Writing basics


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Covers grammar and basic mechanics in writing.

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Writing basics

  1. 1. Writing Basics Check forgrammar, spelling, punctuation, and other mechanics
  2. 2. Six Comma Rules - 11. Put a comma before these connecting words known as FANBOYS when they connect two independent sentences: • For- And-Nor- But-Or- Yet- So • We may leave Friday, or we may wait until Monday.2. Put a comma between items in a series. • She put down the phone, picked up her purse, and left.3. Use a comma to set off introductory words, phrases, or clauses. • Fortunately, Mrs. Smith had brought her credit card. • If the response is good, we’ll repeat the advertisement.
  3. 3. Six Comma Rules - 24. Put commas around the name of a person spoken to. • I think, Sylvia, that you are absolutely right. • Kim, how about a game of tennis?5. Put commas around an interrupter, like however, moreover, etc. • We knew, of course, that we were late. • We didn’t expect, therefore, to get seats.6. Use commas around nonessential material and transitional words. • The passage of related measures, Hamilton believed, would enable the United States to realize its destiny as a great industrial nation.
  4. 4. Semicolon and Its Use with Adverbs A semicolon separates two complete ideas whose contents are closely related. ̶ The project was finally completed; we had done a good week’s work. Semicolons used with conjunctive adverbs (however, therefore, in fact, consequently) and other transitional phrases: ̶ Incorrect: The job is filled, however, we will keep your résumé on file. ̶ Correct: The job is filled; however, we will keep your résumé on file.
  5. 5. Run-on Sentence, Comma SpliceThe run-on sentence crams too many ideas together with noadequate sign given to mark the break or pause. ̶ Run-on sentence: Sarah did a great job she was promoted to GM.A comma splice is a run-on sentence with a comma. (That is, twocomplete ideas, which should be separated by a period or a semicolon, areincorrectly joined by a comma.) ̶ Comma splice: Sara did a great job, she was promoted to GM. ̶ You may correct this run-on sentence comma splice in several ways:  Correct: Sarah did a great job. She was promoted to General Manager.  Correct: Sarah did a great job, and she was promoted to GM.  Correct: Sarah did a great job; she was promoted to General Manager. • Substitute period with semicolon to signal a relationship).  Correct: Sarah did a great job; consequently, she was promoted to GM.
  6. 6. Sentence ClarityWhy do we need to be concerned with sentence clarity? To communicate effectively to the reader To make writing persuasive To show credibility and authority as a writer