Chapter 13 dealing with crises


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Chapter 13 dealing with crises

  1. 1. Dealing with Crises Chapter 13
  2. 2. Objectives  Identify resources and support systems that can help people manage crises.  Describe strategies for the management of problems in crises.  List various types of family crises and explain their effect on individuals and families.
  3. 3. Identify Resources and support systems that can help people manage crises (resources)  American Red Cross – provides services to families in the community  Battered Women’s Center – provides help for victims of family violence  Big Brothers and Big Sisters – provides adult companionship for children from single parent families  Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) – families with children in need of assistance
  4. 4. Identify Resources and support systems that can help people manage crises (resources) Cont.  Children’s Protective Services – children who are in need of protection due to abuse, neglect, abandonment, or sexual exploitation in their family environments  Family Counseling Center – individuals, families, and groups needing counseling  YMCA – YWCA – the general public  Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) – Americans preparing for or coping with disasters
  5. 5. Describe strategies for the management of problems in crises  Turn to mental resources for help  Try to keep good physical health  Try to keep a good financial status  Manage a good family relationship  Have friends listen to your problems and talk to you about them  Go to a community resource for advice or health
  6. 6. Various types of family crises and their effects on individuals and families  Loss of job – not enough money in the family  Relocation – have to get to know other people  Addictions to alcohol and other drugs – can tear a family apart because the ones that are addicted can be very demanding
  7. 7. Various types of family crises and their effects on individuals and families  Compulsive Gambling – the gambler can use all the money and there won’t be any to fall back on  Suicide – tears family members up because sometimes they don’t know it’s coming and others when they find out they just don’t understand
  8. 8. Terms to Know  Crisis – A crucial time or event that causes changes in a person’s life and has no ready solution  Shelters – Establishments that offer food and housing for people who have nowhere else to go  Telephone Hotlines – Telephone numbers that people can call for immediate help in a crisis
  9. 9. More Terms to Know  Intervention –A means of forcing a person such as an alcoholic or addict to look at his or her behavior without the mask of denial  Enabler – Someone who unknowingly acts in ways that contribute to an addict’s drug use.
  10. 10. More Terms to Know  Codependency – Set of maladaptive, compulsive behaviors learned by family members  Compulsive Gambler – Someone who loses control over gambling and continues to gamble despite the harmful consequences
  11. 11. And More Terms to Know  Chasing – Attempting to win back what one has lost while gambling  Bailout – Money loaned by family or friends to finance gambling debts  Sexual Assault – Any form of unwanted sexual behavior forced on one person by another
  12. 12. Some More Terms to Know  Violence – Any harmful physical contact that results in serious injury or death  Domestic Violence – Violence between intimate friends of family members, including spouses, children, or elders  Child Abuse and Neglect – physical and mental injury, sexual abuse, negligent treatment, or maltreatment of a child under the age of 18 by a person who is responsible for the child’s welfare
  13. 13. Even More Terms to Know  Physical Abuse – The infliction of physical injury upon a person  Physical Neglect – The failure to provide sufficient food, clothing, shelter, medical care, education, guidance, and supervision for a child  Sexual Abuse – Forcing a child to engage in sexual activities  Incest – Sexual activity between persons who are closely related
  14. 14. …And The Last Terms to Know  Emotional Abuse – Parents continually making demands that their children are not capable of meeting, then criticizing and humiliating the children for not living up to their demands  Emotional Neglect – The failure to provide children with love and affection  Halfway Houses – Centers where runaways can receive care as well as counseling  Preparedness – Being ready for crisis that could occur
  15. 15. 3 Elements that help determine whether a situation is overwhelming  Hardship – high hardship, more likely to be crisis  Resources – no resources- problem becomes a crisis  Attitude – lack of self confidence can lead to attitude when things seem to be a crisis quicker.
  16. 16. Community and National Crises  The U.S. experienced a national tragedy.  9/11/01  Pearl Harbor  Apollo 13  JFK Assassination  Other Crises include  Floods  Fires  Hurricanes  Tornados
  17. 17. Causes of Crisis  National disaster (outside events)  Family related – loss through death or separation  Family related – unexpected addition to family  Loss of family unit – nonsupport, abuse, addict  Delinquency – events that bring disagreement
  18. 18. Reacting to Crisis  Impact – shock, numbness, fear, feelings of helplessness  Withdrawal and confusion – people pull back, act emotionally cold and withdrawn  Focus – ready to focus on reality, ask what needs to be done, regain some sense of control over emotions and can see crisis more clearly  Adaptation – final stage, actually dealing with crisis, make changes that are practical and appropriate
  19. 19. How would you cope with crises?  Situation  Greg was in a diving accident and became paralyzed  Reactions:  The family built a ramp onto the house to accommodate Greg’s wheelchair. They turned the family room downstairs into a bedroom to replace Greg’s upstairs room. Adapting let Greg and his family get on with their lives.
  20. 20. Types of Abuse  Sexual assault  Spouse or partner abuse  Legal action and domestic abuse  Elder abuse  Child Abuse  Family abuse
  21. 21. Criminal Attacks and Safety Tips  In your home – Keep doors and windows locked, make people identify themselves, never leave notes on your door.  In your car – keep your car full of gas, carry a cell phone, if you sense a follower drive to the police station.
  22. 22. Compulsive Gambling 4 Stages of Gambling  Winning  Losing  Desperation  Hopelessness
  23. 23. Missing and Runaway Children  More than 1.5 million children go missing each year.  Concerns include:  Child molesters  Internet  Personal info given out  Halfway houses are places where runaway teens get help.  Why teens run:  Curfews  Drug use  Divorce/remarriage  Choice of friends
  24. 24. Intervention  Taking Direct Action to Cause Change When Someone Else is In Crisis
  25. 25. Crisis that People Face  Physical heath problems  Effects on family life  Financial effects  Emotional effects  Feelings of anger or resentment
  26. 26. What to Do  Empathy – touch, hug  Offer to take responsibility  Explanations for children  Knowledge for teens and adults about the disease, openness
  27. 27. Mental Heath Problems  Does the person function normally on a daily basis?  Do the person’s actions routinely hurt or trouble others?  If the answer is “no” to the 1st question and “yes” to the 2nd, a real problem exists.  Someone with a mental condition needs professional help.
  28. 28. Suicide  One of the leading causes in teen death.  Reasons include:  Love conflicts  Life is not worth living  Patterns for suicide:  Impulse  Telling people life isn’t worth it  People suffering from illness  Extreme depression
  29. 29. Alcohol and Drug Addictions  Dependence on a particular substance or action  May be compulsive behavior  Drugs are a chemical substance  Few forces are as destructive to individuals and families
  30. 30. Alcoholism  It is an addiction to alcohol.  Some signs include: drinking by oneself, drink more over time, leads to blackouts, may cause them to miss obligations  Children often feel abandoned and scared.  Alcoholism is often cited as a cause for family breakup and divorce.
  31. 31.  Alcoholism is a chronic disease characterized by the inability of the person to control his/her drinking, craving for a drink and dependence on alcohol to feel “normal.”
  32. 32.  Alcoholism is a family disease, because it impacts the entire family, not just the alcoholic.  Alcoholism is a community disease, because alcoholics are more likely to lose productivity at work, get into automobile accidents, require emergency health care and have legal entanglements.
  33. 33.  Alcoholism is a contributing factor to suicide in many cases.  Alcohol is a leading cause of birth defects.
  34. 34.  Many activities have ages of initiation.  A person must wait until age 16 to start driving, age 18 to marry without parental consent, age 35 to become president, and so on.  The age limit for alcohol is based on research which shows that young people react differently to alcohol.  Teens get drunk twice as fast as adults, but have more trouble knowing when to stop.  Teens naturally overdo it and binge more often than adults.
  35. 35.  Enforcing the legal drinking age of 21 reduces traffic crashes, protects young people’s maturing brains, and keeps young people safer overall.
  36. 36.  History says no.  When states had lower legal drinking ages in the U.S., the underage drinking problem was worse  For example, before the 21 minimum legal drinking age was implemented by all states, underage drunk drivers were involved in over twice as many fatal traffic crashes as today.
  37. 37.  That’s a myth.  European countries have worse problems than America does, as far as binge drinking and drinking to intoxication.  Studies show that Europe has more underage drunkenness, injury, rape, and school problems due to alcohol.  Since alcohol is more available there, it actually increases the proportion of kids who drink in Europe.
  38. 38.  In 2006 there were 17,941 driving fatalities related to alcohol. This was 41 percent of the total 43,000 fatalities.  Half of all holiday driving fatalities are alcohol-related.  Most people with DUIs are not alcoholics.  About 80 percent of alcohol-related fatalities are caused by beer consumption.  18-20 year olds are responsible for more than 10 percent of the drunken driving trips in America.
  39. 39.  In addition to possible jail time and fines, a DUI conviction is cause to have your insurance policy revoked and rates to sky rocket. Many people will be forced to get SR-22 insurance.  In 2003 about 1 in 135 drivers were arrested for DUI. Thats' about 1.4 million people.  About 30 percent of Americans are involved in an alcohol-related crash sometime during their lifetime
  40. 40. Other Drug Addictions  Medical Drugs  Distort and Illegal thought process and emotions, seriously damage organs, neglect responsibilities, unpredictability  Intervention is critical  Suggestions to help with addictions
  41. 41. Drug Addiction Facts  The number of people who died as a result of a cocaine overdose was 699 in 2004. In 1992 that number was 223.  Between the years 2001 and 2005, the number of Americans between the age of 50 and 59 who were using illegal drugs rose from 2.5 percent to 4.7 percent.
  42. 42. Drug Addiction Facts Cont.  Over six million children in America live with at least one parent who has a drug addiction.  Since 1980, the number of deaths related to drug overdoses has risen over 540 percent.  The most commonly abused drug (other than alcohol) in the United States by individuals over the age of 12 is Marijuana, followed by prescription painkillers, cocaine and hallucinogens.
  43. 43. Drug Addiction Facts Cont.  Each year, drug abuse and drug addiction cost employers over 122 billion dollar in lost productivity time and another 15 billion dollars in health insurance costs.  Baltimore, Maryland has more per capita individuals living with heroin addiction than any other state in the U.S.  Since 1990, the number of individuals who take prescription drugs illegally is believed to have risen by over 500 percent.
  44. 44. The End!