Ginseng

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Ginseng

  1. 1. Jake Lau Hort 4000 http://web.mit.edu/shiladit/www/Lab/InTheNews/Images/ginseng1.jpg
  2. 2. Question
  3. 3. What is Ginseng? <ul><li>Family ~ Araliaceae </li></ul><ul><li>Genus ~ Panax </li></ul><ul><li>Whorled Compound leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Herbaceous perennial </li></ul><ul><li>Rhizomes </li></ul><ul><li>Red berries </li></ul>
  4. 4. Distribution of Panax P. quinquefolius P. notoginseng P. ginseng P. vietnamensis
  5. 5. History of Ginseng <ul><li>King of Herbs </li></ul><ul><li>Man-root </li></ul><ul><li>P. ginseng first discovered in Northern China 5,000 years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>Medicinal uses recorded 3,000 years ago. </li></ul>http://www.bouncingbearbotanicals.com/images/ginseng_root.jpg
  6. 6. Question <ul><li>What color are ginseng fruit? </li></ul>
  7. 7. RED
  8. 8. History of Ginseng <ul><li>Due to over harvesting wild Chinese ginseng now very rare. </li></ul><ul><li>About 600 years ago, cultivation began. </li></ul>http://www.gardensmarten3.com/images/lawnmower.jpg
  9. 9. Cultivation problems <ul><li>Photophobic - too much light will cause leaf damage and lower root yields </li></ul><ul><li>40 days below freezing or seeds won’t sprout </li></ul><ul><li>Both well-drained and well-wattered </li></ul><ul><li>Climate must be cool and temperate </li></ul><ul><li>Specific levels of nutrients </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depletes nutrient levels </li></ul></ul>http://www.bcginsenggrowers.com/img/ginseng_shade_cloth.jpg
  10. 10. Other problems <ul><li>Takes a long time to harvest a crop! </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivated are different from wild. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Question - what two countries produce the most ginseng in the world?
  12. 13. Numbers <ul><li>60% of North American ginseng goes to China </li></ul><ul><li>In 2007,Hong Kong imported 2,223,228 pieces worth $116,860,435. </li></ul>http://www.nwf.org/nationalwildlife/images/012007/WV_ginseng_pile.jpg
  13. 14. An oldie, but a goodie! <ul><li>100 years old </li></ul><ul><li>$250,000 </li></ul>300 years old $400,000 http://yeinjee.com/asianpop/wp-content/uploads/2007
  14. 15. Question <ul><li>What are two challenges of cultivation? </li></ul>http://chinesemedicinenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/06/ginseng-korean.thumbnail.jpg
  15. 16. Question <ul><li>Why do the Chinese call ginseng man-root? </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Improves psychological function, immune function, and conditions associated w/diabetes. </li></ul><ul><li>Has anti-inflammatory properties, is an antioxidant, and has anti-cancer properties (dissolves tumors). </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent coughs </li></ul><ul><li>Aids in liver and lung regeneration </li></ul><ul><li>Enhances blood alcohol clearance </li></ul><ul><li>reduces the effects of alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>helps prevent hangovers </li></ul><ul><li>Increased energy and stamina </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces aging, lower stress, increases memory </li></ul>
  17. 18. Not all ginseng is created equal <ul><li>Yin and Yang </li></ul>http://www.truestarhealth.com/Notes/Images/Herb/Ginseng_Asian.jpg http://z.about.com/d/forestry/1/5/C/D/sangcrofta.jpg
  18. 19. Types <ul><li>Honey </li></ul><ul><li>Liquid extract </li></ul><ul><li>Tea </li></ul><ul><li>Dried </li></ul><ul><li>Red ginseng </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh </li></ul>http://www.tenrentea.com.au/images/ULenergy_booster.jpg http://tour.chungnam.net/images/engl/good/product_16_01.gif
  19. 20. Question What type of ginseng would you take if it was a Very hot day?
  20. 21. Questions?
  21. 22. References <ul><li>Hoon, Park. (2003). The history of ginseng cultivation in the orient. Acta Horticulturae. No. 620 pgs 453-460, </li></ul><ul><li>Bailey, W.G. (2003). The globalization of ginseng. Acta Horticulturae. No. 620 pgs 427-451 </li></ul><ul><li>Anne Kitchener (1996). Ginseng Panax spp. The Austrailian new crops issue. July. www.newcrops.uq.edu.au/newslett/ncnl6151.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Kristine Cai. (2004). The Market for Ginseng Roots Grows in South China. www.fas.usda.gov/info/agexporter/1998/Sept%201998/ginseng.html </li></ul><ul><li>Nicholls, Walter. (2004). American Ginseng. Washington Post. June 16th. </li></ul>

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