Chapter 4 concentrating and focusing


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Chapter 4 concentrating and focusing

  1. 1. HOW TO STUDY FOR COLLEGE Chapter 4 – concentrating and focusing
  2. 2. concentration <ul><li>Concentration is focused thinking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You think all the time (varying intensity) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focuses the power of thoughts; you can think with greater precision and tackle complex ideas </li></ul><ul><li>It comes only when you don’t think about it! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When you realize you’re concentrating, your concentration has been broken </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. concentration <ul><li>Normally, multiple things compete for your attention. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People have a natural tendency to divide attention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Optical illusions – once aware of multiple ways to look at an object, it’s hard to ignore each one . . . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can be difficult to focus on one idea at a time, but those who can stand a great chance of finishing that task quickly and accurately </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aiming directly for concentration is difficult, so you need to improve conditions that promote concentration . </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. eliminating distractions <ul><li>Sights and sounds compete for your attention, but once recognized, you can overcome them. </li></ul><ul><li>Study halls and living spaces are crowded with distractions . . . </li></ul><ul><li>You need the proper environment for concentration. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Eliminating distractions <ul><li>Find a place to be used exclusively for study </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quiet, well lit place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Libraries are good for this! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be sure to associate the place only with concentration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you daydream a lot at a certain place, that place alone can trigger daydreaming </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Eliminating distractions <ul><li>Minimize visual distractions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Notes/textbooks seem dull compared to lots of other things – posters, views out windows, photographs, quick access to internet, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate noise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can be one of the most serious study obstacles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can lead to rereading without realizing – wasteful </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turn down loud music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If concentration bounces between music/study, you waste effort </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If music preferred, choose something more relaxing </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Eliminating distractions <ul><li>Spider technique </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn to ignore small things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Opening door, heating or cooling kicking in </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increases chances of ignoring the distraction next time </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. using the right equipment <ul><li>Use Bright, Even, Steady light </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low light leads to eye strain, tension, and possibly headaches </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use a pencil to bring on concentration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Study with pencil in hand, and use it! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Activity promotes concentration! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Find a comfy seat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid hard, straight-backed chairs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Keep common supplies nearby </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Calendar, paper, notebooks, pencils, pens, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Discourage internal distractions <ul><li>Concentration score sheet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark sheet when mind wanders – this should remind you to get back to work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourages self-observation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Put stray thoughts on a worry pad </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write down anything bugging you with the idea that you’ll take care of it as soon as you get the chance </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Strategies encouraging concentration <ul><li>Make lists! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trying to keep reminders and random thoughts in your head while studying can break concentration. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use lists to remind yourself of daily obligations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Take breaks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical energy builds up, repressing concerns will eventually build up and take your attention . . . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stand up, stretch, grab a snack and return to work ready to concentrate </li></ul></ul></ul>