IBM Private Cloud Solutions with IBM i


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Technical overview in relation to the IBM SmartCloud offering (Private Cloud - IaaS) for IBM i customers: the reference architecture leverages IBM PowerVM virtualisation and IBM VMControl virtualisation and automation management capabilities. Self service portal, VM provisioning, metering and billing are provided by IBM SmartCloud Entry.

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IBM Private Cloud Solutions with IBM i

  1. 1. Private Cloud for IBM i IBM Luca Comparini IBM STG Lab Services EMEA
  2. 2. Objective of this session At the end of this session you should have a clear understanding of: – – – – What is the meaning of Cloud Computing and IaaS VMControl terminology – Virtual server – Virtual appliance – Image repository – Capture and Deploy – Server Systems Pool SmartCloud Entry support PowerVC support (SoD)
  3. 3. External links, video & social media IBM SmartCloud Entry: deploy two working environments in minutes VIDEO IBM SmartCloud Entry: deploying an IBM i 7.1 and an AIX 7.1 in less than 7 minutes Howto: using FSM VMControl to deploy an IBM i 7.1 @lucacomparini
  4. 4. What is Cloud Computing From Wikipedia: Cloud computing is the delivery of computing as a service rather than a product, whereby shared resources, software, and information are provided to computers and other devices as a utility (like the electricity grid) over a network (typically the Internet). (…) Cloud computing describes a new supplement, consumption, and delivery model for IT services based on Internet protocols, and it typically involves provisioning of dynamically scalable and often virtualized resources. Key words: computing as a service, shared, scalable, virtualized From Cloud Computing Wiki: Cloud Computing is an execution of compute jobs in multi-tenant elastic environment, where jobs may dynamically scale up or down requesting/releasing resources on a fly. Owner of the process is billed only for used capacity. Key words: dynamically, requesting/releasing, billed for used capacity (automated) (self service portal) (metering & billing)
  5. 5. Computing as a service – main layers From Wikipedia: Application Cloud application services or "Software as a Service (SaaS)" deliver software as a service over the Internet, eliminating the need to install and run the application on the customer's own computers and simplifying maintenance and support. Platform Cloud platform services, also known as platform as a service (PaaS), deliver a computing platform and/or solution stack as a service, often consuming cloud infrastructure and sustaining cloud applications. It facilitates deployment of applications without the cost and complexity of buying and managing the underlying hardware and software layers Infrastructure Cloud infrastructure services, also known as "infrastructure as a service" (IaaS), deliver computer infrastructure – typically a platform virtualization environment – as a service, along with raw (block) storage and networking. Rather than purchasing servers, software, datacenter space or network equipment, clients instead buy those resources as a fully outsourced service. Suppliers typically bill such services on a utility computing basis; the amount of resources consumed (and therefore the cost) will typically reflect the level of activity.
  6. 6. Computing as a service – deployment models Public cloud Public cloud describes cloud computing in the traditional mainstream sense, whereby resources are dynamically provisioned to the general public on a fine-grained, self-service basis over the Internet, via web applications/web services, from an off-site third-party provider who bills on a fine-grained utility computing basis Private cloud Private cloud is infrastructure operated solely for a single organization, whether managed internally or by a third-party and hosted internally or externally. Hybrid cloud Hybrid cloud is a composition of two or more clouds (private, community, or public) that remain unique entities but are bound together, offering the benefits of multiple deployment models.
  7. 7. IBM SmartCloud - Power Cloud focus on IaaS From IBM SmartCloud:
  8. 8. The journey to Cloud for IBM i clients Infrastructure as a Service Technologies Infrastructure Platform Management and Administration Availability and Performance Security and Compliance Usage and Accounting Orchestrate with advanced cloud Automate Service Orchestration and Integration This is not always a linear progression. Some clients begin by optimizing their virtualization foundation for a workload, then gradually move to cloud. with entry cloud Basic cloud (Self-service, admin, VM provisioning) Basic cloud (Self-service, admin, VM provisioning) Virtualization & platform management Virtualization & platform management Virtualization & platform management Virtualized Servers, Storage, Networking Virtualized Servers, Storage, Networking Virtualized Servers, Storage, Networking Integrate your virtualized foundation Others require cloud capabilities from the beginning and may start with advanced cloud or entry cloud solutions. A client may be in all of these stages w/ different workloads across their data center.
  9. 9. IBM i Cloud Stack Reference Configuration  IBM i v7.1 – –  POWER7 – –  – VIOS provides needed virtualization layer IBM Systems Director VMControl – –  Management underpinnings for a virtualized environment PowerVM with VIOS –  With associated management software Optimized to serve storage to multiple environments HMC management appliance –  Rock solid hardware as a base Reference example is Power 740 External storage (DS8000, V7000…) –  Additional function enabled with TRs (Technology Refreshes) Enabled for provisioning (TR3 and later) Image repository Rapid provisioning SmartCloud Entry – Entry cloud functionality
  10. 10. PureFlex as a Cloud ready platform for IBM i  IBM i v7.1 – –  IBM PureFlex Standard / Enterprise – – – – –  Additional function enabled with TRs (Technology Refreshes) Enabled for provisioning (TR3 and later) IBM Flex Chassis IBM p260/p270/p460/p470 compute nodes IBM PowerVM (VIOS) IBM V7000 Storage IBM Flex Systems Manager (FSM) advanced SmartCloud Entry – Entry cloud functionality
  11. 11. Implementing IBM SmartCloud Entry on Power
  12. 12. VMControl overview IBM
  13. 13. What is IBM Systems Director VMControl What is VMControl A plugin for IBM Systems Director; a native plugin of IBM Flex Systems Manager. A cross-platform suite of products that assists you in rapidly deploying virtual appliances to create virtual servers, which are configured with the operating system and software applications Designed to simplify the management of workloads in your IT environment Advanced features enables you to group resources into system pools – Centrally manage and control different workloads – Consolidate workloads into distinct and manageable groups
  14. 14. VMControl Editions
  15. 15. PureFlex FSM editions basic advanced The IBM Flex System Manager advanced feature set upgrade offers the following advanced features: - Image management (VMControl Standard) - Pool management (VMControl Enterprise)
  16. 16. IBM Cloud is built around Open Standards OVF standardizes a virtual machine image structure and packaging format – The Open Virtualization Format is being standardized in the DMTF. – Allows complex software solutions to be defined as compositions of virtual machine images. – IBM’s collaboration with other industry leaders has driven the OVF standard. A Virtual Machine Image: – Simplifies delivery and deployment of complex software systems – Provides pre-installed, pre-configured and tested software – Operating Systems, Middleware and/or Application Software – The entire software solution is managed (deployed, updated, etc.) as a unit Removes the need to deal with problematic dependency management Virtual Machine Images enable the delivery of SaaS in the Cloud – IBM Software is being delivered as Virtual Appliances (e.g. WebSphere CloudBurst) – Many others within the industry are forming ecosystems around Virtual Machine Images VMControl enables the delivery and management of Open Standard Virtual Machine Images on IBM Systems.
  17. 17. Understanding terminology in VMControl Virtual Servers – – – – LPARs on Power Virtual machines in z/VM and VMware environments. Must be part of a virtualization environment that is supported by IBM Systems Director Logical equivalent of a physical platform Software application Operating system
  18. 18. Understanding terminology in VMControl Virtual Appliance Ready-to-deploy operating system and LPAR definition – Stored in IBM System Director VMControl Image Repository – Contains metadata describing the virtual server (LPAR) the image requires – Stored in raw disk format + Open Virtualization Format (OVF) file for IBM i – Image reference Software application Operating system Metadata
  19. 19. Understanding terminology in VMControl Workloads – – – One or more virtual servers that can be monitored and managed as a single entity Automatically created when you deploy a virtual appliance Can be created by grouping together one or more virtual servers Virtual Appliance Image reference Software application Operating system Metadata deployed
  20. 20. Understanding terminology in VMControl System pools – – – Group of Power Systems or blades managed as a single IT resource Private cloud for deploying business workloads Facilitates the relocation of virtual servers from one host to others hosts in the system pool Fibre Channel
  21. 21. IBM i provisioning with VMControl IBM
  22. 22. The overall picture
  23. 23. VMControl standard edition Deploy Virtual Machines Capture Virtual Machines Open Virtualization Format (OVF)      Discover and manage heterogeneous image repositories Capture and catalog new virtual images from existing systems Simplified virtual image deployment and customization Dynamically provision virtual server, storage and network resource Leverages OVF open standard packaging for interoperability
  24. 24. Image Repository Storage Copy Service (SCS) based provisioning is - A provisioning service that allocates Virtual Servers, SAN resources, and copies OS images via VIOS “dd” copy or SVC/V7000/DS8000 Fast Copy (for both deploy and capture) - A provisioning service that uses VMControl Common Repository to manage and deploy AIX/SUSE/RHEL/IBM i “raw” images - A method that uses VIOS as the “Image Control Point” for the CR repository - Capable of deploying VAs from a VMControl CR as new Power platform virtual servers or onto existing virtual servers on Power platforms
  25. 25. Activation Engine Customization information from UI (ip configuration) is built into an OVF “Environment Document” ovf.env.xml A virtual optical drive is created and attached to new virtual server and ovf.env.xml document file is loaded into drive. - Allows the document to be accessible to the activation engine when the new virtual server boots up - Requires at least one VIOS OS be discovered and have access on the host system where new virtual server is deployed Timer is used to remove the virtual optical drive after an hour - If director ended and restarted in that hour virtual optical would be removed when virtual server is relocated
  26. 26. Activation Engine
  27. 27. Capture IBM i LPAR overview Install and configure VMControl and Storage Control/TPC – SAN automation and Storage Copy Services capture are required – NIM capture is not supported for IBM I Prepare IBM i LPAR* – v7.1 TR3 or later – Install/verify required LPPs and PTFs – Install and enable activation engine (AE, also distributed as PTF) Discover and unlock IBM i LPAR in Director – Director Common Agent is not required in IBM i for this function Collect inventory on IBM i LPAR Shut down IBM i LPAR Use VMControl Capture wizard
  28. 28. Capture IBM i LPAR overview
  29. 29. Capture IBM i LPAR - name
  30. 30. Capture IBM i LPAR – select disks
  31. 31. Capture IBM i LPAR – verify the relationships
  32. 32. Capture IBM i LPAR – networking
  33. 33. Capture IBM i LPAR – versioning
  34. 34. Capture IBM i LPAR – finish
  35. 35. Capture IBM i LPAR – execute now
  36. 36. Capture IBM i LPAR – captured
  37. 37. Deploy IBM i LPAR overview Select correct IBM i image in VMControl Use VMControl deploy wizard Select individual Power server on which to deploy Server system pool support for IBM i is planned – Enter network customization information for new LPAR – AE runs on initial IPL after deploy to customize networking
  38. 38. Deploy IBM i LPAR – select virtual appliance
  39. 39. Deploy IBM i LPAR – select the Power Pool
  40. 40. Deploy IBM i LPAR – what is a systems pool (1/6)
  41. 41. Deploy IBM i LPAR – what is a systems pool (2/6)
  42. 42. Deploy IBM i LPAR – what is a systems pool (3/6)
  43. 43. Deploy IBM i LPAR – what is a systems pool (4/6)
  44. 44. Deploy IBM i LPAR – what is a systems pool (5/6)
  45. 45. Deploy IBM i LPAR – what is a systems pool (6/6)
  46. 46. Deploy IBM i LPAR – choose disks
  47. 47. Deploy IBM i LPAR – additional options
  48. 48. Deploy IBM i LPAR – workload name
  49. 49. Deploy IBM i LPAR – choose networking
  50. 50. Deploy IBM i LPAR – network customization
  51. 51. Deploy IBM i LPAR – finish
  52. 52. Deploy IBM i LPAR – deploying
  53. 53. Deploy IBM i LPAR – deploy completed
  54. 54. SmartCloud Entry support IBM
  55. 55. IBM SmartCloud Entry on Power Cloud management software that runs on top of PowerVM and VMControl Virtualization Foundation Heterogeneous Cloud Management, with OpenStack embedded Manages Power Cloud – Manages X86 based Cloud (Vmware, KVM, Hyper-V) Provides entry cloud functionality: – Self Service UI – Automated provisioning of virtual servers. – Automated de-provisioning of virtual servers – Cloning/snapshots of workloads – Starting/stopping servers – Resizing existing servers Provides additional Cloud functionality: – Approval Life Cycle – Expiration Policies – Multi-tenancy through Projects – Email notifications – Billing and Accounting – Metering –
  56. 56. Deploy IBM i with IBM SmartCloud Entry 1st Click Manage Appliances represents the Service Catalog, aka the Cloud “Image Catalog”. Users can browse the “Image Catalog” and select only the virtual appliances they are entitled on.
  57. 57. Deploy IBM i with IBM SmartCloud Entry 2nd Click Virtual Appliances are listed by Project and/or by Cloud Pool. This ensures and element of multi-tenancy.
  58. 58. Deploy IBM i with IBM SmartCloud Entry 3rd Click The virtual appliance must be selected, so that the user can decide to Deploy.
  59. 59. Deploy IBM i with IBM SmartCloud Entry 4th Click
  60. 60. PowerVC support IBM
  61. 61. IBM PowerVC support (Statement of Direction) “Systems Director offers lots of features and across platform (x86 and mainframe) support not found in PowerVC in the near future like Automated response, system log collection, VM inventory, upgrading HMC, system firmware and AIX etc. PowerVC can be seen more as an VMControl equivalent but we will have to wait and see as features grow in later versions before stating one is a replacement. Also the first release of PowerVC does not include some VMControl features like IBM i, NIM installs or Shared Storage Pools.”
  62. 62. Thank you IBM