Using Sources in your Work: A Tutorial on Avoiding Plagiarism         GRADE 10 - 11NOTE:To move through this tutorial, use...
Agenda for This Tutorial   Read about examples of plagiarism and    the consequences in the real world.   Learn more abo...
You know this…               don’t you?   Sure you do. Teachers have been    talking (and talking, and talking)    about ...
Why do students plagiarize?      Here are some excuses…Why does it matter? My      (pick one of the following)teacher/pare...
Why do students plagiarize?        Here are some excuses…Why does it matter? My (pick    one of the following)  teacher/pa...
Why do students plagiarize?         Here are some excuses…                                  I didn’t hWhy does it matter? ...
Why do students plagiarize?         Here are some excuses…                                   I didn’t hWhy does it matter?...
But those excuses don’t cut it…There is no acceptable excuse for           plagiarism.       Plagiarism is cheating(and it...
Real Life Plagiarism Scandals                                                 Doris Kearns                                ...
Real Life Plagiarism Scandals                                                  After being accused                        ...
Real Life Plagiarism Scandals                                                    As a reporter for the                    ...
Real Life Plagiarism Scandals                                                               Blair Hornstein was the       ...
So, as you can see,plagiarism is a serious offense.This presentation is part of your class work so that you know       wha...
Definition of Plagiarism   Plagiarism is:    • To steal the words or ideas of another      person    • To pass off the wo...
Let’s look at some     hypothetical situations.For each, determine if the student      plagiarized or did not.     Click o...
Jack’s SituationJack has an English paper due tomorrow.  He read the book and paid attention  during class, but he has no ...
You must choose from the bluebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose  one of the options pres...
You said…         Jack did plagiarize.You are right. Jack’s actions constitute plagiarism.  • Jack is committing plagiaris...
You said…        Jack did not plagiarize.You are wrong. Jack’s actions constitute  plagiarism.  • Jack is committing plagi...
Jill’s SituationDuring history class, Jill is asked to  find some background on Fidel  Castro’s rise to power.Jill does a ...
You must choose from the bluebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose  one of the options pres...
You said…           Jill did plagiarize.You are right. Jill’s actions constitute plagiarism.  • By taking the words from t...
You said…        Jill did not plagiarize.You are wrong. Jill’s actions constitute plagiarism.  • By taking the words from ...
Gretel’s SituationGretel is a freshman who feels overwhelmed by the high school. When her science teacher assigns a short ...
You must choose from the bluebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose  one of the options pres...
You said…         Gretel did plagiarize.You are right. Gretel’s actions constitute plagiarism.  • Even if Gretel’s friend ...
You said…      Gretel did not plagiarize.You are wrong. Gretel’s actions constitute plagiarism.  • Even if Gretel’s friend...
Think you’ve got it?    Read the following…(and pay attention! There will be a quiz    on this information at the end!)
Definition of Plagiarism   Plagiarism is:    • To steal the words or ideas of another      person    • To pass off the wo...
How to Avoid Plagiarism   Cite the source of any idea or words    you take from anyone else.   Carefully mark the beginn...
OK, I get it…there are penalties forplagiarizing because it is stealing someoneelse’s words or ideas.           But,   if ...
Four good reasons for citing     sources in your work:• Citing reliable information gives  credibility to your work.• Chea...
You probably have two       questions: (1) What do I need to cite?     (2) How do I cite?Read on for the answers…
What do I need to cite?                             Did you   This chart will          think of    Yes.                  ...
So—the rule is:                       Did you                       think of    Yes.If you created it         it?without a...
The one exception tothat rule is for“common knowledge.”                         Did youYou do not need to       think of  ...
So, you don’t need to cite a fact,but you must cite the source of opinions    and ideas that are not your own.And, you mus...
So, you don’t need to cite a fact,                  for example: Harper Lee wrote To Kill a Mockingbird.                  ...
Take one                     Did youmore look            think of                        it?                              ...
So, let’s check to see that youunderstand when you need to citethe source and when you don’t…Answer the following question...
Test Case #1Jack isn’t sure if he needs to cite the source of theinformation below. He found the fact online.“Abraham Linc...
You must choose one of thebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose  one of the options present...
You are incorrect.               In this case,        citation is not necessary.   Jack does not need to cite the source ...
You are correct!     Jack does not need to cite this              information.   Jack does not need to cite the source   ...
Test Case #2In her paper on Affirmative Action, Jill found one source thatexplained that Affirmative Action “evens the fie...
You must choose one of thebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose  one of the options present...
You are correct!      Jill must cite this information.   Jill needs to cite the source of the    paraphrase because the i...
You are incorrect.    In this case, citation is necessary.   Jill needs to cite the source of the    paraphrase because t...
Test Case #3Gretel found a very helpful article in an onlinedatabase. She very carefully made sure that sherewrote the con...
You must choose one of thebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose  one of the options present...
You are correct.    In this case, citation is required.   Gretel paraphrases the source’s idea    and content. She must g...
You are incorrect! Gretel must cite the source of thisinformation, even though she put it         in her own words.   Gre...
So, you can identify what must have a citation…Now you need to know how to use and cite a        source!
How to Cite a Source   It’s easy. Just provide your audience with    the source of any ideas or words that are    not you...
How to Cite Direct Quotations   Provide a bibliographic entry to show where the    borrowed material originated.        ...
How to Cite Paraphrases   Provide a bibliographic entry to show where the borrowed    material originated.           Par...
It can be said in a bunch of          different ways…       eMark thboundaries
It can be said in a bunch of          different ways…       eMark thboundaries                                   the      ...
It can be said in a bunch of          different ways…       e        Fence theMark th   ndaries       bordersbou          ...
It can be said in a bunch of           different ways…       e         Fence theMark th   ndaries        bordersbou       ...
It can be said in a bunch of           different ways… Fra                                  me       e         Fence the  ...
It can be said in a bunch of           different ways… Fra                                   me       e          Fence the...
It can be said in a bunch of          different ways… Fra                                     me       e           Fence t...
Can you identify plagiarism          when you see it?   Try the following four examples. On    each you will see the sour...
Acceptable Use or Plagiarism?                                    Example 1Original text from               Student’s Text:...
You must choose one of thebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose  one of the options present...
You said that the example showed         Acceptable Use            You are incorrect.   Use the arrow at the bottom of th...
You said that the example showed            Plagiarism             You are correct!   The student put the author’s idea  ...
Acceptable Use or Plagiarism?                                    Example 2Original text from               Student’s Text:...
You must choose one of thebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose  one of the options present...
You said that the example showed             Acceptable Use                  You are correct!   The student clearly marke...
You said that the example showed            Plagiarism            You are incorrect!   Use the arrow at the bottom of thi...
Acceptable Use or Plagiarism?                                    Example 3Original text from               Student’s Text:...
You must choose one of thebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose  one of the options present...
You said that the example showed         Acceptable Use            You are incorrect!   Use the arrow at the bottom of th...
You said that the example showed            Plagiarism            You are correct!   The student used the exact words of ...
Acceptable Use or Plagiarism?                                    Example 4Original text from               Student’s Text:...
You must choose one of thebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose  one of the options present...
You said that the example showed         Acceptable Use            You are incorrect!   Use the arrow at the bottom of th...
You said that the example showed            Plagiarism            You are correct!   The student changed the order of the...
So, to review…   Plagiarism is a serious offense. Not    only does it carry heavy penalties,    but your integrity is dam...
Final Directions:   Your teacher has a written quiz for you to    take on the subject of plagiarism.   At the end of the...
Sources ConsultedDeSena, Laura Hennessey. Preventing Plagiarism:  Tips and Techniques. National Council of  Teachers of En...
End of presentation.   If you have questions or suggestions,    please see your teacher or e-mail    Ms. Kramer, the MLHS...
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10 plagiarism tutorial2012

  1. 1. Using Sources in your Work: A Tutorial on Avoiding Plagiarism GRADE 10 - 11NOTE:To move through this tutorial, use the mouse to click on the arrow at the bottom right of your screen.
  2. 2. Agenda for This Tutorial Read about examples of plagiarism and the consequences in the real world. Learn more about plagiarism: • What plagiarism is and how one can avoid it • When to cite your sources • How to cite your sources Take a quiz to verify your understanding. Pledge that you will avoid plagiarism.
  3. 3. You know this… don’t you? Sure you do. Teachers have been talking (and talking, and talking) about plagiarism—and how you should avoid it. But, if it is so bad, why do students (and adults) do it?
  4. 4. Why do students plagiarize? Here are some excuses…Why does it matter? My (pick one of the following)teacher/parent/guardian doesn’t care if I do it. Every b else d ody oe Why n s it. o t me too? , The assignment was dumb/boring/too hard/too easy/etc., so why should I put my effort into it?
  5. 5. Why do students plagiarize? Here are some excuses…Why does it matter? My (pick one of the following) teacher/parent/guardian doesn’t care if I do it. Every b I didn’t know else d ody I didn’t oe that I had to Why n s it. understand the o t me cite my too? , assignment sources. and I needed some help. The assignment was dumb/boring/too hard/too easy/etc., so why should I put my effort into it?
  6. 6. Why do students plagiarize? Here are some excuses… I didn’t hWhy does it matter? My (pick ave the t work on ime to do one of the following) my own. the work/reh I had teacher/parent/guardian earsal/pr actice/et doesn’t care if I do it. c. Every b I didn’t know else d ody I didn’t oeI had to. I that I had to Why n s it. understand theneed to o t me cite my too? , assignmenthave good sources. and I neededgrades. some help. The assignment was dumb/boring/too hard/too easy/etc., so why should I put my effort into it?
  7. 7. Why do students plagiarize? Here are some excuses… I didn’t hWhy does it matter? My (pick ave the t work on ime to do one of the following) my own. the work/reh I had teacher/parent/guardian earsal/pr actice/et doesn’t care if I do it. c. Every b I didn’t know else d ody I didn’t oeI had to. I that I had to Why n s it. understand theneed to o t me cite my too? , assignmenthave good sources. and I neededgrades. some help. The assignment was dumb/boring/too hard/too easy/etc., so why should I put my effort into it? Have you heard any of those before?
  8. 8. But those excuses don’t cut it…There is no acceptable excuse for plagiarism. Plagiarism is cheating(and it will be treated as such if it is found in your work). Look at these real life examples…
  9. 9. Real Life Plagiarism Scandals Doris Kearns Goodwin, a Pulitzer Prize winning historian, was forced to step down from the Pulitzer board after she was found to have accidentally used another’s words in one of her books. Kirpatrick, David D. “Author Goodwin Resigns from PulitzerHostetter, Janet. 6 Apr 2006. Associated Press Board.” New York Times. (1 June 2002.) 5 Aug. 2008.Images. 5 Aug 2008. <http://apimages.ap.org> <http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html? res=9C06E7D7143AF932A35755C0A9649C8B63>.
  10. 10. Real Life Plagiarism Scandals After being accused of rampant plagiarism in her work, tenured professor Madonna G. Constantine was fired from her position at Columbia University. Santora, Marc. “Columbia Professor in Noose Case Is Fired on Plagiarism Charges.” New York Times. (24 JuneBondafeff, Dian. 10 Oct. 2007. Associated Press 2008.) 5 Aug. 2008. <http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/24/nyregion/24columbia.Images. 5 Aug 2008. <http://apimages.ap.org>. html?scp=1&sq=Madonna%20Constantine%20&st=cse>.
  11. 11. Real Life Plagiarism Scandals As a reporter for the New York Times, Jayson Blair plagiarized or fabricated in more than 40 stories between 2002 and 2005. He was fired from his job. The top two editors of the newspaper resigned as a result of the scandal. “Correcting the Record.” New York Times. 11 May 2003. The New York Times. 5 Aug 2008. <http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9403E1DB123FF932A25756C0A9659C8B63> Image: Szymaszek, Jennifer. 12 May 2004. Associated Press Images. 5 Aug 2008. <http:// apimages.ap.org>
  12. 12. Real Life Plagiarism Scandals Blair Hornstein was the valedictorian of her high school class and had earned admission to Harvard University. After articles Hornstein wrote for a local newspaper were discovered to have been plagiarized, Harvard University rescinded their acceptance.“Blair Hornstein.” The Gothamist. 14 July 2003. 5 Aug. 2008.<http://gothamist.com/2003/07/14/gothamist.php>. Capuzzo, Jill P. “MOORESTOWN JOURNAL; Seeing Crimson.” New York Times. (20 July 2003.) 5 Aug. 2008. <http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html? res=9E00E6D61E3CF933A15754C0A9659C8B63&scp=4&sq=Blair %20Hornstein%20&st=cse>.
  13. 13. So, as you can see,plagiarism is a serious offense.This presentation is part of your class work so that you know what plagiarism is and how you can avoid it.
  14. 14. Definition of Plagiarism Plagiarism is: • To steal the words or ideas of another person • To pass off the words or ideas of another person as one’s own Further: • It doesn’t matter whether the theft is intentional or accidental. Either way, it is plagiarism.
  15. 15. Let’s look at some hypothetical situations.For each, determine if the student plagiarized or did not. Click on the arrow to move to the next page.
  16. 16. Jack’s SituationJack has an English paper due tomorrow. He read the book and paid attention during class, but he has no idea what to write about.Jack logs onto the Internet “just to get some ideas about topics for his paper.”He finds a great idea and begins writing his paper using the topic he found. He is very careful to avoid copying any text or words from the Internet article he found.Is this plagiarism? Yes No
  17. 17. You must choose from the bluebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented. Click here to return to previous slide
  18. 18. You said… Jack did plagiarize.You are right. Jack’s actions constitute plagiarism. • Jack is committing plagiarism by taking the ideas of the source without citing them in the paper. • Even though he put the ideas in his own words, Jack is stealing the intellectual property of the source.
  19. 19. You said… Jack did not plagiarize.You are wrong. Jack’s actions constitute plagiarism. • Jack is committing plagiarism by taking the ideas of the source without citing them in the paper. • Even though he put the ideas in his own words, Jack is stealing the intellectual property of the source. You are wrong. Jack’s actions constitute plagiarism. • He could avoid plagiarism if he cites the source of the ideas in his paper.
  20. 20. Jill’s SituationDuring history class, Jill is asked to find some background on Fidel Castro’s rise to power.Jill does a Google search and arrives at Wikipedia’s article on Fidel Castro. Without using quotation marks, Jill cuts and pastes several sentences from Wikipedia into her assignment.Is this plagiarism? Yes No
  21. 21. You must choose from the bluebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented. Click here to return to previous slide
  22. 22. You said… Jill did plagiarize.You are right. Jill’s actions constitute plagiarism. • By taking the words from the Wikipedia article, Jill is committing plagiarism. • She can avoid plagiarizing by quoting the article in her assignment and including an entry that describes the source in a bibliography at the end of her paper.
  23. 23. You said… Jill did not plagiarize.You are wrong. Jill’s actions constitute plagiarism. • By taking the words from the Wikipedia article, Jill is committing plagiarism. • She can avoid plagiarizing by quoting the article in her assignment and including an entry that describes the source in a bibliography at the end of her paper.
  24. 24. Gretel’s SituationGretel is a freshman who feels overwhelmed by the high school. When her science teacher assigns a short worksheet on genetics, Gretel is confused and frustrated.During lunch, Gretel “borrows” her friend’s paper and copies the answers onto her own paper.Is this plagiarism? Yes No
  25. 25. You must choose from the bluebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented. Click here to return to previous slide
  26. 26. You said… Gretel did plagiarize.You are right. Gretel’s actions constitute plagiarism. • Even if Gretel’s friend gave permission for Gretel to copy her work, it is still plagiarism. • Gretel is guilty of plagiarism. She tried to take credit for the words and ideas of another person.
  27. 27. You said… Gretel did not plagiarize.You are wrong. Gretel’s actions constitute plagiarism. • Even if Gretel’s friend gave permission for Gretel to copy her work, it is still plagiarism. • When a student attempts to take credit for the words and ideas of another person without acknowledging the original source of the work
  28. 28. Think you’ve got it? Read the following…(and pay attention! There will be a quiz on this information at the end!)
  29. 29. Definition of Plagiarism Plagiarism is: • To steal the words or ideas of another person • To pass off the words or ideas of another person as one’s own • It doesn’t matter whether the theft is intentional or accidental. Either way, it is plagiarism.
  30. 30. How to Avoid Plagiarism Cite the source of any idea or words you take from anyone else. Carefully mark the beginning and end of the source’s words or idea. Provide a bibliography to show where the borrowed material originated.
  31. 31. OK, I get it…there are penalties forplagiarizing because it is stealing someoneelse’s words or ideas. But, if I am not caught, I won’t be penalized. So, what is thebenefit of citing my sources?
  32. 32. Four good reasons for citing sources in your work:• Citing reliable information gives credibility to your work.• Cheating is unethical behavior.• It is only fair to give credit to the source—otherwise, you are stealing the source’s ideas.• The consequences are severe— plagiarism is not worth the risk.
  33. 33. You probably have two questions: (1) What do I need to cite? (2) How do I cite?Read on for the answers…
  34. 34. What do I need to cite? Did you This chart will think of Yes. it? help you decide what must be No. cited. • It was created by Robert A. Harris in Is it The Plagiarism common Yes. Handbook. knowledge? No. Cite it. Do not cite it.
  35. 35. So—the rule is: Did you think of Yes.If you created it it?without any help, No.you do not needto cite the source. Is it commonIf you did not knowledge? Yes.create the No.content, you mustcite the source. Cite it. Do not cite it.
  36. 36. The one exception tothat rule is for“common knowledge.” Did youYou do not need to think of Yes. it?cite the source of anunoriginal piece of No.information IF:(1) an educatedperson should know Is it commonthe information, knowledge? Yes.OR No.(2) it is a fact thatcould be found in an Do not cite it. Cite it.encyclopedia.
  37. 37. So, you don’t need to cite a fact,but you must cite the source of opinions and ideas that are not your own.And, you must cite anytime you use the exact words of the source—even if the words are presenting common knowledge.
  38. 38. So, you don’t need to cite a fact, for example: Harper Lee wrote To Kill a Mockingbird. OR Harper Lee was born in 1926. but you must cite the source of opinions and ideas that are not your own.for example: Dorothy Gale believes that Lord of the Flies is an inspiring story (75). OR According to Joe Smith, Piggy represents the human spirit (15).And, you must cite anytime you use the exact words of the source—even if the words are presenting common knowledge. You must always cite the source of ANY direct quotation.
  39. 39. Take one Did youmore look think of it? Yes.at this No.chart! Is it commonIf the idea and knowledge? Yes.the words are No.yours, you donot need to cite. Cite it. Do not cite it.
  40. 40. So, let’s check to see that youunderstand when you need to citethe source and when you don’t…Answer the following questions and choose the correct answer.
  41. 41. Test Case #1Jack isn’t sure if he needs to cite the source of theinformation below. He found the fact online.“Abraham Lincoln was our 16th president.”What do you think? What should Jack do? Pick one ofthe answers below. Cite the source. Do not cite the This means he will: (1) Either: source. a) Surround with quotation marks, or This means that the information is a b) Put the quotation into his own words, commonly reported fact. It is generally changing the syntax, structure, known and available from many sources. & organization (1) Jack should verify the information in at (2) Include a lead-in giving the source’s name, least two sources, then (3) Give the page number, and (2) Jack will write the well-known information in his own words. (4) List the source in a bibliography
  42. 42. You must choose one of thebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented. Click here to return to previous slide
  43. 43. You are incorrect. In this case, citation is not necessary. Jack does not need to cite the source or quote the information because it is general knowledge. Abraham Lincoln’s status as the 16th President of the US is a fact that is verifiable in many places. Therefore, Jack can use the information without citation.
  44. 44. You are correct! Jack does not need to cite this information. Jack does not need to cite the source or quote the information because it is general knowledge. Abraham Lincoln’s status as the 16th President of the US is a fact that is verifiable in many places. Therefore, Jack can use the information without citation.
  45. 45. Test Case #2In her paper on Affirmative Action, Jill found one source thatexplained that Affirmative Action “evens the field of play byforcing equality among all players.”In her paper, Jill uses the phrase “forcing equality” but she putsall the other parts of the source into her own words.What should Jill do? Pick one of the answers below. Cite the source. Not cite the source. This means she will: This means that the information is generally (1) Either: known and available from multiple sources. a) Surround with quotation marks, or b) Put the quotation into her own words, (1) Jill should verify the information in at changing the syntax, structure, least two sources, then & organization (2) Jill will write the well-known (2) Include a lead-in giving the source’s name, information in his own words. (3) Give the page number, and (3) Jill should make a bibliographic citation (4) List the source in a bibliography for use on her Works Consulted page.
  46. 46. You must choose one of thebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented. Click here to return to previous slide
  47. 47. You are correct! Jill must cite this information. Jill needs to cite the source of the paraphrase because the idea belongs to the source. Further, because Jill uses the unique phrase “forcing equality,” she must include that phrase in quotation marks, indicating that it is a direct quotation from the source.
  48. 48. You are incorrect. In this case, citation is necessary. Jill needs to cite the source of the paraphrase because the idea belongs to the source. Further, because Jill uses the unique phrase “forcing equality,” she must include that phrase in quotation marks, indicating that it is a direct quotation from the source.
  49. 49. Test Case #3Gretel found a very helpful article in an onlinedatabase. She very carefully made sure that sherewrote the content of the article using her ownpersonal style; she changed the author’s syntax andorganization so that it fit seamlessly into her paper.What should Gretel do? Cite the source. Not cite the source. This means she will: This means that the information is generally (1) Either: known and available from multiple sources. a) Surround with quotation marks, or b) Put the quotation into his own words, (1) Gretel should verify the information in at changing the syntax, structure, least two sources, then & organization (2) Gretel will write the well-known (2) Include a lead-in giving the source’s name, information in his own words. (3) Give the page number, and (3) Gretel must include a bibliographic citation (4) List the source in a bibliography on her Works Consulted page.
  50. 50. You must choose one of thebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented. Click here to return to previous slide
  51. 51. You are correct. In this case, citation is required. Gretel paraphrases the source’s idea and content. She must give credit to the source. She must provide her audience with the source of the idea that she borrowed.
  52. 52. You are incorrect! Gretel must cite the source of thisinformation, even though she put it in her own words. Gretel paraphrases the ideas of the source, so she must cite the identity of the source. Gretel must provide her audience with the source of the material that she borrowed.
  53. 53. So, you can identify what must have a citation…Now you need to know how to use and cite a source!
  54. 54. How to Cite a Source It’s easy. Just provide your audience with the source of any ideas or words that are not your own. • First, carefully mark the beginning and end of the source’s words or idea. • Then, provide a bibliography to show where the borrowed material originated. In fact, listing your sources shows your audience that you are an informed, well- researched writer!
  55. 55. How to Cite Direct Quotations Provide a bibliographic entry to show where the borrowed material originated.  Park, Beth L. Understanding William Golding’s Lord of the Flies. Lebo University Press: Pittsburgh, PA, 2008. Carefully mark the beginning and end of the source’s words or idea. • Use a signal phrase to introduce the source. • Use quotation marks to surround the words of the source. • Provide the page number (or another citation) after the closing quotation marks. • EXAMPLE:  According to literary critic Beth L. Parks, Piggy finds peace through “his search for the height of his own potential” (24).
  56. 56. How to Cite Paraphrases Provide a bibliographic entry to show where the borrowed material originated.  Park, Beth L. Understanding William Golding’s Lord of the Flies. Lebo University Press: Pittsburgh, PA, 2008. Carefully mark the beginning and end of the source’s material. • Use a signal phrase to introduce the source • Put the source’s original words into your own words:  It isn’t just about using synonyms to replace words.  You must change the syntax, sentence structure, & organization of the original.  If you find yourself just changing a word here or there, ask yourself if a direct quotation would work. If it would work, then use a direct quotation. • Provide the page number (or another citation) after the closing quotation marks. • EXAMPLE:  According to literary critic Beth L. Parks, Piggy protects his self-esteem by disciplining the other boys (24).
  57. 57. It can be said in a bunch of different ways… eMark thboundaries
  58. 58. It can be said in a bunch of different ways… eMark thboundaries the ket ed B rac row bor
  59. 59. It can be said in a bunch of different ways… e Fence theMark th ndaries bordersbou the ket ed B rac row bor
  60. 60. It can be said in a bunch of different ways… e Fence theMark th ndaries bordersbou the ket ed B rac rowEnclose the bor borrowed
  61. 61. It can be said in a bunch of different ways… Fra me e Fence the usa theMark th ge ndaries bordersbou the ket ed B rac rowEnclose the bor borrowed
  62. 62. It can be said in a bunch of different ways… Fra me e Fence the usa theMark th ge ndaries bordersbou the ket ed Surr B rac rowEnclose the oun the d bor borrowed usag e
  63. 63. It can be said in a bunch of different ways… Fra me e Fence the usa theMark th ge ndaries bordersbou But, they all mean the same thing… Provide a clear indication of any words or ideas that are not your own. the ket ed Circ u ms B rac rowEnclose the the crib bor borrowed usag e e
  64. 64. Can you identify plagiarism when you see it? Try the following four examples. On each you will see the source material and the student’s usage of that material. Use the buttons at the bottom of the screen to choose if the example shows acceptable use or plagiarism.
  65. 65. Acceptable Use or Plagiarism? Example 1Original text from Student’s Text:the source: One reason that Lincoln was well-liked duringIntegrity must be sincere. his lifetime was that his integrity was sincere. That’s one reason A person’s statements and dealings with theLincoln was so admired in world allows that person to be judged ashis lifetime. Through an honest.individual’s words, deeds,and actions, integrity canbe judged to be genuine. Student’s Bibliography: No references given.Donald T. Phillips. Lincoln onLeadership. (52) CHOOSE ONE: Acceptable Use Plagiarism
  66. 66. You must choose one of thebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented. Click here to return to previous slide
  67. 67. You said that the example showed Acceptable Use You are incorrect. Use the arrow at the bottom of this screen to return to the example. Reread the example and see if you can determine why it is plagiarism.
  68. 68. You said that the example showed Plagiarism You are correct! The student put the author’s idea into her own words; however, she did not give credit to the source of the idea.
  69. 69. Acceptable Use or Plagiarism? Example 2Original text from Student’s Text:the source: Phillips believes that the populace’s admirationIntegrity must be sincere. for Lincoln stems from his integrity and honesty That’s one reason (52).Lincoln was so admired inhis lifetime. Through anindividual’s words, deeds,and actions, integrity canbe judged to be genuine. Student’s Bibliography: Phillips, Donald T. Lincoln on Leadership:Donald T. Phillips. Lincoln on Executive Strategies for Tough Times. WarnerLeadership. (52) Books: New York, 1992. CHOOSE ONE: Acceptable Use Plagiarism
  70. 70. You must choose one of thebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented. Click here to return to previous slide
  71. 71. You said that the example showed Acceptable Use You are correct! The student clearly marked the boundaries of the paraphrase: • Providing the author’s name at the beginning of the paraphrase shows where Phillips’ idea starts. • Providing the page number at the end of the paraphrase shows where Phillips’ idea ends. The reference on the bibliography page is accurate.
  72. 72. You said that the example showed Plagiarism You are incorrect! Use the arrow at the bottom of this screen to return to the example. Reread the example and see if you can determine why this usage is acceptable.
  73. 73. Acceptable Use or Plagiarism? Example 3Original text from Student’s Text:the source: Lincoln was so admired in his lifetime becauseIntegrity must be sincere. he had integrity. Integrity must be sincere. That’s one reason Through an individual’s words, deed, andLincoln was so admired in actions, integrity can be judged to be genuine.his lifetime. Through anindividual’s words, deeds,and actions, integrity canbe judged to be genuine. Student’s Bibliography: No references given.Donald T. Phillips. Lincoln onLeadership. (52) CHOOSE ONE: Acceptable Use Plagiarism
  74. 74. You must choose one of thebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented. Click here to return to previous slide
  75. 75. You said that the example showed Acceptable Use You are incorrect! Use the arrow at the bottom of this screen to return to the example. Reread the example and see if you can determine why it is plagiarism.
  76. 76. You said that the example showed Plagiarism You are correct! The student used the exact words of the source without providing any indication of their origin. A reader would believe that this passage is the work of the student.
  77. 77. Acceptable Use or Plagiarism? Example 4Original text from Student’s Text:the source: During his lifetime, people admired LincolnIntegrity must be sincere. because his words, deeds and actions That’s one reason demonstrated his sincere, genuine integrity.Lincoln was so admired inhis lifetime. Through anindividual’s words, deeds,and actions, integrity canbe judged to be genuine. Student’s Bibliography: Phillips, Donald T. Lincoln on Leadership:Donald T. Phillips. Lincoln on Executive Strategies for Tough Times. WarnerLeadership. (52) Books: New York, 1992. CHOOSE ONE: Acceptable Use Plagiarism
  78. 78. You must choose one of thebuttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented. Click here to return to previous slide
  79. 79. You said that the example showed Acceptable Use You are incorrect! Use the arrow at the bottom of this screen to return to the example. Reread the example and see if you can determine why it is plagiarism.
  80. 80. You said that the example showed Plagiarism You are correct! The student changed the order of the words and the structure of the sentences; however, he did not give credit to the Phillips’ book as the source of the idea.
  81. 81. So, to review… Plagiarism is a serious offense. Not only does it carry heavy penalties, but your integrity is damaged when you plagiarize. Plagiarism is easily avoidable—just cite the sources when you use the words or ideas of another person. If you have any questions, see your teacher or school librarian!
  82. 82. Final Directions: Your teacher has a written quiz for you to take on the subject of plagiarism. At the end of the quiz is an honor code statement. You will sign it in order to verify that you have receive this training. You will then have your parent sign the honor code. Your English teacher will collect these signed forms.
  83. 83. Sources ConsultedDeSena, Laura Hennessey. Preventing Plagiarism: Tips and Techniques. National Council of Teachers of English: Urbana, IL, 2007.Harris, Robert A. The Plagiarism Handbook: Strategies for Preventing, Detecting, and Dealing with Plagiarism. Pyrczak Publishing: Los Angeles, 2001.Valenza, Joyce Kasman. “What is Plagiarism? (And Why You Should Care).” Springfield High School Media Center Information Literacy Lessons. Springfield School District.
  84. 84. End of presentation. If you have questions or suggestions, please see your teacher or e-mail Ms. Kramer, the MLHS librarian: mkramer@mtlsd.net

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