Year 10 GCSE Law Completion of murder Involuntary manslaughter
Objective <ul><li>To understand how to apply the rules of murder and of defences to murder </li></ul><ul><li>To understand...
Bingo Choose 8 of the following words <ul><li>Murder Manslaughter Homicide </li></ul><ul><li>Sec 2 homicide Act Sec 3 Homi...
<ul><li>This is the guilty act of a  crime </li></ul><ul><li>This defence requires a sudden ad temporary loss of self cont...
Involuntary Manslaughter <ul><li>Two main ways </li></ul><ul><li>Unlawful Act Manslaughter </li></ul><ul><li>Gross Neglige...
Unlawful Act Manslaughter <ul><li>The D must do an unlawful act </li></ul><ul><li>The act must be dangerous on an objectiv...
The Unlawful Act <ul><li>R V Mitchell 1983 </li></ul><ul><li>What was the unlawful act? </li></ul><ul><li>Other ways Crimi...
Dangerous Act <ul><li>What is an objective test? </li></ul><ul><li>Risk need only be some harm </li></ul><ul><li>The harm ...
Causing Death <ul><li>It must cause death </li></ul><ul><li>Chain of causation rules apply </li></ul>
Mens Rea <ul><li>Only for the unlawful act </li></ul><ul><li>Not necessary for the D to realise that the act was dangerous...
Gross Negligence Manslaughter <ul><li>A person must owe a duty of care </li></ul><ul><li>That duty must be performed in su...
Duty of care <ul><li>Doctor patient </li></ul><ul><li>Duty to maintain property-gas fires </li></ul><ul><li>Owner of a mas...
Answer the following <ul><li>George while driving at 60mph </li></ul><ul><li>Through a 30mph area loses control of his car...
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Law-Exchange.co.uk Shared Resource

  1. 1. Year 10 GCSE Law Completion of murder Involuntary manslaughter
  2. 2. Objective <ul><li>To understand how to apply the rules of murder and of defences to murder </li></ul><ul><li>To understand what law the recognises as involuntary act manslaughter </li></ul>
  3. 3. Bingo Choose 8 of the following words <ul><li>Murder Manslaughter Homicide </li></ul><ul><li>Sec 2 homicide Act Sec 3 Homicide Act </li></ul><ul><li>Mandatory Sentence Life sentence </li></ul><ul><li>R v Smith R v Tandy R v Woollin </li></ul><ul><li>R v Thornton Chain of Causation </li></ul><ul><li>Omission Avoiding action Actus Reus </li></ul><ul><li>Mens Rea Criminal Liability Prison </li></ul><ul><li>Strict Liability Provocation Suicide Pact </li></ul><ul><li>Diminished Responsibility </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>This is the guilty act of a crime </li></ul><ul><li>This defence requires a sudden ad temporary loss of self control </li></ul><ul><li>This case involves the chain of causation </li></ul><ul><li>Actus reus can also be committed by not doing an act </li></ul><ul><li>This crime requires malice aforethought </li></ul><ul><li>This case involves the jury test on foresight of consequences </li></ul><ul><li>This is another word for murder </li></ul><ul><li>This is the Latin term for guilty mind </li></ul><ul><li>This case involved a mother killing her daughter through alcoholism </li></ul><ul><li>This is the link between the defendant and the victim </li></ul><ul><li>A judge must give this type of sentence if a person is guilty of murder </li></ul><ul><li>This is still murder but without specific intention </li></ul><ul><li>This is a crime that requires no mens rea </li></ul><ul><li>This is a defence that requires an abnormality of the mind </li></ul><ul><li>This means how responsible you are for a crime </li></ul><ul><li>This can cause a problem with the chain of causation </li></ul><ul><li>This is a case of battered wives syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>Diminished responsibility is this section of a law </li></ul><ul><li>Provocation is this section of a law A person will receive this punishment for murder </li></ul><ul><li>This is also known as penal punishment </li></ul><ul><li>This is a defence only if you also intended to kill yourself but failed </li></ul>
  5. 5. Involuntary Manslaughter <ul><li>Two main ways </li></ul><ul><li>Unlawful Act Manslaughter </li></ul><ul><li>Gross Negligence Manslaughter </li></ul><ul><li>A person will go not guilty and it is an indictable offence </li></ul>
  6. 6. Unlawful Act Manslaughter <ul><li>The D must do an unlawful act </li></ul><ul><li>The act must be dangerous on an objective test </li></ul><ul><li>The act must cause the death </li></ul><ul><li>The D must have the required mens rea for the unlawful act </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Unlawful Act <ul><li>R V Mitchell 1983 </li></ul><ul><li>What was the unlawful act? </li></ul><ul><li>Other ways Criminal damage </li></ul><ul><li>DPP v New bury and Jones 1976 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Dangerous Act <ul><li>What is an objective test? </li></ul><ul><li>Risk need only be some harm </li></ul><ul><li>The harm need not be serious </li></ul>
  9. 9. Causing Death <ul><li>It must cause death </li></ul><ul><li>Chain of causation rules apply </li></ul>
  10. 10. Mens Rea <ul><li>Only for the unlawful act </li></ul><ul><li>Not necessary for the D to realise that the act was dangerous or unlawful </li></ul>
  11. 11. Gross Negligence Manslaughter <ul><li>A person must owe a duty of care </li></ul><ul><li>That duty must be performed in such a negligent way that death arises </li></ul><ul><li>Then that person can be guilty of Gross Negligence Manslaughter </li></ul><ul><li>R v Adomako 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>Gross negligence is for the jury to decide </li></ul><ul><li>“ Whether, having regard to the risk of death involved, the conduct of the D was so bad in all the circumstances as to amount in their judgement to a criminal act or omission. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Duty of care <ul><li>Doctor patient </li></ul><ul><li>Duty to maintain property-gas fires </li></ul><ul><li>Owner of a master sailing a ship </li></ul><ul><li>R v Wacker </li></ul>
  13. 13. Answer the following <ul><li>George while driving at 60mph </li></ul><ul><li>Through a 30mph area loses control of his car and mounts the pavement and knocks down a pedestrian </li></ul><ul><li>Patricia who has a bad scar on her face, is teased by Andrew who calls her an ugly mug. In a temper Patricia seizes a knife and stabs Andrew killing him </li></ul><ul><li>Franklin, who is mentally retarded hits Steven on the head with a hammer. Steven is taken to hospital and is put on a life support machine. 3 days later the doctor switches off the life support machine and Steven dies. </li></ul>

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