Subject Agreement
 Two

or more singular objects joined by
“or” or “nor” must have a singular verb.
Beth

or Sa...
Compound Subject Agreement
 If

the parts of the compound item are
thought of as one item, a singular verb is
needed
Bac...
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Subject verb agreement

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  • Subject verb agreement

    1. 1. Subject-Verb Agreement English 9 Ms. Parviainen
    2. 2. Singular versus Plural  In English, we can make words singular and plural Singular, meaning “one” Plural, meaning “two or more”  Nouns plural and verbs can be singular or
    3. 3. Singular and Plural Nouns Singular Nouns  Truck  Player  Box  Watch  Woman  Mouse Plural Nouns  Trucks  Players  Boxes  Watches  Women  Mice
    4. 4. Singular and Plural Pronouns Singular Pronouns Plural Pronouns I  We  You  You  He  They  She  It
    5. 5. Singular and Plural Verbs  Some verbs are always singular: He walked, Emily walked He has walked, Emily has walked I am, She is  Some plural: I verbs can be singular or walk, they walk You are, they are
    6. 6. Combining them  Singular nouns needs singular verbs  Plural nouns need plural verbs She always tells the truth. They always tell the truth. The twins always tell the truth. The twin always tells the truth.
    7. 7. Also… A phrase or clause that interrupts a subject and its verb does not affect subject-verb agreement. The captain of the guards stands at attention. The troopers whom the captain put in charge of the roadblock stand on either side. Do Subject-Verb Agreement A,-B 105-6
    8. 8. Indefinite Pronouns  Pronouns are words used in place of regular nouns, like “he”, “she”, or “it”.  Some pronouns are “indefinite pronouns”—they refer to no specific noun.  Some pronouns are singular, some are plural, and some can be singular or plural depending on how they are used.
    9. 9. Singular Indefinite Pronouns Another  Anybody  Anyone  Anything  Each  Either  Everybody  Everyone  Everything  Little  Much  Neither  Nobody  no one  Nothing  One  Other  Somebody  Someone  Something 
    10. 10. Plural Indefinite Pronouns  Both  Few  Many  Others  Several
    11. 11. Singular/Plural Indefinite Pronouns  All  Any  More  Most  None  Some Do Subject-Verb Agreement: Indefinite Pronouns A,-B p. 107-108
    12. 12. Compound Subjects
    13. 13. What is a compound subject? A subject is the person or thing committing the act described in the verb: The author fought during WWII. A compound subject links two or more subjects to one verb: J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis were in a literary society.
    14. 14. Compound Subject Agreement A compound subject joined by “and” is generally plural and must have a plural verb. Penny and Rose are going to lose. The boys and the girls are going to have a rematch. The twins and Sam are going to have a rematch.
    15. 15. Compound Subject Agreement  Two or more singular objects joined by “or” or “nor” must have a singular verb. Beth or Sam is going to win. Neither sleet nor snow can stop us.  Two or more plural subjects joined by “or” or “nor” must have a plural verb. Beth, Sam, or the twins are going to win. Either the twins or Sam are going to win.
    16. 16. Compound Subject Agreement  If the parts of the compound item are thought of as one item, a singular verb is needed Bacon and eggs is my favorite breakfast.  If a singular and plural subject are joined by “or” or “nor”, the verb agrees with the subject nearer the verb. Neither the team members nor the coach has been to the Superbowl. Do Agreement with Compound Subjects A-B, Page 109-110

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