Out and about……You hear the following from some local governments
Centuries of wisdom…We are not to throw away those things which can benefit ourneighbor. Goods are called good because they can be used forgood: they are instruments for good, in the hands of those whouse them properly.-- Clement of Alexandria (150?-220?)
We have two choices before us…Recycling or DisposalThere is a common misperceptionthat disposal is cheaper than Cost Recycling Disposalrecycling…. Effective.In many ways the costs are the same
Is Disposal Cheaper? Let’s look closer and see…RECYCLING DISPOSALCollection (Curbside or Drop-Off) Collection (Curbside or Drop-Off)Haul to Facility Haul to FacilityMaterial Recover Facility Transfer StationHaul to Facility Haul to FacilityPre Mill Processor LandfillEnd User Mill 30+ years Post Closure.ManufacturerDistribution CenterBox Store
It’s Ultimately About a Label RECYCLING OR GARBAGE?The material that is collectedat the curbside or at ourconvenience centers is thesame. • We can choose to label it Garbage… (A Liability) OR • We can choose to label it a Commodity… (An Asset)
Garbage or Recycling?Choose either a Liability or an Asset 30 Years + Post Closure Care • Pay$37/ton buys you 30 years plus in post closure care Feedstock • Receive $100/ton that feeds industries that employ thousands in Tennessee
May the Garbage Rest in PeaceIt was a short life… Collection Landfilling Post Closure(Actual Green Box Site)
Road To Economic GrowthRecycling - A New Life Material Recovery Manufacturing Collection Facilities
Financial Burdens The Economics Impacting IndustriesThe Canadian Federation Rank Concern Percentageof Independent Businesses 1 Fuel, energy costs * 64%has compiled a list of the 2 Tax, regulatory costs * 63%top 10 financial burdens 3 Insurance costs * 49%facing entrepreneurs in 4 Wage costs 47%2011. 5 Bank account and processing fees 43%— The January 2011 findings are based on 6 Occupancy costs 23%967 responses, collected from a stratifiedrandom sample of CFIB members, to a 7 Product input costs * 23%controlled-access web survey. Findings arestatistically accurate to +/- 3.2 per cent 19 8 Borrowing costs * 22%times in 20. 9 Capital equipment, technology costs * 21% 10 Foreign currencies * 11%
NEW MESSAGE - THE ECONOMICS Jobs – Creates and sustains Why Do We Recycle? Economics – Saves money, avoids Let’s look closer and see… costs Revenues – Increases tax basePREVIOUS MESSAGE WHY WE RECYCLE Material – Less expensive than virginMandated materialSave the environment Energy – Significantly less expensiveExpected by people than virgin material extractionRight thing to do… Resource Management – Feedstock National Security – Energy, economics, jobs….
An Economic Snippet Just Four Industry Areas Recycling Touches The secondary materials market provides feedstock to many industries Material Sales Jobs at a much reduced rate. Aluminum $2,024,700,000 1,992 Aluminum Paper Paper 1,085,600,000 1,889 Plastics Plastic 646,930,000 1,700 Steel Glass Steel 556,500,000 946 … And Many More TOTALS 4,313,730,000 6,527Extrapolated Source: http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ASM_2011_31AS101&prodType=table
More On This Economic Snippet Recycling “Top 4”If the "Top 4" commodities generated inTennessee were recycled at todaysmarket rates, assuming a 75% potentialrecovery rate, revenues of $882 millioncould be realized by local governmentsand business.January 2011
Another Snippet to Consider… Tourism and Recycling IndustriesRECYCLING TOURISM• On average every 1,000 tons of • On average, every $86,400 spent inmaterial recycled in Tennessee Tennessee by domestic andsupports 1.68 jobs international travelers supported one job in the state in 2011.• Tax revenue generated by 1,000 • Tax revenue generated by domestictons of material recycled in travel for federal, state, and localTennessee generates $3,687 revenue governments totaled $3.0 billion, upor $7,275,963 4.2 percent from 2010.• $1.5 billion in personal income • $9.2 billion in personal incomeacross Tennessee added by Tourism to Tennesseans-Based on 1.9 Million Tons Recycled (Average capture rate below 10%)
Energy Savings RECYCLING OR GARBAGE? With the cost of energy going up, can we afford to not conserve energy when we have the opportunity? Energy Savings by Recycling Aluminum 95% Paper 64% Plastic 50% Steel 75% Glass 50%Graph Source: http://www.eia.gov/FTPROOT/presentations/ieo2000/sld002.htm
Materials Come From Two PlacesExtracting or Reclaiming Mining Virgin Materials • Cost of extraction is exorbitant Reclaiming Secondary Materials • Costis only a fraction of the original extraction process
Dirty Word…Idle CapacityIndustries need material to produce MaterialIndustries need material to producethe products they are in business tosell.Industries do not put on extra shiftsunless they have: Capacity•Demand for their product•Materials to make their product People Equipment•People to produce their product•Or the money to create theirproduct
What happens when this happens? Middle Tennessee Industry•Needed materials: However…14,000,000 poundsof PET•Tennesseecurrently yields farless than thisacross the state.
Strategic Concerns… Military or Commerce A significant amount of primary materials come from areas of concern. -Middle East -China -Former USSR States -Indo China -Arethese the stable regions in the world? -Is this a practice we can continue for years to come?Graph Source: http://www.materialflows.net/trends/analyses-1980-2008/global-resource-extraction-by-material-category-1980-2008/
Can We Afford This? Gross Domestic Product (G.D.P.) Purchasing Power China and India have billions of people with new buying power in their growing middle class. Should we take advantage of this and produce the products to sell to them or should we allow them to capture all the secondary materials and produce the products there and sell to us.Graph Source: http://photos.mongabay.com/09/forecast_gdp_line.jpg
Positive Public Opinion ?We want a landfill in our backyard!?
Recycle and SaveSave our resources for our future
Recycling, We Can’t Afford ^ To! Reasons we need to recycle… Reason for not Recycling -Jobs creation -Wrong Label -Revenue generation -Not understanding the -Tax base enhancement economics of recycling -Personal income growth -Manufacturing feedstock -Manufacturing capacity -Energy cost savings -Strategic value -Extraction cost avoidance -Environmental protection -Avoid landfill costs -Avoid Long term liabilities -Avoid new landfills permitting -Airspace protection
It’s Ultimately About Labels RECYCLING OR GARBAGECommodity or wasteFeedstock or residueRevenue or expenditureAsset or liabilitySecurity or uncertaintyIndependence or relianceRenewable or exhaustible
Are we burying the golden egg?How can we afford not to recycle?
Larry Christley, RSMProgram ManagerPlanning and Financial AssistanceDivision of Solid Waste ManagementTennessee Department of Environment and Conservation401 Church Street, 5th FloorNashville, TN 37243-1535Larry.Christley@tn.gov615-532-0744www.tn.gov/recycle