OIE FAO Regional Lab meeting Nig. 2010


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OIE FAO Regional Lab meeting Nig. 2010

  1. 1. NIGERIA Fasina, F. O., Lazarus, D. D., Shamaki, D., Makinde, A. A., Lombin, L. H. National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom OIE/FAO Reference Laboratory Meeting, 4-6 October 2010 Report from the Nigerian Laboratory WRLFMDFMD Reference Laboratory Network
  2. 2. Introduction• West Africa is covered under: Regional pool 5.• The period of coverage for this presentation is from January, 2009-September, 2010.• Countries covered by laboratory West and Central Africa. WRLFMDFMD Reference Laboratory Network
  3. 3. Laboratory Outputs• For the period of this report; five reported outbreaks have occurred across the country.• Fifty samples (epithelial tissues and oral swabs) were analysed.• laboratory outputs- – Virus was isolated in primary bovine thyroid cell culture and serotyped using antigen capture ELISA, and molecular analyses were performed at the WRL according to standard procedure. WRLFMDFMD Reference Laboratory Network
  4. 4. Laboratory Outputs• FMDV type O and A were isolated from samples under this period of report.• A single type O virus belonged to the EA-3 topotype and was most closely related to viruses from Nigeria (2007) and Sudan (2004- 2008). WRLFMDFMD Reference Laboratory Network
  5. 5. Laboratory Outputs• Eight type A viruses belonged to the AFRICA topotype (lineage G-1) but fell into two distinct sub-lineages, one of which clustered with Kenyan viruses. WRLFMDFMD Reference Laboratory Network
  6. 6. Vaccine suitability for region Vaccine strains O O, Manisa A Eritrea 98, A22 Iraq SAT 1 See pool 6 SAT 2 Saudi 2000, Eritrea 98, see pool 6 WRLFMDFMD Reference Laboratory Network
  7. 7. Training• No proficiency test was undertaken during the period of this report.• One staff was trained at the OIE Reference lab ARC-Onderstepoort, South Africa.• The laboratory has taken delivery of FMD ELISA kits for both antibody and antigen detection from the WRLFMD, Pirbright. WRLFMDFMD Reference Laboratory Network
  8. 8. Regional Activities• regional activities – Control of animal movement across borders – Encouragement of sample submission to diagnostic laboratory – Reporting of outbreak cases to relevant authority• collaborative projects and partners Research team is multidisciplinary and international• FMD control programmes in region – lab involvement WRLFMDFMD Reference Laboratory Network
  9. 9. Feedback• feedback on network and report – Through inter-country/inter-laboratory collaboration. Suggestions for ways forward – Determine the status of FMD in the sub-region. – Select suitable vaccine candidate – Remap cattle routes – Produce a risk map for FMD – Identify high risk areas WRLFMDFMD Reference Laboratory Network
  10. 10. Feed back Comments on report format – This format will build a global FMD data bank at a glance for the effective control of the disease. Suggestions for future activities – Much research should be conducted in least well sampled areas of endemic FMD – This will generate more information on circulating strains in the region. – Identify strains present in the region. WRLFMDFMD Reference Laboratory Network