Copyright and Creative Commons


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Presentation at Week 7 GPA1035, Chinese University Hong Kong

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  • 法律條款的摘要
  • 130 million 13 億
  • Copyright and Creative Commons

    1. 1. Copyrights and Creative Commons GPA 1035 Prepared and Presented by Dr. Haggen So Released under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong Licence
    2. 2. Introduction to Copyright in HK 知識產權署 教育與版權 http://www /chi/education .htm
    3. 3. Other Systems for Legal Use without Clearance Fair Use – Non-exhaustive Model Fair Dealing – Exhaustive Model
    4. 4. Fair Use <ul><li>Applicable in the US </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose and character of use </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of work </li></ul><ul><li>Amount of work being copied </li></ul><ul><li>Effect on monetary return </li></ul>
    5. 5. Fair Dealing <ul><li>UK, Commonwealth, HK </li></ul><ul><li>Prescribed in Hong Kong Copyright Ordinance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research and private study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Criticism, review and news reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incidental inclusion of copyright material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provisions for disabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fair dealing for purposes instruction and examination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal or Governmental Use </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Fair Dealing (Cont') <ul><li>Within the prescribed categories, 4 points for considerations in Education within HKCO </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the purpose and nature of the dealing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the nature of the work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the amount and substantiality of the portion dealt with in relation to whole work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the effect on the potential market value of the work </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Guidelines for Photocopying of Printed Works by Not-for-profit Educational Establishments <ul><li>Fair Dealing prescribed in HKCO in the 2007 amendment ultimately depends on the interpretation of the courts </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines developed by a group of users and copyright owners under the coordination of Intellectual Property Department </li></ul><ul><li>Updated 2004 </li></ul>
    8. 8. Guidelines (Cont.) <ul><li>Articles in newspapers or periodicals - a complete article of any length </li></ul><ul><li>Poems - not more than 250 words </li></ul><ul><li>Stories or essays - not more than 2,500 words </li></ul><ul><li>Textbook - not more than 2% of the number of pages of a textbook in one month, not more than 5% in an academic year </li></ul><ul><li>For articles in periodicals, poems, stories or essays - not more than 3 works from the same author for one course in an academic year </li></ul>
    9. 9. Copyright Clearance <ul><li>Use beyond Fair Dealing – Clearance Required </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask Author </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Reprographic Rights Licensing Society (HKRRLS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Copyright Licensing Association (HKCLA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Composers and Authors Society of Hong Kong (CASH) </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. CC Video http://www .youtube .com/watch?v=qzC99sf2u7g
    11. 11. balance All Rights Reserved No Rights Reserved © Creative Commons
    12. 12. Copyright Limitation on Creativity To stimulate more Creativity
    13. 13. Copyright &quot;Copyright Clause&quot; in US Constitution, 1787 To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.
    14. 14. Copyright 1710 Statute of Anna 14+14 yr to 1998 Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act (Mickey Mouse Protection Act) 95 yr
    15. 15. Prof. Lawrence Lessig
    16. 16. Lessig Raised in a Republican Family Turn Democrat with Outside Exposure
    17. 17. Eldred A Passionate father who wished to encourage reading by putting Classics on the Web Mickey Mouse Protection Act was a show stopper Became a Test Case
    18. 18. History of Creative Commons 2001 Kick-Off 2002 Six Licences (Six Contracts)
    19. 19. purpose
    20. 20. licence elements: Attribution 署名 Non-Commercial 非商業性 No Derivative Works 禁止衍生 Share Alike 相同方式共享
    21. 21. the licences Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives (by-nc-nd) Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike (by-nc-sa) Attribution Non-commercial (by-nc) Attribution No Derivatives (by-nd) Attribution Share Alike (by-sa) Attribution (by) 6 variations
    22. 22. 授權條款 署名 非商業性 禁止衍生 (by-nc-nd) 署名 非商業性 相同方式共享 (by-nc-sa) 署名 非商業性 (by-nc) 署名 禁止衍生 (by-nd) 署名 相同方式共享 (by-sa) 署名 (by) 6 個不同條款
    23. 23. three expressions: Human-Readable: Commons Deed Lawyer-Readable: Legal Code Machine-Readable: Digital Code, Metadata
    24. 24. Common Deed 法律條款的摘要
    25. 25. Legal Code 授權條款全文
    26. 26. Digital Code 數碼源碼 <a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;;><img alt=&quot;Creative Commons License&quot; style=&quot;border-width:0&quot; src=&quot;; /></a><br />本 著作 係採用<a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;;>共享創意 署名-非商業性-相同方式共享 3.0 香港 授權條款</a>授權.
    27. 27. History of Creative Commons 2001 Kick-Off 2002 Six Licences 2004 台灣創用 CC 2006 中国大陆知识共享 2008 香港共享創意
    28. 28. It all began when the Journalism and Media Studies Centre was willing to take the lead
    29. 29. Localization of Licences The Legal Lead completed Two rounds public consultations CCi approved the localization of six CC licences
    30. 30. Community Outreach CC presentations at different occasions Production of CC Education Kit with interviews from renowned artist, composer, writer and IT expert
    31. 31. Pre-Launch Event &quot;Free Culture and Free Society: Can the West Love Both?&quot; The Inaugural Lee Shu Pui Leung Wai Hing Distinguished Lecture in Digital Media A lecture hosted by JMSC, HKU held on 24 Oct. with Lessig giving a lecture to the general public
    32. 33. Launch on 25 Oct ! ! HKICC Lee Shau Kee School of Creativity
    33. 37. Media Coverage More than 20 Articles in various Newspapers Several Radio interviews Lessig's interview was broadcast on TV
    34. 38. Highlights of Adoption OpenRadio MySinaBlog Kwun Tong Culture and Histories RTHK
    35. 39. OpenRadio
    36. 40. MySinaBlog
    37. 41. Kwun Tong Culture and Histories
    38. 42. RTHK Creative Archive http://www .rthk .org .hk/creativearchive /
    39. 43. Local Adoption Language Type Usage: 30 Apr Usage: 13 Aug % Chg English by 13,620 15,479 13.65% English by-nc 40,259 42,628 5.88% English by-nc-nd 72,466 87,679 20.99% English by-nc-sa 70,488 81,117 15.08% English by-nd 11,053 14,259 29.01% English by-sa 7,927 10,739 35.47% Chinese by 71 73 2.82% Chinese by-nc 2,834 3,635 28.26% Chinese by-nc-nd 1,488 1,952 31.18% Chinese by-nc-sa 1,393 2,920 109.62% Chinese by-nd 91 143 57.14% Chinese by-sa 98 93 -5.10%   Total 221,788 260,717 17.55%
    40. 44. Growth of CC Works Worldwide
    41. 45. Search CC Licensed Works
    42. 46. Search CC Licensed Works
    43. 47. License Your Works in CC
    44. 48. Problems <ul><li>Practical – InMediaHK </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophical – What is the Commons? </li></ul>
    45. 49. InMediaHK
    46. 50. Philosophical – What is the Commons? <ul><li>Compatibility between Licences - Commons without Commonality </li></ul><ul><li> http:/ /creativecommons .org .tw /static/choose/license /licwizeng </li></ul><ul><li>Problems highlighted in Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution </li></ul>
    47. 51. Conclusion <ul><li>The current copyright system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over-developed and Complicated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Probably biased towards the Establishment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplify the System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage the Respect of Copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage Creativity </li></ul></ul>
    48. 52. Image Credits OpenRadio Screen Capture, from, released under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivative 3.0 HK Licence MySinaBlog Screen Capture from, used by permission
    49. 53. Image Credits Kwun Tong Culture and Histories Screen Capture, from, used by permission InMediaHK Screen Capture, from, used by permission
    50. 54. This presentation is expanded from: Rebecca McKinnon (2008). Creative Commons: Copyright in the digital age for Greater China and Hong Kong, from, released under Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Unported Licence Other Credits
    51. 55. Bollier, D. (2009). Viral Spiral: How the Commoners Built a Digital Republic of Their Own . New York, New Press. Chao, B. (2009). &quot;Open Business :開放商業模式 .&quot; CNET Taiwan Retrieved 21 Oct, 2009, from,2000089057,20135851,00.htm. Creative Commons. (2007). &quot;Retiring Standalone DevNations and One Sampling License.&quot; Retrieved 17 Oct, 2009, from Creative Commons Taiwan. (2006). &quot;Creative Commons Licenses Compatibility Wizard.&quot; Retrieved 17 Oct, 2009, from Defining of Free Culture Works. (2008). &quot;Defining of Free Culture Works.&quot; Retrieved 17 Oct, 2009, from Government, Q. (2008). &quot;Presentation - Government Information Licensing Framework For the Nation, Queensland Spatial Information Council.&quot; Retrieved 21 Oct, 2009, from Hirtle, P. B. (2009). &quot;Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States 1 January 2009.&quot; Cornell Copyright Information Center Retrieved 20 May, 2009, from References
    52. 56. Lessig, L. (2004). Free Culture: How Big Media Uses Technology and the Law to Lock Down Culture and Control Creativity . New York, Penguin. McLaughlin, A. (2009). &quot;Making Government 2.0 a Reality: A Citizen's Guide to Essential Reforms.&quot; Retrieved 21 Oct, 2009, from Tsang, D. (2007). Copyright (Amendment) Ordinance 2007. L. Council, Hong Kong Government. 香港特別行政區政府知識產權署 . (2004). &quot; 非牟利教育機構影印印刷作品指引 .&quot; Retrieved 17 Oct, 2009, from 香港特別行政區政府知識產權署 . (2007). &quot; 修訂後的香港版權法-教師與學生指南 .&quot; Retrieved 17 Oct, 2009, from 香港特別行政區政府知識產權署 . (2009). &quot; 教育與版權 .&quot; Retrieved 17 Oct, 2009, from References