SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 20
Download to read offline
Anti Vietnam War Era Essay
Anti–Vietnam War Era
The SDS (Students for a Democratic Society) gave perspective into the mindset of Washington
University students during the late 1960's and early 1970's. These students would provide
demonstrations and opinions that would impact the social environment and activities of a time of
confusion and political un–justification. Many returning Vietnam Veterans and students would take
action during the anti–war era. As the war had continued, the public had changed their views of the
war becoming aggressive and unsupportive to what they felt was a lost cause. After reviewing
several leaflets and newspapers written by students of Washington University, demonstrations of
their ideas and involvement during the anti–Vietnam War movement would give considerable detail
to this era. "Peace on Earth" "G.I Movement Past and Present," and "A US Infantry Squad Just
Came through Here," all provided evidence that civilians and military would not continue to support
the war and take action regarding it. "Peace on Earth," was an itinerary written by Jon Birch (C.O
National Office) in 1971 to announce events taking place by the Vietnam Veterans against the War.
Over 8 days, and four locations, these events would demonstrate the anti–war...show more content...
The speakers are to demonstrate the impact of G.I's support in the war. It is noted that for the 1st
time in history would G.I's demonstrate against a war that is in progress. Many current soldiers felt
the war needed to end, and were only there because they had to. The antiwar movement would put
much pressure on Presidential decisions regarding the war. Without the backing of the public and
majority of active duty soldiers, the morale and engagement of active soldiers would be greatly
affected. This flyer would illustrate a seminar which was common during this era in the anti–war
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Antiwar Movement Essay
Anti–War Movement 1 Anti–War Movement 2 The United States participation in the Vietnam War
was a subject of much debate among the American public. While many Americans supported the
United States involvement in the War, in agreement with the Government that American assistance
was needed in order to stop the spread of Communism, other people felt that it was immoral for the
United States to...show more content...
In April 1965, President Johnson gave a major Vietnam address at John Hopkins University, in
response to the growing campus protest activity. This speech marked the political impact of campus
demonstrations.(Electric Library) This is an example of Neo–Marxism. The protestors were getting
a partial system change. They had the attention of the public, and most importantly the government.
However, by 1967 a lot of anti–war activists began to think peaceful protests were not going to be
enough to influence war policy, so they began using civil disobediences, strikes, public disruption,
shouting at government speakers and guerilla theatre to get their message heard loud and clear. In
March 1967, a national organization of draft resisters was formed. In April 1967, more than 300,000
people demonstrated against the war in New York. Six months later, 50,000 surrounded the
Pentagon, sparking nearly 700 arrests. By this time it became typical for, senior Johnson
administration officials to encounter demonstrators when speaking in public, forcing them to restrict
their outside appearances. Many also had sons, daughters, or wives who opposed the war, fueling the
sense of attack. Prominent participants in the antiwar movement included Dr. Benjamin Spock,
Robert Lowell, Harry Belafonte, and Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. With prominent leaders extending
their support in the movement it gave the activist a great deal of motivation and validation.
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Explain The Four Stages Of The Antiwar Movement
Four Stages of the Antiwar Movement in Vietnam The Antiwar movement in Vietnam was a social
movement that occurred from 1960–1970. It was the first mass movement against a war in American
history. This movement consisted of many interests and concerns that eventually led to unification
over the opposition of the Vietnam war. Although one may not visually see different stages in a
movement, often because there is so much happening, but there are four stages within almost every
movement. Emergence, coalescence, bureaucratization, and decline are all seen in the Antiwar
movement against the Vietnam war. The first stage, emergence, occurred in 1964 and 1965. This
stage was led by two different groups: left–wing activists and college students. When the war began
to grow in 1965, there were two goals that were set in place: to give activists enough knowledge
about Vietnam to be able to draw others into action, and to normalize opposition, since many
Americans were hesitant to go against their own country in a time of war (Zimmerman 2017). The
peace groups educated the press and the public. The students invented a new way to train activists,
the bizarrely successful campus teach–ins, and over 120...show more content...
After memorable protests by antiwar vets, an attempt by 20,000 activists to shut down the federal
government in Washington failed. But a few weeks later, the release of the Pentagon Papers drove
public opposition to the war even higher. Spreading public opposition should have been a victory for
the movement; instead, it threw it into crisis (Zimmerman 2017). Activists were moving on to
complete deferred professional or academic goals. Many who remained realized that a majority of
Americans had turned against the war but they felt unable or unwilling to join because the military
required them to put their lives on the line. A new strategy was needed, and a fourth stage of the
antiwar movement emerged (Zimmerman
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
William Shakespeare 's Hamlet
An anti–war activist and inspirational leader known around the world, Mahatma Gandhi, he was and
still is one of most influential leaders in the world of peaceful protests, and in the fight for peace
entirely. In the british–ruled India during the late 1800's and early 1900's, he led a series of peaceful
protests and even was considered the prominent leader of the revolution itself. Although some would
attempt to verbally attack or even physically assault him, he never would act harshly and fight back
or even think about revenge; however, this is where Mahatma Gandhi and Prince Hamlet's character
differ. Hamlet, the protagonist in William Shakespeare 's Hamlet, embarks on a journey in order to
achieve revenge for his father's murder by...show more content...
This is one of the very few occurrences where Hamlet displays his true emotions and is not just
exhibiting craziness in order to fool the people surrounding him. The revelation made by this isn't
just a rare time where insight is given into his character, it shows how much he truly loved his father
and that the impact of his death has left a gaping emotional hole. One in which is filled with
thoughts detrimental to Hamlet's well–being, such as his remark, "Oh, that this too, too sullied flesh
would melt, Thaw, and resolve itself into a dew, Or that the Everlasting had not fixed"
(1.2.129–131). As if anyone had said this, it would make one contemplate if the person who had said
this was mentally stable, something that is questioned all throughout Hamlet. Throughout the entire
play, he alternates between the thought of suicide and the consequences of doing so, showing how
that although he is disordered that he can still logically think and is just experiencing a traumatic
time in his life.
While Hamlet learns of the details of his father's death by the Ghost, the revelation of it resonates
with him and he instantaneously feels a sharp and intense rage, yet subdues it ever–so–slightly in
order to plan and extract a harsh revenge. The thoughtful nature of Hamlet isn't
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Anti-War Movement During the Vietnam War Essay
Anti–War Movement During the Vietnam War
As the Vietnam war heavily covered by the media, the devastating images were broadcasted across
the globe. People were able to watch the war from their armchair and many American people were
disgraced by the images of children dying and innocent people being shot dead in villages. A perfect
example of this, is the My Lai massacre which took place in 1968. The images appalled people all
over the world, especially American people who felt ashamed of their country's soldiers. 'Middle
America' began to realise the harsh consequences of the Vietnam War.
I believe that the media coverage sparked the protesting across America, however there were
individual...show more content...
"Soldiers were most likely to die in the first month". I think that this would spark protest because
as soldiers were dying within the first month, it meant that even more soldiers had to be sent to
Vietnam, who would also be likely to die within the first month. I think that this would have led to
protesting of students, as they were strong believers of free will. "The tour of duty in Vietnam
was one year", "Just as a soldiers began gaining experience he was sent home". These two
statements suggest to me that the death rate of American soldiers would increase. Just as a soldier
has adapted to the jungle and the way of life in Vietnam, he would be sent home and an
inexperienced soldier, not used to the jungle would be sent to Vietnam and the chances are that he
would not survive the first few months. I think the veterans sent home from Vietnam, would have a
huge impact on the protest movement, as many had lost limbs and were scarred, some even
emotionally scarred. The veterans would have told many stories about the awful conditions of the
jungle and the terrifying images that will never ever leave their minds. This source definitely has
sufficient evidence to explain why there was anti–war movement in the U.S.A.
Source B, is a photograph of napalm victims during the Vietnam War. This source shows how
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
1969 Anti War Protest
In a 1969 anti war protest, it was believed to be the largest protest staged. The people were there to
protest against the Vietnam war. They were protesting against the government having to draft
their boys to the war. The protests kept going even after the invasion of cambodia and the killing
of four protesters. The song "Bring the Boys Home" is a song about getting people's boys and
kids home from the war. They ask in the song to lay down the weapons and bring the boys home.
They also talk about having peace and ask why they are over there. 1967 thousands join the anti war
movement. In this article it talks about thousands that go to an anti war protest against the
conscription of soldiers to join the war. The protesters also
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
The anti–war protests of the 1960s was a response of resentment by minorities and young educated
college students against the nation's desire to participate in war against Communism in Vietnam and
conduct a military draft. The protests, originally began with peaceful public demonstrations by
activists, who were nonviolent; however, the peaceful demonstrators were frequently attacked and
victimized by the police and other citizens, who did not share their same opinion. Throughout the
peaceful protests the activists suffered many beatings in the hands of the police and as a result,
many of the activists claimed the right of self–defense and turned to taking offensive actions against
their oppressors including the police and other citizens. Later, the scene of violence and mayhem
quickly shifted to college campuses, to which college students began protesting the draft (Gurr,
1989, pp. 183–185). At the time the average age of an American soldier serving in Vietnam was 19
and students quickly rebelled after realizing that young Americans were legally old enough to be
drafted to fight and die, but were not yet legally allowed to vote or drink alcohol (UShistory, nd.).
Members of both parties, in the Ku Klux Klan and the anti–war protests of the 1960s rebelled
because they felt that they were the victims of social change and political oppression. The KKK first
emerged after the South's defeat in the Civil War and emerged rejuvenated for the third time
following the civil rights
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Anti War Movement
Firstly there was a massive group of people that protested in New York City during April 15th 1967.
There were approximately:"100,000–125,000 individuals who marched from Central Park to the
United Nations Building to demand an end to American military operations in Vietnam"(Scott,
2004). The anti–war demonstrations offered the opportunity for twenty Vietnam veterans to escort
their movement. In addition the veterans jubilantly agreed to lead the assembly of anti–war
protestors which conspicuously portrayed a sign that mentioned "Vietnam Veterans against the War"
(Scott, 2004). Henceforth there were six of the Vietnam veterans who had led the anti–war
movement who decided to create group which was vehemently opposed to involvement...show more
content...
Their anti–war efforts could have resulted in diminishing the public's opinion about the foreign
conflict and ultimately influencing local, state and federal politicians to seriously consider passing
legislature that would have concluded the Vietnam War. In addition there was the lingering reality
that there were many American's who legitimately questioned the underlying reasoning behind the
implementation and the direction of the Vietnam war effort. Finally the Vietnam conflict had
officially ended on April 30th, 1975. Furthermore the conflict had lasted for close to twenty years
since the war officially began on November 1st 1955. In closing I genuinely hope that there is not
another war that is reminisce of the Vietnam Conflict partly because there had been a large
percentage of innocent Vietnam civilians who had accidentally been slain by American soldiers who
were fighting against the notorious Vietcong insurgents. "The civilian causalities from U.S. Actions
ran from 100,000 in 1965 up to 300,00 in 1968, just from bombing and artillery"(). Hench forth I
can recall from viewing historical
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Vietnam Veterans Against The War Essay
Brief History The first American troops arrived in Danang, South Vietnam on 8th March, 1965. The
troops' mission was to defend the American airfield from the Viet Cong insurgents. However, their
mission gradually extended to defensive patrolling and later on taking the offensive. As such, the
number of US troops swelled to 184,300 by the end of the year and by1969, the number of American
soldiers had swelled to 543,000. Correspondingly, opposition against the mission, which was
previously minimal, rose magnanimously. In April 1967, a crowd of over 100,00 people marched
from Central Park to the United Nations Buildings to ask for the withdrawal of American troops
from Vietnam. By this time, over 8,000 American troops had been lost in the war. Following the
protests, six Vietnam Veterans, among those who had returned home formed the organization
Vietnam Veterans Against the War (VVAW). They wanted the government to "bring their brothers
back home." Authenticity of the VVAW The main arguments for the authenticity of the Vietnam
Veterans Against the War was the idea that it empowered the individual as a change agent in the
sense that the veteran soldiers spoke out to forewarn their fellow soldiers about the conditions of
war. It also served to speak out for the hundreds of soldiers who were still on the mission to protect
the nation from the harm that they had faced and to champion for the morality of the American
soldier as idealized in their training. This brought about
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Anti–War Movement in the United States
During the late 60s and early 70s, anti–war movement was steadily progressing in the United States.
The peace movement was directed to stop all forms of war. As the sixties wore on many anti–war
groups began to form in the United States to protest for peace. These included the Black Panthers,
the SDS, Woodstock, music and flower power, and the Hippy Movement. Theanti–war movement
attracted people from college campuses, middle class suburbs, labour unions and government
institutions. Pacifists were also against the war on moral and religious grounds as they believed all
war is wrong because it is against Christian teaching. By the end of the sixties,...show more content...
The source portrays a negative image for the war in Vietnam as it shows young children running
from their homes which have just been bombed. This may have been one of the reasons for the
anti–war movement because the distraught faces of the innocent children brought a feeling of guilt
to the American people. However this source is biased and may have been used as propaganda to
try and persuade the American people that taking part in the war would result in the loss of many
innocent lives.
Source C is by Richard Hamer, an American journalist, writing in 1970 about the widespread
opposition to the American presence in Vietnam. This is a primary source which explores the
difficulties of fighting guerrillas. 'Should you kill of them or none of them?' This suggests the
American soldiers weren't killing the people they wanted to. The source is very negative towards
U.S involvement in Vietnam and suggests reasons for the anti–war movement. 'A couple of guys are
dead, others are screaming in agony with a leg or arm blown off, or their guts hanging out'. This is a
shocking sentence which made American people feel that the U.S involvement in Vietnam was
resulting in many gruesome and pointless deaths. This source is fairly reliable, however it may have
been biased if the journalist Richard Hamer supported the anti–war movement and wanted to
persuade the American public into not
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
An anti–war poem inspired by the events of the Vietnam War, Homecoming inspires us to think
about the victims of the war: not only the soldiers who suffered but also the mortuary workers
tagging the bodies and the families of those who died in the fighting. The author, Australian poet
Bruce Dawe, wrote the poem in response to a news article describing how, at Californian
Oaklands Air /Base, at one end of the airport families were farewelling their sons as they left for
Vietnam and at the other end the bodies of dead soldiers were being brought home. Additionally, he
wrote in response to a photograph, publishes in Newsweek, of American tanks (termed 'Grants' in
the poem) piled with the bodies of the dead soldiers as they returned to the...show more content...
These sections allow for a change in emotion as each represents a separate part of the
'homecoming': Saigon describes the packaging of the bodies and how the soldiers are zipped up
in green plastic bags; the flight represents the travel home, which metaphorically could also be
their souls to heaven; and the third section is the arrival of the bodies in Australia. The use of
pronouns gives the first two sections an emotionless feel as we do not learn specific names or
information about the victims. However, when the scene changes to urban Australia in the final
section the emotion changes to grief and regret for the families. The emotion of the speaker is
indicated by signature language, the poet describing how "telegrams tremble like leaves from a
wintering tree" and "small towns where dogs in the frozen sunset raise muzzles in mute salute".
Comparing the telegrams fluttering to the ground to leaves falling from a tree in winter reinforces
our assumption of the tragic news contained within the telegrams: the "wintering tree" is clearly a
metaphor for death and hence we know that enclosed within the telegrams is notification of the
soldiers' demise. Equally moving is the reference to man's best friend mourning its loss, the poet
describing how the dogs respectfully acknowledge the precious
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Anti War Movement Essay
Anti–War Movement
During the year of 1965 the Vietnam War made an impact of negativity on the United States. Anti
war protests began to roar and break out in December of 1969 when the government held a draft
lottery where they would pull drafting cards to send men over to Vietnam to fight. Because so many
Americans were against the war it caused protesters to burn their drafting cards. While the vietnam
war lasted a little over 8 years, making it the 6th longest It had only been heard of for a short time
before that, started by students on college campuses.
Many who protested the war believed we had no business there in the first place. The war had to do
with vietnam fighting against communism in their country, which has nothing to...show more
content...
That accord brought victory to the table for America and South vietnam. The United States decided to
back up the victory by making a pledge to provide the South Vietnam with any surplus they may ever
need to defend themselves against the North.
Unfortunately in the following year of 1974 Nixon resigned his years in office due to the charges
he knew that later would come against him. Because of Nixon resigning office, three months later,
during the November congressional elections, the democrats brought victory to the new congress.
The issue then was that the majority of the new members used their power to defund the pledge
we made to South Vietnam back in '73. Or course there were people fighting this. President Ford
gave a speech directly to congress, begging them to not rid of the promise we made to South
Vietnam. Many of the congress members left the room during the speech given by the president. So
many congress workers didn't support the Pledge because in earlier years many of them were
protesters against the war therefore, they wouldn't support the aid. Which in reality caused more pain
to South Vietnam when North vietnam invaded them once again, and we stayed out, we went back
on our word and the south was left to fend for themselves, which then landed them in camps in the
countryside where about 250,000 people
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
All quiet On the Western Front, a book written by Erich Maria Remarque tells of the harrowing
experiences of the First World War as seen through the eyes of a young German soldier. I think that
this novel is a classic anti–war novel that provides an extremely realistic portrayal of war. The novel
focuses on a group of German soldier and follows their experiences.
Life for the soldiers in the beginning is a dramatic one as they are ordered up to the frontline to
wire fences. The frontline makes Paul feel immediately different as described here. "As if
something is inside us, in our blood, has been switched on." The front makes Paul more aware and
switched on as if his senses and reactions are sharpened. I think Paul and his friends are...show more
content...
"A wounded soldier? I shout to him–no answer– must be dead." The dead body has fallen out the
coffin and the coffin has been unearthed because of the shelling. Even the dead and buried cannot
rest in peace during this war. This just adds to the horror of the situation Paul is in.
Through out this book the author shows that war is not about heroism and fighting nobly for your
country, war is a terrible thing. Paul and his friends are on the frontline in the shelters for days
and the pressure gets to the men as Paul says here. "The recruit who had the fit earlier is raving
again and two more have joined in. One breaks away and runs for it." This shows that the frontline,
added by lack of food, has driven the young recruits mad and so much so that one recruit runs away
out into the battle field with inevitable consequence of death. Paul describes the front line in many
ways to show the reader and give the reader a good picture of what the frontline is like for a soldier,
as Paul expresses here." The front is a cage and you have to wait nervously in it for whatever
happens to you", and Paul also says. "I can be squashed flat in a bomb–proof dugout, and I can
survive ten hours in the pen under heavy barrage without a scratch." This shows the reader that it is
very unpredictable on the frontline and that a soldier owes his life only to lucky chances that they
have not yet been killed.
Paul and his platoon have been turned into machines due to the war, controlled by
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
During his testimony to the Senate Committee of Foreign Relations, John Kerry mentioned that in
his opinion, "there is nothing in South Vietnam which could have happened that realistically
threatens the United States of America." In that same testimony, Kerry discussed that most people
"did not even know the difference between communism and democracy. They only wanted to work
in rice paddies without helicopters strafing them and bombs with napalm burning their villages and
tearing their country apart." The Fulbright hearings were an eye–opener to the millions of
Americans who watched them. They convinced many that opposing the war and patriotism were
compatible. The movement against the Vietnam War could be said as one of the greatest...show more
content...
Similar to African Americans, women disliked the draft because it disenfranchised generation of
young men from better opportunities. Moreover, when the Johnson administration employed the
search–and–destroy military in Vietnam, search–and–destroy became associated with negative
connotations of Americans. On top of that, Operation Rolling Thunder introduced the application
of napalm; this led many women in America sympathizing with the Vietnamese civilians. Women
protested the use of napalm, a flammable weapon created by the Dow Chemical Company and
used as a weapon during the war, by boycotting Saran Wrap, another product made by the
company. Women mobilized to create several antiwar groups, such as Women Strike for Peace
(WSP), and Another Mother for Peace; these groups allowed women to become proactive and
paved the way for the liberation of women. Arguably the largest source of discontent regarding the
Vietnam War came from the students. Students joined the antiwar movement because they were
morally opposed to all wars and did not want to fight in a foreign civil war. The students had
credibility in their disapproval, because most of those subjected to the draft were too young to vote
and therefore did not have a say in the direction of the war. The best–known national student
organization for opposing the war
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Anti-War Pacifism
Pacifism covers an array of views and there are many subcategories of pacifism, some of which I
will cover, but the main definition of the word pacifism is the opposition to war and/or violence.
Perhaps the most famous use of the word pacifism is found in the "Sermon on the Mount", where
Jesus claims the "peacemakers" are blessed. In this passage, the Greek word eirenopoios is
translated into Latin as pacifici, which means those who work for peace. One common and simple
argument for pacifism among religious groups or god fearing people is the argument that god's
revealed words says, through the bible, "Thou shalt not kill."
Universal pacifists are morally opposed to all violence, not just killing. And many universal pacifists
derive their...show more content...
If the Germans, instead of being resisted by force of arms, had been passively permitted to establish
themselves wherever they pleased, the halo of glory and courage surrounding the brutality of
military success would have been absent, and public opinion in Germany itself would have rendered
any oppression impossible." He taught non–resistance as proper defense to violence. For such
antiwar pacifists, all participation in war is morally wrong.
A universal and unavoidable product of war is that soldiers get killed. Most people accept these
killings as a necessary evil and that the ends justify the means. If the war is "justifiable",the
killing of enemy soldiers is deemed as a necessary triumph of what is right. If the war is
unjustified, it is seen as honorable to fight for one's country, whether you agree with them or not.
But antiwar pacifists do not take the lives of soldiers for granted. Everyone has a right to life and
killing on the battlefield is a direct violation of that right. In a standard interpretation of basic
rights, it is never morally justifiable to violate a right in order to produce some good. In war, the
argument goes, kill or be killed, and that type of killing is killing in self–defense. But, according to
anti–war pacifists, killing in the name of self–defense during times of war cannot be justified unless
a) they had no other way to protect their
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
The Pros And Cons Of The Anti-War Movement
Thus in conclusion, the drafting of young American men by the American government and the
subsequent reaction of draft protests, added to the chaotic situation the Policy makers were facing
due to the public disorder created, but at the same time also evidenced the limitations of the student's
power and ability to truly gain significant public support and be taken seriously. Such limitations will
reoccur later and mark one of the reasons why the student's movement was not fully responsible for
the withdrawal of American troops in 1975.
Strengths and Weaknesses of the Movement
By 1965 together with the staging of massive demonstrations, the teach in wave and draft protests by
students, the anti–war movement in universities continued to evidence the war as a major political
issue and kept it in national spotlight (Hall 127). Although it might not have seemed apparent at the
time of the protests, the sustained activism against the war, maintained the vast pressure on the
administrations to bring the conflict to a close...show more content...
Historians argue the diversity of the movement and the tactics used were the major strengths the
movement had. Hall states that thanks to the large variety of activities (stated in the previous
section) and its diversity, the movement with its fluidity could sustain the pressure put on the Policy
makers (Hall 119). Jones additionally argues, that with the spread of the movement to other groups
in society beyond Universities, it became more effective producing a "cumulative effect that sapped
resistance power of the policy makers" (Jeffrey–Jones 3, 223). The strengths Hall and Jones refer to
however address the entire movement as a whole, saying that the co–operation of Student groups
with many different activist groups such as civil rights groups, feminist groups was what gave it
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
During the Civil Rights Movement and the Anti War Movement allot of artists created their own
expressions of why the war should be opposed. Much of the art, photographs and drawings were that
of supporting the events that were happening during war time. Some art contained items needed and
used by Americans such as guns, bombs, soldiers gear and their surrounding horrible environment.
African Americans, like Martin Luther King Jr. and the Black Panther Party totally disapproved of
the war and showed strong opposite feelings of the U.S. in Vietnam. Both white groups and black
groups hated the war but each group protested during separate times and events. As with artists, their
showings were in separate places. All art used during this time was
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
The Antiwar Movement: The Vietnam War Movement
The Vietnam War raged on from 1954–1975, taking over three million lives with it. Conflicts rooted
in the cold war resulted in the United States sending troops to defend South Vietnamese democracy.
However as the war became more lengthy and expensive, many civilians began to protest the United
States participating in the war, creating the Antiwar Movement. Though the movement had lasting
effects on society, it did not immediately cause theUnited States to retreat from Vietnam. The
antiwar movement of the 1960's, which is deeply connected with the transcendentalist belief of Civil
Disobedience, protested the involvement of the United States in the infamous Vietnam War, and has
had numerous effects on the American Military and Government to this day. However, the
movement that strived for peace did not completely accomplish its goal of ending the United States'
involvement in international armed conflict.
"It is impossible to win a long protracted war without popular support" (The Antiwar Movement).
The Antiwar movement had a significant impact on the United States Military, as the movement
reflected the power of civilians in their government's fighting force. In the beginning of the war, the
United States Military had the support of its people in the pursuit to protect...show more content...
The Vietnam War began in 1954 with an expected amount critics but these opponents eventually
became the basis for the movement. Protests and demonstrations over time gained momentum,
creating a community of civilians working to bring troops home from Asia. While the war did end
in 1975, it took the antiwar movement alongside the government almost 20 years to do so. The
movement also did not prevent the United States from entering other international armed conflict,
one of their main goals. In the years to come the United States found itself in other conflicts such as
the Persian Gulf War and the Iraq
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
The Anti-War Movement
The beginning of the anti–war movement started off much different from what it became during the
late 1960's and early 1970's. Before the movement was ever solidified as an "anti–war", the
movement began during 1955 and seemed like any other peace advocacy.(2) During this time
participants focused on banning nuclear testing, an issue that arose because of the Cold War. After
the 1963 nuclear test–ban treaty, the movement began to focus on issues in Indochina. As the
military presence began to grow in Indochina, and a potential war was at risk the peace movement
gradually transformed into an anti–war movement. Although it was relatively small in 1960 having
only a dozen organizations who were mainly radicals and students by 1970 the size grew
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Anti War Movement Research Paper
Anti War Movement There were many reasons for the anti–war movement in the sixties and
seventies. Basically, they can be categorized into three groups: the media, attitudes of a younger
generation, and politics. This essay will describe how each group contributed to the anti–war
movement of the Vietnam War. Politically, the war in Vietnam became a sensitive issue. The U.S.
began bombing North Vietnam in 1964. By the late sixties the war effort and become so costly
that to promote the war effort could become a political blunder. Continuing a war effort so far
away and in a country that was not easy to transport needed things to the troops became a monstrous
effort in manpower and cost. Food, water, and clothing in Vietnam were not items that could be
obtained easily. By 1968 there were 540,000 troops in Vietnam. Providing for the soldiers and other
personnel added to the costs. As the war costs mounted, people in the United States became resentful
of all the money used in the war effort that could have been used back at home. This became a
political nightmare for politicians that were trying to continue the war effort. Compounding our
efforts to fund and fight the war in Vietnam was the fact that two other super–powers, the Soviet
Union and China, were...show more content...
Generally, the media tends to lean to the liberal side. Never before was the media given so much
access to the everyday activities of a war effort. One example is the reporting of the My Lai
Massacre which demonstrated the bad judgement and conduct by the military. Even though this was
a rare occurrence, the media was able to bring it to everyone's attention quickly and graphically. At
home the media was right in the middle of all the demonstrations that were taking place. The
combination of graphic details of what was occurring in Vietnam and the constant and close–up
coverage of the demonstrations at home added greatly to the total anti–war
Get more content on HelpWriting.net

More Related Content

More from Paper Writing Services (20)

Nuclear Technology Essay
Nuclear Technology EssayNuclear Technology Essay
Nuclear Technology Essay
 
Profile Essay
Profile EssayProfile Essay
Profile Essay
 
Financial Analysis Essay
Financial Analysis EssayFinancial Analysis Essay
Financial Analysis Essay
 
Essay Examples About Family
Essay Examples About FamilyEssay Examples About Family
Essay Examples About Family
 
Analyze Essay
Analyze EssayAnalyze Essay
Analyze Essay
 
How To Write A Research Essay Thesis
How To Write A Research Essay ThesisHow To Write A Research Essay Thesis
How To Write A Research Essay Thesis
 
Rwandan Genocide Essay
Rwandan Genocide EssayRwandan Genocide Essay
Rwandan Genocide Essay
 
Learning A New Language Essay
Learning A New Language EssayLearning A New Language Essay
Learning A New Language Essay
 
Bureaucracy Essay
Bureaucracy EssayBureaucracy Essay
Bureaucracy Essay
 
Epic Of Gilgamesh Essay
Epic Of Gilgamesh EssayEpic Of Gilgamesh Essay
Epic Of Gilgamesh Essay
 
How To Write An Essay About Yourself Example
How To Write An Essay About Yourself ExampleHow To Write An Essay About Yourself Example
How To Write An Essay About Yourself Example
 
Essay On Ecology
Essay On EcologyEssay On Ecology
Essay On Ecology
 
Vietnam Culture Essay
Vietnam Culture EssayVietnam Culture Essay
Vietnam Culture Essay
 
Holocaust Essay Topics
Holocaust Essay TopicsHolocaust Essay Topics
Holocaust Essay Topics
 
Argument Research Essay
Argument Research EssayArgument Research Essay
Argument Research Essay
 
How To Start A Narrative Essay About Yourself
How To Start A Narrative Essay About YourselfHow To Start A Narrative Essay About Yourself
How To Start A Narrative Essay About Yourself
 
Essay Written In Mla Format
Essay Written In Mla FormatEssay Written In Mla Format
Essay Written In Mla Format
 
Essay About Teachers
Essay About TeachersEssay About Teachers
Essay About Teachers
 
Funny Essays
Funny EssaysFunny Essays
Funny Essays
 
Elizabeth Proctor Essay
Elizabeth Proctor EssayElizabeth Proctor Essay
Elizabeth Proctor Essay
 

Recently uploaded

4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptxmary850239
 
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmOppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmStan Meyer
 
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptxDIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptxMichelleTuguinay1
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Association for Project Management
 
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...MerlizValdezGeronimo
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxHumphrey A Beña
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)lakshayb543
 
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptxiammrhaywood
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMr Bounab Samir
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSMae Pangan
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxlancelewisportillo
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationdeepaannamalai16
 
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONTHEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONHumphrey A Beña
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Mark Reed
 
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfInclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfTechSoup
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Projectjordimapav
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptxmary850239
 

Recently uploaded (20)

4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
 
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmOppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
 
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptxDIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
 
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
 
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
 
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Professionprashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
 
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONTHEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
 
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
 
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfInclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
 

Anti War Essay

  • 1. Anti Vietnam War Era Essay Anti–Vietnam War Era The SDS (Students for a Democratic Society) gave perspective into the mindset of Washington University students during the late 1960's and early 1970's. These students would provide demonstrations and opinions that would impact the social environment and activities of a time of confusion and political un–justification. Many returning Vietnam Veterans and students would take action during the anti–war era. As the war had continued, the public had changed their views of the war becoming aggressive and unsupportive to what they felt was a lost cause. After reviewing several leaflets and newspapers written by students of Washington University, demonstrations of their ideas and involvement during the anti–Vietnam War movement would give considerable detail to this era. "Peace on Earth" "G.I Movement Past and Present," and "A US Infantry Squad Just Came through Here," all provided evidence that civilians and military would not continue to support the war and take action regarding it. "Peace on Earth," was an itinerary written by Jon Birch (C.O National Office) in 1971 to announce events taking place by the Vietnam Veterans against the War. Over 8 days, and four locations, these events would demonstrate the anti–war...show more content... The speakers are to demonstrate the impact of G.I's support in the war. It is noted that for the 1st time in history would G.I's demonstrate against a war that is in progress. Many current soldiers felt the war needed to end, and were only there because they had to. The antiwar movement would put much pressure on Presidential decisions regarding the war. Without the backing of the public and majority of active duty soldiers, the morale and engagement of active soldiers would be greatly affected. This flyer would illustrate a seminar which was common during this era in the anti–war Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 2. Antiwar Movement Essay Anti–War Movement 1 Anti–War Movement 2 The United States participation in the Vietnam War was a subject of much debate among the American public. While many Americans supported the United States involvement in the War, in agreement with the Government that American assistance was needed in order to stop the spread of Communism, other people felt that it was immoral for the United States to...show more content... In April 1965, President Johnson gave a major Vietnam address at John Hopkins University, in response to the growing campus protest activity. This speech marked the political impact of campus demonstrations.(Electric Library) This is an example of Neo–Marxism. The protestors were getting a partial system change. They had the attention of the public, and most importantly the government. However, by 1967 a lot of anti–war activists began to think peaceful protests were not going to be enough to influence war policy, so they began using civil disobediences, strikes, public disruption, shouting at government speakers and guerilla theatre to get their message heard loud and clear. In March 1967, a national organization of draft resisters was formed. In April 1967, more than 300,000 people demonstrated against the war in New York. Six months later, 50,000 surrounded the Pentagon, sparking nearly 700 arrests. By this time it became typical for, senior Johnson administration officials to encounter demonstrators when speaking in public, forcing them to restrict their outside appearances. Many also had sons, daughters, or wives who opposed the war, fueling the sense of attack. Prominent participants in the antiwar movement included Dr. Benjamin Spock, Robert Lowell, Harry Belafonte, and Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. With prominent leaders extending their support in the movement it gave the activist a great deal of motivation and validation. Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 3. Explain The Four Stages Of The Antiwar Movement Four Stages of the Antiwar Movement in Vietnam The Antiwar movement in Vietnam was a social movement that occurred from 1960–1970. It was the first mass movement against a war in American history. This movement consisted of many interests and concerns that eventually led to unification over the opposition of the Vietnam war. Although one may not visually see different stages in a movement, often because there is so much happening, but there are four stages within almost every movement. Emergence, coalescence, bureaucratization, and decline are all seen in the Antiwar movement against the Vietnam war. The first stage, emergence, occurred in 1964 and 1965. This stage was led by two different groups: left–wing activists and college students. When the war began to grow in 1965, there were two goals that were set in place: to give activists enough knowledge about Vietnam to be able to draw others into action, and to normalize opposition, since many Americans were hesitant to go against their own country in a time of war (Zimmerman 2017). The peace groups educated the press and the public. The students invented a new way to train activists, the bizarrely successful campus teach–ins, and over 120...show more content... After memorable protests by antiwar vets, an attempt by 20,000 activists to shut down the federal government in Washington failed. But a few weeks later, the release of the Pentagon Papers drove public opposition to the war even higher. Spreading public opposition should have been a victory for the movement; instead, it threw it into crisis (Zimmerman 2017). Activists were moving on to complete deferred professional or academic goals. Many who remained realized that a majority of Americans had turned against the war but they felt unable or unwilling to join because the military required them to put their lives on the line. A new strategy was needed, and a fourth stage of the antiwar movement emerged (Zimmerman Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 4. William Shakespeare 's Hamlet An anti–war activist and inspirational leader known around the world, Mahatma Gandhi, he was and still is one of most influential leaders in the world of peaceful protests, and in the fight for peace entirely. In the british–ruled India during the late 1800's and early 1900's, he led a series of peaceful protests and even was considered the prominent leader of the revolution itself. Although some would attempt to verbally attack or even physically assault him, he never would act harshly and fight back or even think about revenge; however, this is where Mahatma Gandhi and Prince Hamlet's character differ. Hamlet, the protagonist in William Shakespeare 's Hamlet, embarks on a journey in order to achieve revenge for his father's murder by...show more content... This is one of the very few occurrences where Hamlet displays his true emotions and is not just exhibiting craziness in order to fool the people surrounding him. The revelation made by this isn't just a rare time where insight is given into his character, it shows how much he truly loved his father and that the impact of his death has left a gaping emotional hole. One in which is filled with thoughts detrimental to Hamlet's well–being, such as his remark, "Oh, that this too, too sullied flesh would melt, Thaw, and resolve itself into a dew, Or that the Everlasting had not fixed" (1.2.129–131). As if anyone had said this, it would make one contemplate if the person who had said this was mentally stable, something that is questioned all throughout Hamlet. Throughout the entire play, he alternates between the thought of suicide and the consequences of doing so, showing how that although he is disordered that he can still logically think and is just experiencing a traumatic time in his life. While Hamlet learns of the details of his father's death by the Ghost, the revelation of it resonates with him and he instantaneously feels a sharp and intense rage, yet subdues it ever–so–slightly in order to plan and extract a harsh revenge. The thoughtful nature of Hamlet isn't Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 5. Anti-War Movement During the Vietnam War Essay Anti–War Movement During the Vietnam War As the Vietnam war heavily covered by the media, the devastating images were broadcasted across the globe. People were able to watch the war from their armchair and many American people were disgraced by the images of children dying and innocent people being shot dead in villages. A perfect example of this, is the My Lai massacre which took place in 1968. The images appalled people all over the world, especially American people who felt ashamed of their country's soldiers. 'Middle America' began to realise the harsh consequences of the Vietnam War. I believe that the media coverage sparked the protesting across America, however there were individual...show more content... "Soldiers were most likely to die in the first month". I think that this would spark protest because as soldiers were dying within the first month, it meant that even more soldiers had to be sent to Vietnam, who would also be likely to die within the first month. I think that this would have led to protesting of students, as they were strong believers of free will. "The tour of duty in Vietnam was one year", "Just as a soldiers began gaining experience he was sent home". These two statements suggest to me that the death rate of American soldiers would increase. Just as a soldier has adapted to the jungle and the way of life in Vietnam, he would be sent home and an inexperienced soldier, not used to the jungle would be sent to Vietnam and the chances are that he would not survive the first few months. I think the veterans sent home from Vietnam, would have a huge impact on the protest movement, as many had lost limbs and were scarred, some even emotionally scarred. The veterans would have told many stories about the awful conditions of the jungle and the terrifying images that will never ever leave their minds. This source definitely has sufficient evidence to explain why there was anti–war movement in the U.S.A. Source B, is a photograph of napalm victims during the Vietnam War. This source shows how Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 6. 1969 Anti War Protest In a 1969 anti war protest, it was believed to be the largest protest staged. The people were there to protest against the Vietnam war. They were protesting against the government having to draft their boys to the war. The protests kept going even after the invasion of cambodia and the killing of four protesters. The song "Bring the Boys Home" is a song about getting people's boys and kids home from the war. They ask in the song to lay down the weapons and bring the boys home. They also talk about having peace and ask why they are over there. 1967 thousands join the anti war movement. In this article it talks about thousands that go to an anti war protest against the conscription of soldiers to join the war. The protesters also Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 7. The anti–war protests of the 1960s was a response of resentment by minorities and young educated college students against the nation's desire to participate in war against Communism in Vietnam and conduct a military draft. The protests, originally began with peaceful public demonstrations by activists, who were nonviolent; however, the peaceful demonstrators were frequently attacked and victimized by the police and other citizens, who did not share their same opinion. Throughout the peaceful protests the activists suffered many beatings in the hands of the police and as a result, many of the activists claimed the right of self–defense and turned to taking offensive actions against their oppressors including the police and other citizens. Later, the scene of violence and mayhem quickly shifted to college campuses, to which college students began protesting the draft (Gurr, 1989, pp. 183–185). At the time the average age of an American soldier serving in Vietnam was 19 and students quickly rebelled after realizing that young Americans were legally old enough to be drafted to fight and die, but were not yet legally allowed to vote or drink alcohol (UShistory, nd.). Members of both parties, in the Ku Klux Klan and the anti–war protests of the 1960s rebelled because they felt that they were the victims of social change and political oppression. The KKK first emerged after the South's defeat in the Civil War and emerged rejuvenated for the third time following the civil rights Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 8. Anti War Movement Firstly there was a massive group of people that protested in New York City during April 15th 1967. There were approximately:"100,000–125,000 individuals who marched from Central Park to the United Nations Building to demand an end to American military operations in Vietnam"(Scott, 2004). The anti–war demonstrations offered the opportunity for twenty Vietnam veterans to escort their movement. In addition the veterans jubilantly agreed to lead the assembly of anti–war protestors which conspicuously portrayed a sign that mentioned "Vietnam Veterans against the War" (Scott, 2004). Henceforth there were six of the Vietnam veterans who had led the anti–war movement who decided to create group which was vehemently opposed to involvement...show more content... Their anti–war efforts could have resulted in diminishing the public's opinion about the foreign conflict and ultimately influencing local, state and federal politicians to seriously consider passing legislature that would have concluded the Vietnam War. In addition there was the lingering reality that there were many American's who legitimately questioned the underlying reasoning behind the implementation and the direction of the Vietnam war effort. Finally the Vietnam conflict had officially ended on April 30th, 1975. Furthermore the conflict had lasted for close to twenty years since the war officially began on November 1st 1955. In closing I genuinely hope that there is not another war that is reminisce of the Vietnam Conflict partly because there had been a large percentage of innocent Vietnam civilians who had accidentally been slain by American soldiers who were fighting against the notorious Vietcong insurgents. "The civilian causalities from U.S. Actions ran from 100,000 in 1965 up to 300,00 in 1968, just from bombing and artillery"(). Hench forth I can recall from viewing historical Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 9. Vietnam Veterans Against The War Essay Brief History The first American troops arrived in Danang, South Vietnam on 8th March, 1965. The troops' mission was to defend the American airfield from the Viet Cong insurgents. However, their mission gradually extended to defensive patrolling and later on taking the offensive. As such, the number of US troops swelled to 184,300 by the end of the year and by1969, the number of American soldiers had swelled to 543,000. Correspondingly, opposition against the mission, which was previously minimal, rose magnanimously. In April 1967, a crowd of over 100,00 people marched from Central Park to the United Nations Buildings to ask for the withdrawal of American troops from Vietnam. By this time, over 8,000 American troops had been lost in the war. Following the protests, six Vietnam Veterans, among those who had returned home formed the organization Vietnam Veterans Against the War (VVAW). They wanted the government to "bring their brothers back home." Authenticity of the VVAW The main arguments for the authenticity of the Vietnam Veterans Against the War was the idea that it empowered the individual as a change agent in the sense that the veteran soldiers spoke out to forewarn their fellow soldiers about the conditions of war. It also served to speak out for the hundreds of soldiers who were still on the mission to protect the nation from the harm that they had faced and to champion for the morality of the American soldier as idealized in their training. This brought about Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 10. Anti–War Movement in the United States During the late 60s and early 70s, anti–war movement was steadily progressing in the United States. The peace movement was directed to stop all forms of war. As the sixties wore on many anti–war groups began to form in the United States to protest for peace. These included the Black Panthers, the SDS, Woodstock, music and flower power, and the Hippy Movement. Theanti–war movement attracted people from college campuses, middle class suburbs, labour unions and government institutions. Pacifists were also against the war on moral and religious grounds as they believed all war is wrong because it is against Christian teaching. By the end of the sixties,...show more content... The source portrays a negative image for the war in Vietnam as it shows young children running from their homes which have just been bombed. This may have been one of the reasons for the anti–war movement because the distraught faces of the innocent children brought a feeling of guilt to the American people. However this source is biased and may have been used as propaganda to try and persuade the American people that taking part in the war would result in the loss of many innocent lives. Source C is by Richard Hamer, an American journalist, writing in 1970 about the widespread opposition to the American presence in Vietnam. This is a primary source which explores the difficulties of fighting guerrillas. 'Should you kill of them or none of them?' This suggests the American soldiers weren't killing the people they wanted to. The source is very negative towards U.S involvement in Vietnam and suggests reasons for the anti–war movement. 'A couple of guys are dead, others are screaming in agony with a leg or arm blown off, or their guts hanging out'. This is a shocking sentence which made American people feel that the U.S involvement in Vietnam was resulting in many gruesome and pointless deaths. This source is fairly reliable, however it may have been biased if the journalist Richard Hamer supported the anti–war movement and wanted to persuade the American public into not Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 11. An anti–war poem inspired by the events of the Vietnam War, Homecoming inspires us to think about the victims of the war: not only the soldiers who suffered but also the mortuary workers tagging the bodies and the families of those who died in the fighting. The author, Australian poet Bruce Dawe, wrote the poem in response to a news article describing how, at Californian Oaklands Air /Base, at one end of the airport families were farewelling their sons as they left for Vietnam and at the other end the bodies of dead soldiers were being brought home. Additionally, he wrote in response to a photograph, publishes in Newsweek, of American tanks (termed 'Grants' in the poem) piled with the bodies of the dead soldiers as they returned to the...show more content... These sections allow for a change in emotion as each represents a separate part of the 'homecoming': Saigon describes the packaging of the bodies and how the soldiers are zipped up in green plastic bags; the flight represents the travel home, which metaphorically could also be their souls to heaven; and the third section is the arrival of the bodies in Australia. The use of pronouns gives the first two sections an emotionless feel as we do not learn specific names or information about the victims. However, when the scene changes to urban Australia in the final section the emotion changes to grief and regret for the families. The emotion of the speaker is indicated by signature language, the poet describing how "telegrams tremble like leaves from a wintering tree" and "small towns where dogs in the frozen sunset raise muzzles in mute salute". Comparing the telegrams fluttering to the ground to leaves falling from a tree in winter reinforces our assumption of the tragic news contained within the telegrams: the "wintering tree" is clearly a metaphor for death and hence we know that enclosed within the telegrams is notification of the soldiers' demise. Equally moving is the reference to man's best friend mourning its loss, the poet describing how the dogs respectfully acknowledge the precious Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 12. Anti War Movement Essay Anti–War Movement During the year of 1965 the Vietnam War made an impact of negativity on the United States. Anti war protests began to roar and break out in December of 1969 when the government held a draft lottery where they would pull drafting cards to send men over to Vietnam to fight. Because so many Americans were against the war it caused protesters to burn their drafting cards. While the vietnam war lasted a little over 8 years, making it the 6th longest It had only been heard of for a short time before that, started by students on college campuses. Many who protested the war believed we had no business there in the first place. The war had to do with vietnam fighting against communism in their country, which has nothing to...show more content... That accord brought victory to the table for America and South vietnam. The United States decided to back up the victory by making a pledge to provide the South Vietnam with any surplus they may ever need to defend themselves against the North. Unfortunately in the following year of 1974 Nixon resigned his years in office due to the charges he knew that later would come against him. Because of Nixon resigning office, three months later, during the November congressional elections, the democrats brought victory to the new congress. The issue then was that the majority of the new members used their power to defund the pledge we made to South Vietnam back in '73. Or course there were people fighting this. President Ford gave a speech directly to congress, begging them to not rid of the promise we made to South Vietnam. Many of the congress members left the room during the speech given by the president. So many congress workers didn't support the Pledge because in earlier years many of them were protesters against the war therefore, they wouldn't support the aid. Which in reality caused more pain to South Vietnam when North vietnam invaded them once again, and we stayed out, we went back on our word and the south was left to fend for themselves, which then landed them in camps in the countryside where about 250,000 people Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 13. All quiet On the Western Front, a book written by Erich Maria Remarque tells of the harrowing experiences of the First World War as seen through the eyes of a young German soldier. I think that this novel is a classic anti–war novel that provides an extremely realistic portrayal of war. The novel focuses on a group of German soldier and follows their experiences. Life for the soldiers in the beginning is a dramatic one as they are ordered up to the frontline to wire fences. The frontline makes Paul feel immediately different as described here. "As if something is inside us, in our blood, has been switched on." The front makes Paul more aware and switched on as if his senses and reactions are sharpened. I think Paul and his friends are...show more content... "A wounded soldier? I shout to him–no answer– must be dead." The dead body has fallen out the coffin and the coffin has been unearthed because of the shelling. Even the dead and buried cannot rest in peace during this war. This just adds to the horror of the situation Paul is in. Through out this book the author shows that war is not about heroism and fighting nobly for your country, war is a terrible thing. Paul and his friends are on the frontline in the shelters for days and the pressure gets to the men as Paul says here. "The recruit who had the fit earlier is raving again and two more have joined in. One breaks away and runs for it." This shows that the frontline, added by lack of food, has driven the young recruits mad and so much so that one recruit runs away out into the battle field with inevitable consequence of death. Paul describes the front line in many ways to show the reader and give the reader a good picture of what the frontline is like for a soldier, as Paul expresses here." The front is a cage and you have to wait nervously in it for whatever happens to you", and Paul also says. "I can be squashed flat in a bomb–proof dugout, and I can survive ten hours in the pen under heavy barrage without a scratch." This shows the reader that it is very unpredictable on the frontline and that a soldier owes his life only to lucky chances that they have not yet been killed. Paul and his platoon have been turned into machines due to the war, controlled by Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 14. During his testimony to the Senate Committee of Foreign Relations, John Kerry mentioned that in his opinion, "there is nothing in South Vietnam which could have happened that realistically threatens the United States of America." In that same testimony, Kerry discussed that most people "did not even know the difference between communism and democracy. They only wanted to work in rice paddies without helicopters strafing them and bombs with napalm burning their villages and tearing their country apart." The Fulbright hearings were an eye–opener to the millions of Americans who watched them. They convinced many that opposing the war and patriotism were compatible. The movement against the Vietnam War could be said as one of the greatest...show more content... Similar to African Americans, women disliked the draft because it disenfranchised generation of young men from better opportunities. Moreover, when the Johnson administration employed the search–and–destroy military in Vietnam, search–and–destroy became associated with negative connotations of Americans. On top of that, Operation Rolling Thunder introduced the application of napalm; this led many women in America sympathizing with the Vietnamese civilians. Women protested the use of napalm, a flammable weapon created by the Dow Chemical Company and used as a weapon during the war, by boycotting Saran Wrap, another product made by the company. Women mobilized to create several antiwar groups, such as Women Strike for Peace (WSP), and Another Mother for Peace; these groups allowed women to become proactive and paved the way for the liberation of women. Arguably the largest source of discontent regarding the Vietnam War came from the students. Students joined the antiwar movement because they were morally opposed to all wars and did not want to fight in a foreign civil war. The students had credibility in their disapproval, because most of those subjected to the draft were too young to vote and therefore did not have a say in the direction of the war. The best–known national student organization for opposing the war Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 15. Anti-War Pacifism Pacifism covers an array of views and there are many subcategories of pacifism, some of which I will cover, but the main definition of the word pacifism is the opposition to war and/or violence. Perhaps the most famous use of the word pacifism is found in the "Sermon on the Mount", where Jesus claims the "peacemakers" are blessed. In this passage, the Greek word eirenopoios is translated into Latin as pacifici, which means those who work for peace. One common and simple argument for pacifism among religious groups or god fearing people is the argument that god's revealed words says, through the bible, "Thou shalt not kill." Universal pacifists are morally opposed to all violence, not just killing. And many universal pacifists derive their...show more content... If the Germans, instead of being resisted by force of arms, had been passively permitted to establish themselves wherever they pleased, the halo of glory and courage surrounding the brutality of military success would have been absent, and public opinion in Germany itself would have rendered any oppression impossible." He taught non–resistance as proper defense to violence. For such antiwar pacifists, all participation in war is morally wrong. A universal and unavoidable product of war is that soldiers get killed. Most people accept these killings as a necessary evil and that the ends justify the means. If the war is "justifiable",the killing of enemy soldiers is deemed as a necessary triumph of what is right. If the war is unjustified, it is seen as honorable to fight for one's country, whether you agree with them or not. But antiwar pacifists do not take the lives of soldiers for granted. Everyone has a right to life and killing on the battlefield is a direct violation of that right. In a standard interpretation of basic rights, it is never morally justifiable to violate a right in order to produce some good. In war, the argument goes, kill or be killed, and that type of killing is killing in self–defense. But, according to anti–war pacifists, killing in the name of self–defense during times of war cannot be justified unless a) they had no other way to protect their Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 16. The Pros And Cons Of The Anti-War Movement Thus in conclusion, the drafting of young American men by the American government and the subsequent reaction of draft protests, added to the chaotic situation the Policy makers were facing due to the public disorder created, but at the same time also evidenced the limitations of the student's power and ability to truly gain significant public support and be taken seriously. Such limitations will reoccur later and mark one of the reasons why the student's movement was not fully responsible for the withdrawal of American troops in 1975. Strengths and Weaknesses of the Movement By 1965 together with the staging of massive demonstrations, the teach in wave and draft protests by students, the anti–war movement in universities continued to evidence the war as a major political issue and kept it in national spotlight (Hall 127). Although it might not have seemed apparent at the time of the protests, the sustained activism against the war, maintained the vast pressure on the administrations to bring the conflict to a close...show more content... Historians argue the diversity of the movement and the tactics used were the major strengths the movement had. Hall states that thanks to the large variety of activities (stated in the previous section) and its diversity, the movement with its fluidity could sustain the pressure put on the Policy makers (Hall 119). Jones additionally argues, that with the spread of the movement to other groups in society beyond Universities, it became more effective producing a "cumulative effect that sapped resistance power of the policy makers" (Jeffrey–Jones 3, 223). The strengths Hall and Jones refer to however address the entire movement as a whole, saying that the co–operation of Student groups with many different activist groups such as civil rights groups, feminist groups was what gave it Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 17. During the Civil Rights Movement and the Anti War Movement allot of artists created their own expressions of why the war should be opposed. Much of the art, photographs and drawings were that of supporting the events that were happening during war time. Some art contained items needed and used by Americans such as guns, bombs, soldiers gear and their surrounding horrible environment. African Americans, like Martin Luther King Jr. and the Black Panther Party totally disapproved of the war and showed strong opposite feelings of the U.S. in Vietnam. Both white groups and black groups hated the war but each group protested during separate times and events. As with artists, their showings were in separate places. All art used during this time was Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 18. The Antiwar Movement: The Vietnam War Movement The Vietnam War raged on from 1954–1975, taking over three million lives with it. Conflicts rooted in the cold war resulted in the United States sending troops to defend South Vietnamese democracy. However as the war became more lengthy and expensive, many civilians began to protest the United States participating in the war, creating the Antiwar Movement. Though the movement had lasting effects on society, it did not immediately cause theUnited States to retreat from Vietnam. The antiwar movement of the 1960's, which is deeply connected with the transcendentalist belief of Civil Disobedience, protested the involvement of the United States in the infamous Vietnam War, and has had numerous effects on the American Military and Government to this day. However, the movement that strived for peace did not completely accomplish its goal of ending the United States' involvement in international armed conflict. "It is impossible to win a long protracted war without popular support" (The Antiwar Movement). The Antiwar movement had a significant impact on the United States Military, as the movement reflected the power of civilians in their government's fighting force. In the beginning of the war, the United States Military had the support of its people in the pursuit to protect...show more content... The Vietnam War began in 1954 with an expected amount critics but these opponents eventually became the basis for the movement. Protests and demonstrations over time gained momentum, creating a community of civilians working to bring troops home from Asia. While the war did end in 1975, it took the antiwar movement alongside the government almost 20 years to do so. The movement also did not prevent the United States from entering other international armed conflict, one of their main goals. In the years to come the United States found itself in other conflicts such as the Persian Gulf War and the Iraq Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 19. The Anti-War Movement The beginning of the anti–war movement started off much different from what it became during the late 1960's and early 1970's. Before the movement was ever solidified as an "anti–war", the movement began during 1955 and seemed like any other peace advocacy.(2) During this time participants focused on banning nuclear testing, an issue that arose because of the Cold War. After the 1963 nuclear test–ban treaty, the movement began to focus on issues in Indochina. As the military presence began to grow in Indochina, and a potential war was at risk the peace movement gradually transformed into an anti–war movement. Although it was relatively small in 1960 having only a dozen organizations who were mainly radicals and students by 1970 the size grew Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 20. Anti War Movement Research Paper Anti War Movement There were many reasons for the anti–war movement in the sixties and seventies. Basically, they can be categorized into three groups: the media, attitudes of a younger generation, and politics. This essay will describe how each group contributed to the anti–war movement of the Vietnam War. Politically, the war in Vietnam became a sensitive issue. The U.S. began bombing North Vietnam in 1964. By the late sixties the war effort and become so costly that to promote the war effort could become a political blunder. Continuing a war effort so far away and in a country that was not easy to transport needed things to the troops became a monstrous effort in manpower and cost. Food, water, and clothing in Vietnam were not items that could be obtained easily. By 1968 there were 540,000 troops in Vietnam. Providing for the soldiers and other personnel added to the costs. As the war costs mounted, people in the United States became resentful of all the money used in the war effort that could have been used back at home. This became a political nightmare for politicians that were trying to continue the war effort. Compounding our efforts to fund and fight the war in Vietnam was the fact that two other super–powers, the Soviet Union and China, were...show more content... Generally, the media tends to lean to the liberal side. Never before was the media given so much access to the everyday activities of a war effort. One example is the reporting of the My Lai Massacre which demonstrated the bad judgement and conduct by the military. Even though this was a rare occurrence, the media was able to bring it to everyone's attention quickly and graphically. At home the media was right in the middle of all the demonstrations that were taking place. The combination of graphic details of what was occurring in Vietnam and the constant and close–up coverage of the demonstrations at home added greatly to the total anti–war Get more content on HelpWriting.net