Brisbane 2048 (by Design Futures Seminar Group)

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This presentation documents the results of a two day workshop themed Brisbane 2048 in which a group of six designers, academics and planners addressed the threats posed by climate change. Convened by QCA Design Futures Lecturer, Dr Tony Fry, the seminar and workshop aim to communicate the scale of the problems we face in South East Queensland as a result of climate change while also engaging the community with appropriate and affirmative responses. The workshop addressed the large scale impacts and threats of climate change, including environmental refugees, fires, floods, storms and cyclones and disease patterns. The six participants in the workshop – Larry Vint, Petra Perolini, Will Odom, Coral Gillett, Nora Kinnunen and Linda Carroli – developed three types of responses: preparatory actions, protective technologies and affirmative sustainable actions.

Convened by QCA Design Futures Lecturer, Dr Tony Fry, the seminar and workshop aim to communicate the scale of the problems we face in South East Queensland as a result of climate change while also engaging the community with appropriate and affirmative responses. Produced in October 2008 by workshop participants and Tony Fry.

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Brisbane 2048 (by Design Futures Seminar Group)

  1. 1. Brisbane 2048 these times they are a changing Master of Design Futures Program Queensland College of Art
  2. 2. R risks H H heat & fire heat islanding flash flooding storm surges cyclonic winds hail vector carried disease
  3. 3. 2048 concepts / two days + ten years Urban Farming, incl roof gardens Warning systems Home protection Risk code/ sign Climate clothing Retrofit guide Cyclone washers Environmental refugee profile Community equipment stores SES ODF climate defence org. + Shade provision Medical aid volunteers Stormwater Change of work patterns External insulation School curriculum Urban firebreaks Visual campaign Barriers: mech eg levees Infill model – plan for development Protective core Traffic: human powered Science shops Traffic: lightweight renewable Emergency housing Traffic: solar/ night delivery Secure services Traffic: walking lines Decentred city Traffic: car share (hire pools) LAREN River/ sea transport Total transport system Evaporative cooling using river water Community hubs Food: 20% city target (into urban Urban resource management farming)
  4. 4. risks / de-centered city Definition ‘Decentred city’ is used in order to characterise City Business District (CBD) as a heat island which is formed due to adsorption heat from the thermal mass produced by the city. City Business District (CBD) includes: • Infrastructure • Population King George Square redevelopment; completion June 2009 www.brisbane.qld.gov.au/BCC:BASE::pc=PC_2072
  5. 5. de-centered city/ thermal mass Causes: • building materials • building and street design Result: • heat islanding • little day and night temperature difference • a warming of 20 from 2048 • +100 temperature difference from outer suburbs and the city centre
  6. 6. Brisbane Square www.construction-innovation.info/index.php?id=1028
  7. 7. de-centered city/ thermal mass stage 1: • money leaving stage 2: • rush of departures • business closures stage 3: • poor move in
  8. 8. de-centered city/ thermal mass stage 4: • poor move out • CBD becomes too uncomfortable for the poor stage 5: • hyper neglect • very undesirable place flickr.com/photos/craigjewell/2185542104/ Abandoned Albion Flour Mill ,Brisbane
  9. 9. de-centered city/ thermal mass stage 6: • demolition • city is getting flattened stage 7: • recolonise city in a climate adaptive infrastructure. flickr.com/photos/81021905@N00/427863618/ Bellevue Hotel demolished 20 April 1979
  10. 10. Tokyo www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php? t=2008
  11. 11. Johannesburg 2007 www.flickr.com/photos/15040225@N06/1568872956/in/set-72157602415317285/
  12. 12. Detroit 1958 mywebpage.netscape.com/urbandetroit1/vintage/1797.jpg
  13. 13. Detroit 2004 mywebpage.netscape.com/simcityfreak4/IMG_1376.jpg
  14. 14. Brisbane 1956 upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/70/Brisbane_seen_from_air.jpg
  15. 15. Brisbane 2006 commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Brisbane_seen_from_air.jpg
  16. 16. Brisbane 2048 DISCUSSIONS – PROPOSALS – SCENARIOS
  17. 17. Brisbane 2048 / environmental refugees 3 potential ‘waves’ of environmental refugees: 1. internally displaced persons (gradual movement) 2. externally displaced persons (gradual movement) 3. mass influx (caused by peak global event)
  18. 18. environmental refugees / internally displaced persons People Image – murray basin Built Env. Image – infill (informal density??)
  19. 19. environmental refugees / internally displaced persons Built Env. Image??
  20. 20. environmental refugees / internally displaced persons Built Env. Image??
  21. 21. environmental refugees / externally displaced persons People Image – pacific islands? Built Env. Image – infill (i.e. squatter)
  22. 22. environmental refugees / externally displaced persons People Image – pacific islands? Built Env. Image – infill (i.e. squatter)
  23. 23. environmental refugees / externally displaced persons People Image – pacific islands? Built Env. Image – infill (i.e. squatter)
  24. 24. environmental refugees / mass influx People Image – pacific islands? Built Env. Image – infill (i.e. squatter)
  25. 25. environmental refugees / mass influx People Image – pacific islands? Built Env. Image – infill (i.e. squatter)
  26. 26. environmental refugees / mass influx People Image – pacific islands? Built Env. Image – infill (i.e. squatter)
  27. 27. Brisbane 2048 / environmental refugees creating a profile of future environmental refugees climatic adaption knowledge/skills economic physical state social integration
  28. 28. retrofitting
  29. 29. retrofitting thermal mass
  30. 30. retrofitting traffic congestion
  31. 31. retrofitting empty shops
  32. 32. retrofitting overhead power lines
  33. 33. retrofitting buildings in bad repair
  34. 34. retrofitting family home
  35. 35. retrofitting / internal core
  36. 36. retrofitting / internal core what is available
  37. 37. retrofitting / internal core what is available
  38. 38. retrofitting / internal core for existing building
  39. 39. retrofitting / internal core for new buildings
  40. 40. Brisbane 2048 / external insulation retrofitting external insulation… onto existing buildings… to reduce heat load on building envelope… and reduce energy consumed through cooling…
  41. 41. Brisbane 2048 / external insulation retrofitting external insulation: shading - ‘green screens’ - façade structures thermal insulation - aerated concrete
  42. 42. external insulation / green screens Images – ken yeang or etc
  43. 43. external insulation / green screens Images – ken yeang or etc
  44. 44. external insulation / green screens Images – ken yeang or etc
  45. 45. external insulation / façade structures Image – existing building ‘before’ Image – existing building ‘after’ (photoshop)
  46. 46. external insulation / façade structures Image – existing building ‘before’ Image – existing building ‘after’ (photoshop)
  47. 47. external insulation / aerated concrete Image – existing building ‘before’ Image – existing building ‘after’ (photoshop)
  48. 48. external insulation / aerated concrete Image – existing building ‘before’ Image – existing building ‘after’ (photoshop)
  49. 49. external insulation / aerated concrete Image – existing building ‘before’ Image – existing building ‘after’ (photoshop)
  50. 50. retrofitting / infill development urban infill suburban infill infill housing
  51. 51. infill development / urban
  52. 52. infill development / urban
  53. 53. infill development / suburban
  54. 54. infill development / suburban
  55. 55. infill development / infill housing
  56. 56. retrofitting / urban farming cultivating, processing and distributing food in or around a city Bailkey, M. and J. Nasr. 2000. From Brownfields to Greenfields: Producing Food in North American Cities. Community Food Security News. Fall 1999/Winter 2000:6
  57. 57. 50% of the world’s population lives in cities; by 2015 26 cities exceed 10 Million People
  58. 58. average produce item travels 1500 miles 4 liters of fuel / 100 lbs when shipped by truck
  59. 59. Braddock, Pennsylvania, USA http://flickr.com/photos/warmestregards/2413243209/
  60. 60. Cheong-ju, South Korea http://www.flickr.com/photos/daxmelmer/184771143/
  61. 61. Antwerp, Belgium http://www.flickr.com/photos/duvel1000/2868641876/
  62. 62. urban farming / what it is Cabrini Green, Chicago http://www.flickr.com/photos/paytonc/259829347/sizes/l/
  63. 63. Vancover, Canada http://www.flickr.com/photos/sillydog/63252751/sizes/l/
  64. 64. retrofitting / urban farming disconnected pockets of urban farming
  65. 65. urban farming / utilizing roof space
  66. 66. urban farming / utilizing roof space
  67. 67. retrofitting / urban farming agricultural land is used for residential & commercial developments
  68. 68. retrofitting / urban farming meet current & future food demands proactively harvest rainwater metabolize food waste reduce heat islands
  69. 69. retrofitting / transport system “After five millennia of planning cities for people, in the 20th century we planned cities for cars. Yet no one goes to France and says - what great highways Paris has”. Enrique Pe alosa
  70. 70. retrofitting / transport system reclassify streets for a more efficient traffic flow scenario which caters to alternative forms of transport adjust power balance of existing forms of transport explore and encourage alternative forms of transport build responsive infrastructure build amenities along bicycle and pedestrian paths adopt a new culture
  71. 71. reclassify
  72. 72. transport system / reclassify Home Street, Fairfield Kent Street, Perth http://www.bv.com.au Annerley Road, South Brisbane
  73. 73. transport / human-powered Bike actuated signals, Toronto Bicycle Push-Button – Vancouver http://www.toronto.ca/cycling/bikeplan/pdf/ http://www.toronto.ca/cycling/bikeplan/pdf/ chapter04.pdf chapter04.pdf
  74. 74. transport / power of the pedal
  75. 75. Strida foldable bicycle Trisled recumbent http://www.trisled.com.au http://stridaaustralia.com
  76. 76. transport / lightweight vehicles
  77. 77. transport / pedestrian-power
  78. 78. transport / car sharing
  79. 79. retrofitting / from road to water transport
  80. 80. retrofitting / coastal tramping Brisbane Gold Coast http://flickr.com/photos/faraway/173111943/
  81. 81. retrofitting / river transport
  82. 82. retrofitting / river transport R
  83. 83. retrofitting / river transport
  84. 84. retrofitting / LAREN
  85. 85. retrofitting / LAREN
  86. 86. retrofitting / LAREN
  87. 87. retrofitting / LAREN
  88. 88. retrofitting / LAREN
  89. 89. retrofitting / LAREN
  90. 90. actions / communication communication http://flickr.com/photos/bmoyle/2402526793/
  91. 91. communication / science-design shops
  92. 92. communication / science shops <<insert map>>
  93. 93. communication / visual campaign presenting how to see the city in another way
  94. 94. visual campaign / micro-metabolic city http://flickr.com/photos/offchurch-tam/2066559553/sizes/o/
  95. 95. Contemporary Art Center, NY, NY, USA http://flickr.com/photos/lingualx/2685750767/
  96. 96. Brisbane Park(ing) Day http://flickr.com/photos/30258821@N05/
  97. 97. visual campaign / community map City of Memory http://www.cityofmemory.org/map/index.php
  98. 98. visual campaign / re-imaging cityscape Nuage Vert, Helsinki http://www.pixelache.ac/nuage-blog/
  99. 99. communication / visual campaign <meta-category: communication> <visual campaign (Will)> inkahoots http://flickr.com/photos/lightsight/2662870162/sizes/o/
  100. 100. inkahoots http://flickr.com/photos/lightsight/2662870162/sizes/o/
  101. 101. design futures / dialectic of sustainment
  102. 102. the coming moment of sustainment

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