Chapter 9 sexually transmitted diseases


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Chapter 9 sexually transmitted diseases

  1. 1. Chapter 9
  2. 2.  Other Names – Syph, BadBlood, The Pox Transmission: Vaginal sex,anal sex, oral sex, skin-to-skincontact w/ infected areas ofopen sores or rashes. Treatment: Cured w/antibiotics Effects: Heart disease,blindness, crippling, insanity,brain damage, & severe illnessor death of newborns
  3. 3.  Symptoms: Primary Stage: Painless sore at site of entry of germ (sexorgan or mouth); swollen glands Secondary Stage: (1 wk. – 6 mos. after chancre) Rash onpalms of hands & soles of feet or over entire body;patchy hair loss; sore throat; swollen, painful joints Primary & Secondary symptoms will go away even w/otreatment; but the germs continue to spread throughoutbody. Latent Stage: (5-20 yrs.) no outward signs, but bacteriamay be invading inner organs including the heart andbrain.
  4. 4.  Other Names: GC, The Clap, Drip Transmission: vaginal sex, anal sex,oral sex, via hand moistened w/infected secretions & placed incontact w/ eyes Treatment: Cured w/ antibiotics(penicillin) Effects: Sterility; blindness; PID –Pelvic Inflammatory Disease; eyedamage in newborns (acquired frommother’s vagina during childbirth)
  5. 5.  Genitals, anus, throat & eyes can be infected. Males: burning urination & pus discharge from penis;testicle pain Female: thick vaginal discharge; anal irritation;inflamed, reddened cervix Both: mucous discharge from anus; blood & pus in feces;sore throat; vomiting; fever; rash
  6. 6.  Transmission: vaginal sex, anal sex, via handmoistened w/ infected secretions & placed in contactw/ mucous membranes Treatment: Curable w/ antibiotics (tetracycline) Effects: sterility; premature & still births; infantpneumonia & eye infections which can lead toblindness; infertility
  7. 7.  Symptoms: Tend to developslowly & are often mild. Females: slight vaginaldischarge; itching & burningof vagina; painful intercourse;abdominal pain; fever in laterstages Males: discharge from penis;burning & itching at urethralopening; burning sensationduring urination
  8. 8.  Other Names: herpes simplex virus type 2 Transmission: vaginal sex, anal sex, oral sex, skin-to-skin contact with infected areas Treatment: No cure; drugs available which lessen theeffects Effects: Can be fatal to infants; women w/ HSV mayhave a greater risk of developing cervical cancer
  9. 9.  Symptoms: Type I is found above the waist & type II isbelow. Type I – cold sores or fever blisters on lips, face, & mouth Type II – painful blisters or sores on the genitals &rectum that break, crust over, & heal in 2-4 weeks
  10. 10.  Symptoms: warty growths aroundgenital & anal area Transmission: vaginal sex, anal sex, oralsex, skin-to-skin contact w/ infectedareas Treatment: medication applied towarts, freezing or laser therapy, orsurgical removal Effects: discomfort; can grow to largesize & obstruct vagina, urethra, or anus;can be transmitted to infant duringbirth
  11. 11.  Symptoms: nausea, fever, loss of appetite, dark “cola-colored” urine, abdominal pain, jaundice (yellow eyes& skin) Transmission: anal sex, vaginal sex, oral sex, shareddrug needles, biting, scratching Treatment: No cure; most persons recover within 6-8weeks. Bed rest & good nutrition; vaccine available forhigh risk people. Effects: severe illness, liver damage; death; prematurebirth or spontaneous abortion
  12. 12.  Other Names: Crabs, cooties Symptoms: intense itching; freckle-like marks or nits(eggs) in pubic hair Transmission: body-to-body contact, uncleantoilets, infested bedding or clothing Treatment: cured w/ special creams, lotions, orshampoos that can be bought at a drugstore Effects: None.
  13. 13.  Breaks down body’s immune system & lowers itsresistance to infection. Can you get AIDS from having your ears pierced? Can you get AIDS from mosquitos? Can you get AIDS from hold hands, sharing adrinking glass, or somebody’s sweat?
  14. 14.  # of teens w/ HIV has more than doubled since 1989 AIDS is the 6th leading cause of death for people ages15-24 65% of all people with AIDS are in their 20’s, w/ thedisease probably contracted during their teens 37% of all teens diagnosed w/ AIDS are female ½ of all hemophiliacs have AIDS 8.2-10 years average incubation period 1,204 w/ AIDS in Indiana; 769 have died (1995)
  15. 15.  Unprotected sexual intercourse w/ infected person Blood transfusions w/ contaminated blood or bloodproducts Sharing contaminated drug needles Prenatal transmission --- infected mother to her child If baby is infected, life expectancy is 24 months.
  16. 16.  Swollen glands in neck, armpit, & groin Weight loss of 10 lbs. or more w/o dieting High fevers or night sweats Dry cough (not from smoking) Persistent diarrhea Unexplained fatigue White spots (thrush) in mouth or throat Unexplained blotches on skin All these symptoms tend to last a long time &gradually get worse.
  17. 17.  HIV – human immunodeficiency virus; causes AIDS. Treatment No cure at the present time for AIDS No vaccines for prevention of AIDS Medications AZT & DDI help many infected people livelonger. AIDS test is $45 at most Hospitals
  18. 18.  Not spread by dry kissing. (AIDS virus can be in saliva;but no documented cases of people who got AIDS bymouth-to-mouth kissing.) Not spread through casual contact. Not spread by sneezes, clothing, or bedding. Animals are not AIDS carriers. Condoms are not foolproof, but help.
  19. 19.  The number of adults living alone is increasing in oursociety. Pregnancy can occur the first time sexual intercoursetakes place. Compared to older women, teenage mothers are twiceas likely to have low birth-weight babies or prematurebabies. In an adoption, the birthparents get to meet or knowthe adoptive parents. Once you have been cured of an STD, you can get itagain.
  20. 20.  Abstinence is the only guaranteed effective means ofpreventing pregnancy and the most effective means ofavoiding STD’s. Today, most teenage girls who become pregnant do notmarry the person who fathered the child. Using a condom does not guarantee that sex will besafe. If an unmarried couple was living together and onedied, social security benefits would not be paid to thesurviving partner.
  21. 21.  Lifestyles – A set of behaviors adopted by personchoice. Married couples who choose not to have children oftenview parenthood as a difficult and demanding task. In an agency adoption, a counselor works with thepregnant mother to help her with her problems andconcerns. An adoption in which the birthparents go through thelegal process of placing their baby directly with afamily they have selected is called an open orindependent adoption.