Chapter 3 slides


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Chapter 3 slides

  1. 1. What is News?
  2. 2. <ul><li>The nature of news has changed – coverage has changed. </li></ul><ul><li>News used to be . . . </li></ul><ul><li>-auto accidents </li></ul><ul><li>-violent weather </li></ul><ul><li>-slayings </li></ul><ul><li>-press conferences </li></ul><ul><li>-speeches </li></ul><ul><li>-marriages </li></ul><ul><li>-births </li></ul><ul><li>-deaths </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The press now concentrates on in-depth coverage of major issues rather than events. </li></ul><ul><li>- intricacies of government </li></ul><ul><li>- damage to the environment </li></ul><ul><li>- educational reform </li></ul><ul><li>- the changing family </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>News is somewhat shifting away from . . . </li></ul><ul><li>- “Where are we going in society” </li></ul><ul><li>- social issues </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons include: </li></ul><ul><li>- Declining literacy </li></ul><ul><li>- Loss of young readers </li></ul><ul><li>- Decline in circulation </li></ul><ul><li>- Mobile society </li></ul><ul><li>- Television/Internet </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Emphasis is now on “upbeat and spectacular” </li></ul><ul><li>USA Today is a leader in this new attitude; other papers have followed the lead in an attempt to battle the declining audience </li></ul><ul><li>Still, others argue that we still need news “the way we always had it!” </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>It’s the reporter’s job to evaluate events and to select from a variety of occurrences those that will (using news judgment) . . . </li></ul><ul><li>- interest readers </li></ul><ul><li>- entertain </li></ul><ul><li>- inform </li></ul><ul><li>- educate </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Reporters use their own judgment to determine which of a dozen items should go into a story and which of the five or six chosen should go into the lead. </li></ul><ul><li>This skill is learned . . . From reading papers and hard work. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Relying on the bells in your head </li></ul><ul><li>Warning bells should go off in your head when you come across something in bad taste – likewise when you come across something that is good news </li></ul><ul><li>The elements of news are guidelines; most professionals rely on their intuition </li></ul>
  9. 9. Chapter 3
  10. 10. <ul><li>The newness of the facts </li></ul><ul><li>Football is much more timely in November than in July </li></ul><ul><li>Stay away from stories that other papers have covered a few weeks before. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The nearness of a given event to your place of publication. </li></ul><ul><li>People are most familiar with things close to home – this is what will interest them most. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>The “newsworthiness” of an individual </li></ul><ul><li>Some names make more news than others because of prominence </li></ul><ul><li>If a star quarterback flunks an exam and can’t play homecoming game, it’ll be newsworthy. </li></ul><ul><li>If Bob Smith flunks the same exam, most people won’t care. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The importance of an event </li></ul><ul><li>“ Oh man, now Sheboygan Falls will totally kick our rears!” </li></ul><ul><li>LOCALIZATION – bringing out the local edge in a story . . . If iron and steel workers go on strike, what will become of our town’s plans for a new strip mall? </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Other people and how they behave </li></ul><ul><li>Human interest stories make people laugh, cry, or hurl (sometimes). </li></ul><ul><li>Little girl trapped in a well for several days </li></ul><ul><li>14 year old graduates from college </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual! </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Sporting events, elections, wars, etc. involve conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict involves tension and surprise. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>“ News Arithmetic” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 ordinary man + 1 ordinary life = 0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 ordinary woman + extraordinary adventure = NEWS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 husband + 13 wives = NEWS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 bank cashier + 1 spouse + 3 children = 0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 bank cashier - $100,000 = NEWS </li></ul></ul>