Cell Analogy

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  • Cell Analogy

    1. 1. Eukaryotic (Plant) Cell vs. Apartment Sample: Cell Analogy Project
    2. 2. Typical Plant Cell vs. My Apartment
    3. 3. Cell Wall = Walls of Apartment <ul><li>Thick and rigid structure </li></ul><ul><li>Surrounds cell </li></ul><ul><li>Provides support </li></ul><ul><li>Provides protection </li></ul><ul><li>Maintains shape </li></ul><ul><li>Bonds with other “cell walls” </li></ul><ul><li>In plants: composed of cellulose fiber </li></ul>
    4. 4. Plasma Membrane = Front Door <ul><li>Inside “cell wall” </li></ul><ul><li>Support and Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Barrier between “cell” and its environment </li></ul><ul><li>Controls what goes in and comes out </li></ul><ul><li>In plants: thin layer of protein and fat </li></ul>
    5. 5. Lysosome = Dexter <ul><li>Attack intruders </li></ul><ul><li>Break down food particles </li></ul><ul><li>In plants: made up of digestive enzymes </li></ul><ul><li>Uncommon </li></ul>
    6. 6. Nucleus = Laptop <ul><li>Stores important information </li></ul><ul><li>In plants: spherical body containing many organelles </li></ul>
    7. 7. Vacuole = Refrigerator <ul><li>Filled with food and water </li></ul><ul><li>Stores nutrients </li></ul><ul><li>In plants: large, membrane-bound space </li></ul><ul><li>Typically one per cell, may be more </li></ul>
    8. 8. Amyloplast = Bread Cabinet <ul><li>Stores starches that provide energy </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller than “vacuole” </li></ul><ul><li>Found only in starchy plants such as fruits and tubers </li></ul><ul><li>Gives sugary taste </li></ul>
    9. 9. Chloroplast = Jimmy John’s Delivery Guy <ul><li>Use energy to make food </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver food to “cell” </li></ul><ul><li>In plants: contain chlorophyll, giving plants a green color </li></ul>
    10. 10. Endoplasmic Reticulum = Stairs <ul><li>Provides transportation of materials throughout cell </li></ul><ul><li>In plants: network of tubes and membranes </li></ul><ul><li>Smooth & Rough ER </li></ul>
    11. 11. Ribosomes = Katie, Roommate <ul><li>Small bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Synthesize proteins </li></ul><ul><li>In plants: composed to RNA-rich cytoplasmic granules </li></ul><ul><li>Freely moving or attached to ER </li></ul>
    12. 12. Golgi Body = Ann, Roommate <ul><li>Packs proteins and carbohydrates into “vesicles” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Vesicles” then exported from “cell” </li></ul><ul><li>In plants: flattened, layered sac-like organelle </li></ul><ul><li>Resembles stack of pancakes </li></ul>
    13. 13. The End <ul><li>Special thanks to all those who made this PowerPoint possible: </li></ul><ul><li>Ribsomes……..….Katherine Beatty </li></ul><ul><li>Golgi Body………….Ann Nickelson </li></ul><ul><li>Lysosome………….Dexter the kitty </li></ul>

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