Muscular System Disease


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diseases of the digestive system

Muscular System Disease

  1. 1. Muscular System Muscle Injuries and Diseases
  2. 9. Muscle Injuries <ul><li>1. Strain- is the tearing or stretching of muscle fibers when they are suddenly pulled apart too far. </li></ul>
  3. 10. Treatment for Strain <ul><li>1. Apply an ice pack to the affected area. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Take Analgesics. </li></ul>
  4. 11. 2. Cramp <ul><li>It is an uncontrolled and prolonged contraction of a muscle accompanied by pain. </li></ul>
  5. 12. <ul><li>It is caused by build up of lactic acid in the muscle during of immediately after a strenuous exercise. </li></ul><ul><li>Lactic Acid-Milk Acid </li></ul>
  6. 13. <ul><li>It is also caused by lack of oxygen in the muscle due to poor blood circulation when in awkward sitting position. </li></ul>
  7. 14. Treatment for Cramps <ul><li>Massage the affected area. </li></ul>
  8. 15. 3. Bruise <ul><li>Discoloration of the muscle. Black and blue spot caused by the blood from the injured muscle (pasa). </li></ul>
  9. 16. Treatment for Bruises <ul><li>Cold compress to prevent swelling and ease the pain. </li></ul>
  10. 17. Diseases and Disorders of muscles and Tendons <ul><li>1. Tendinitis is an inflammation or swelling of the tendons specially in the knees, heels, shoulders, and elbow. </li></ul>
  11. 18. Treatment for Tendinitis <ul><li>Doctors use anti-inflammatory drugs to cure tendinitis. </li></ul>
  12. 19. 2. Trigger Finger <ul><li>The sheath around the tendon become swollen. The finger becomes swollen. </li></ul>
  13. 21. <ul><li>It is called trigger finger because when the finger unlocks, it pops back suddenly, as if releasing a trigger on a gun. </li></ul>
  14. 22. Treatment for Trigger Finger <ul><li>1. Corticosteroid injection. </li></ul>
  15. 23. 2. Operations
  16. 24. 3. Infection <ul><li>A. Gangrene is the death of muscle tissues due to bacterial infection or the absence of blood supply. </li></ul>
  17. 27. Treatment for Gangrene <ul><li>The affected part is cut off. </li></ul>
  18. 28. 4. Tumors <ul><li>It is an abnormal mass of tissue. It occurs mostly to women. It ussually develop in the uterus. </li></ul>
  19. 30. Treatment for tumor <ul><li>Operation </li></ul>
  20. 31. 5. Myasthenia Gravis <ul><li>Or Serious Muscle Weakness </li></ul><ul><li>The muscle become weak and tire easily. </li></ul>
  21. 32. Treatment of Myasthenia Gravis <ul><li>Continuous medication </li></ul>
  22. 33. 6. Muscular Dystrophy <ul><li>An inherited muscular disorder in which the muscles slowly become weak. </li></ul>
  23. 34. <ul><li>Muscular dystrophies are characterized by progressive skeletal muscle weakness, defects in muscle proteins , and the death of muscle cells and tissue </li></ul>
  24. 35. Treatment for Muscular Dystrophy <ul><li>There is no known cure for muscular dystrophy. However, they should not be allowed to get overweight because this will make their condition worse. They should be active. </li></ul>
  25. 36. <ul><li>Write the correct answer on your answer sheet. </li></ul><ul><li>1. The prolonged contraction of muscle. </li></ul><ul><li>2. How are you going to treat gangrene? </li></ul><ul><li>3. The swelling of the tendon. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Tearing or stretching of the muscle. </li></ul><ul><li>5. The inherited muscular disorder in which the muscles become weak. </li></ul><ul><li>6. It affects mostly women. </li></ul><ul><li>7. The treatment for this disease is corticosteroid injection. </li></ul>
  26. 37. Assignment: Science <ul><li>Study for a quiz tom. about the kinds of muscle and how muscles move. </li></ul>