An Innovation to Help
Underprivileged Kids

Prepared and Presented
by Dr. Haggen So
Released under Creative Commons Attrib...
How to start a Good Startup?
A Great Idea

Solve an Important Problem
With a New Solution
Marketing
$$$ Funding $$$
One Laptop Per Child (OLPC)

http://www.flickr.com/photos/olpcasia/4033678409
The Problem

Poverty
Kids
The Solution

Give a man a fish,
and you feed him for a day;
show him how to catch fish,
and you feed him for a lifetime.
The Solution

Education
Technology
Dynabook
1972, Alan Kay

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Dynabook.png CC BY-
One Laptop per Child
$100 Laptop, 2006

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:XO-Beta1-mikemcgregor-2.jpg CC BY
One Laptop per Child
Figure Head

Nicholas Negroponte of MIT
http://laptop.org/about/people/negroponte CC
Video

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-
5 Principles

1.The kids keep the laptops.
2.Focus on early education.
3.No one gets left out.
4.Connection to the Interne...
1. The kids keep the laptops.
3. No one gets left out.
4. Connection
Kids learning by doing
with XOs
in Groups

↓

Social ...
Video
Walter Bender 3:24

http://www.youtube.com/watch?
Education in the Third World
3 Objectives

Being both a learner and a teacher
Being social
Being expressive
Social Constructivism
Memorize

http://wiki.laptop.org/go/File:Memorize_play.png CC BY-
Social Constructivism
Memorize

http://wikieducator.org/File:Kos-olpc-lessonres-4.jpg CC BY-
Turtle Art

http://wiki.laptop.org/images/5/5c/TA-Sierpinski.png CC BY
Python

http://wiki.laptop.org/go/File:Captura_pantalla_de_
%22Pippy_Activity_pizza%22.png CC BY-SA
Free Software
Open Source
The freedom to run the program, for any
purpose (freedom 0).
The freedom to study how the progra...
Free Software
Open Source
The freedom to redistribute copies so you can
help your neighbor (freedom 2).
The freedom to imp...
Free/Open Source
Free Content
Children can legally change the software and
the content
Children can contribute
Essential t...
Gates Foundation gives
$1M to Greek library

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
has given a $1 million award
to the Veria...
Gates Foundation (Cont')

Microsoft Corp. (NASDAQ: MSFT) will provide
the library with donated software
and technology tra...
Criticism

Should the Gates Foundation
Support Linux and Apple Computers
in Public Libraries?
Phil Shapiro

http://www.pcw...
Startup Revisit

Solve an Important Problem
With a Great Solution
Marketing
$$$ Funding $$$
Funding
AMD
Google
Marvell Technology Group
Red Hat
Quanta
and more Corporations
and Individuals
Deployment

2.4 Million Laptop Worldwide
Peru 860,000
Uruguay 510,000
Rwanda 110,000
Australia 4,400
One Laptop Per Child
Asia Pacific HQ
is in
Hong Kong
2009 Sichuan

http://www.flickr.com/photos/olpcasia/4033678409
2009 Bhutan

http://www.flickr.com/photos/laihiu/4045141021/ CC BY
2012 Local Deployment

http://www.flickr.com/photos/digilit/7933070662
2013 OLPC Basecamp

https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?
fbid=10101827562521972&set=oa.235028823324767&type=3&theater
Other Deployment in APAC
Cambodia
Indonesia
Malaysia
Nepal
Pakistan
Vietnam
...
So is it All Good?
Criticism

https://www.facebook.com/pages/WebOrganic-%E6%9C
%89%E6%A9%9F%E4%B8%8A%E7%B6%B2/170870822976369
Non-Profit

Slow in Progress
OLPC XO
2008

X0-1

2010 X0-1.5
2012 X0-1.75
2013

X0-4
(touch
screen)

AMD Geode
256MB RAM,
433MHz
1GB Flash
Via C7-M
1GB...
Commercial Products

2008 Netbook
2010 iPad
2011 Android Tablet
Social Constructivism
& Teachers

From Knowledge Providers
To Facilitators
Video
Uruguay 13:00 and 21:15

http://www.youtube.com/watch?
3 Objectives

Being both a learner and a teacher
Being social
Being expressive
More Criticism

https://www.facebook.com/pages/WebOrganic-%E6%9C
%89%E6%A9%9F%E4%B8%8A%E7%B6%B2/170870822976369
Evaluation

What did the Founder Say?

http://www.hyperpublic.org/schedule/
Academic Research
No evidence is found of effects on enrollment
and test scores in Math and Language. Some
positive effect...
Startup Analogy

Perseverance
vs
Stubbornness
Conclusion

OLPC is an adventure
OLPC is transparent
Credits

Template:
http://templates.libreoffice.org/templatecenter/blue_half_circle_with_transparency
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One Laptop Per Child - An Innovation for Underprivileged Kids

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One Laptop Per Child - An Innovation for Underprivileged Kids

  1. 1. An Innovation to Help Underprivileged Kids Prepared and Presented by Dr. Haggen So Released under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong Licence This slide is prepared using LibreOffice Impress
  2. 2. How to start a Good Startup?
  3. 3. A Great Idea Solve an Important Problem With a New Solution
  4. 4. Marketing
  5. 5. $$$ Funding $$$
  6. 6. One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) http://www.flickr.com/photos/olpcasia/4033678409
  7. 7. The Problem Poverty Kids
  8. 8. The Solution Give a man a fish, and you feed him for a day; show him how to catch fish, and you feed him for a lifetime.
  9. 9. The Solution Education Technology
  10. 10. Dynabook 1972, Alan Kay https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Dynabook.png CC BY-
  11. 11. One Laptop per Child $100 Laptop, 2006 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:XO-Beta1-mikemcgregor-2.jpg CC BY
  12. 12. One Laptop per Child Figure Head Nicholas Negroponte of MIT http://laptop.org/about/people/negroponte CC
  13. 13. Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-
  14. 14. 5 Principles 1.The kids keep the laptops. 2.Focus on early education. 3.No one gets left out. 4.Connection to the Internet. 5.Free to grow and adopt.
  15. 15. 1. The kids keep the laptops. 3. No one gets left out. 4. Connection Kids learning by doing with XOs in Groups ↓ Social Constructivism
  16. 16. Video Walter Bender 3:24 http://www.youtube.com/watch?
  17. 17. Education in the Third World
  18. 18. 3 Objectives Being both a learner and a teacher Being social Being expressive
  19. 19. Social Constructivism Memorize http://wiki.laptop.org/go/File:Memorize_play.png CC BY-
  20. 20. Social Constructivism Memorize http://wikieducator.org/File:Kos-olpc-lessonres-4.jpg CC BY-
  21. 21. Turtle Art http://wiki.laptop.org/images/5/5c/TA-Sierpinski.png CC BY
  22. 22. Python http://wiki.laptop.org/go/File:Captura_pantalla_de_ %22Pippy_Activity_pizza%22.png CC BY-SA
  23. 23. Free Software Open Source The freedom to run the program, for any purpose (freedom 0). The freedom to study how the program works, and change it to make it do what you wish (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
  24. 24. Free Software Open Source The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2). The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements (and modified versions in general) to the public, so that the whole community benefits (freedom 3). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
  25. 25. Free/Open Source Free Content Children can legally change the software and the content Children can contribute Essential to Social Constructivism
  26. 26. Gates Foundation gives $1M to Greek library The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has given a $1 million award to the Veria Central Public Library in Veria, Greece. http://www.bizjournals.com/seattle/stories/2010/08/09/daily33.htm
  27. 27. Gates Foundation (Cont') Microsoft Corp. (NASDAQ: MSFT) will provide the library with donated software and technology training curriculum. http://www.bizjournals.com/seattle/stories/2010/08/09/daily33.htm
  28. 28. Criticism Should the Gates Foundation Support Linux and Apple Computers in Public Libraries? Phil Shapiro http://www.pcworld.com/article/171291/Should_the_Gates_Foundation_Support _Linux_and_Apple_Computers_in_Public_Libraries.html
  29. 29. Startup Revisit Solve an Important Problem With a Great Solution Marketing $$$ Funding $$$
  30. 30. Funding AMD Google Marvell Technology Group Red Hat Quanta and more Corporations and Individuals
  31. 31. Deployment 2.4 Million Laptop Worldwide Peru 860,000 Uruguay 510,000 Rwanda 110,000 Australia 4,400
  32. 32. One Laptop Per Child Asia Pacific HQ is in Hong Kong
  33. 33. 2009 Sichuan http://www.flickr.com/photos/olpcasia/4033678409
  34. 34. 2009 Bhutan http://www.flickr.com/photos/laihiu/4045141021/ CC BY
  35. 35. 2012 Local Deployment http://www.flickr.com/photos/digilit/7933070662
  36. 36. 2013 OLPC Basecamp https://www.facebook.com/photo.php? fbid=10101827562521972&set=oa.235028823324767&type=3&theater
  37. 37. Other Deployment in APAC Cambodia Indonesia Malaysia Nepal Pakistan Vietnam ...
  38. 38. So is it All Good?
  39. 39. Criticism https://www.facebook.com/pages/WebOrganic-%E6%9C %89%E6%A9%9F%E4%B8%8A%E7%B6%B2/170870822976369
  40. 40. Non-Profit Slow in Progress
  41. 41. OLPC XO 2008 X0-1 2010 X0-1.5 2012 X0-1.75 2013 X0-4 (touch screen) AMD Geode 256MB RAM, 433MHz 1GB Flash Via C7-M 1GB RAM, 4GB 400MHz Flash Armada 610 1GB RAM, 8GB (ARM) 800 MHz Flash Marvell 2GB RAM, 8GB PXA2128 (ARM) Flash 1GHz
  42. 42. Commercial Products 2008 Netbook 2010 iPad 2011 Android Tablet
  43. 43. Social Constructivism & Teachers From Knowledge Providers To Facilitators
  44. 44. Video Uruguay 13:00 and 21:15 http://www.youtube.com/watch?
  45. 45. 3 Objectives Being both a learner and a teacher Being social Being expressive
  46. 46. More Criticism https://www.facebook.com/pages/WebOrganic-%E6%9C %89%E6%A9%9F%E4%B8%8A%E7%B6%B2/170870822976369
  47. 47. Evaluation What did the Founder Say? http://www.hyperpublic.org/schedule/
  48. 48. Academic Research No evidence is found of effects on enrollment and test scores in Math and Language. Some positive effects are found, however, in general cognitive skills as measured by Raven’s Progressive Matrices, a verbal fluency test and a Coding test. Technology and Child Development: Evidence from the One Laptop per Child Program Cristia J., Ibarrarán P., Cueto S., Santiago A., Severín E. 2012 http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2032444
  49. 49. Startup Analogy Perseverance vs Stubbornness
  50. 50. Conclusion OLPC is an adventure OLPC is transparent
  51. 51. Credits Template: http://templates.libreoffice.org/templatecenter/blue_half_circle_with_transparency

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