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CHAPTER 3:
BASIC STORY
STRUCTURE
Identify hard news, features and news features
Identify lead and body and how they are
di...
Hard news vs. soft news
Hard or breaking news
Timely stories about events that have
just happened or are about to happen.
...
Hard news vs. soft news
Soft news or features
News that entertains or informs with an
emphasis on human interest and novel...
Structure of a story
Lead
Body
= introduction
= the rest
Hard news vs. soft news
Hard or breaking news
Timely stories about events that have just
happened or are about to happen.
...
Definition: Inverted pyramid
Hard-news structure
Story organization in which the most important information is
placed at t...
Origin: inverted pyramid
• American Civil War reporters sent stories by telegraph.
• Stories were often cut off in mid-sen...
Advantages: inverted pyramid
•Condenses information efficiently,
so readers can grasp facts quickly.
•Allows editors to tr...
Disadvantages: inverted pyramid
•Can be boring. No suspense.
•Doesn’t tell the reader a story with a
beginning, middle and...
Example: inverted pyramid
The world’s oldest dog has died in
Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years
and eight months — equa...
Example: inverted pyramid
The world’s oldest dog has died in
Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years
and eight months — equa...
Example: inverted pyramid
The world’s oldest dog has died in
Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years
and eight months — equa...
Example: inverted pyramid
The world’s oldest dog has died in
Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years
and eight months — equa...
Example: inverted pyramid
The world’s oldest dog has died in
Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years
and eight months — equa...
Example: inverted pyramid
The world’s oldest dog has died in
Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years
and eight months — equa...
Example: inverted pyramid
The world’s oldest dog has died in
Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years
and eight months — equa...
Example: inverted pyramid
The world’s oldest dog has died in
Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years
and eight months — equa...
Example: inverted pyramid
The world’s oldest dog has died in
Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years
and eight months — equa...
Example: inverted pyramid
The world’s oldest dog has died in
Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years
and eight months — equa...
The story: “3 Little Pigs”
Hard-news structure
From "Three little pigs - third pig builds a house - Project Gutenberg eTex...
The story: “3 Little Pigs”
• Once upon a time, there were three little pigs. One pig built
a house of straw, while the sec...
5 Ws and H: “3 Little Pigs”
Who?
• The three little pigs and the wolf
What happened?
• Wolf blew down the straw and stick ...
5 Ws and H: “3 Little Pigs”
Why did it happen?
• Wolf was trying to eat the pigs.
How did it happen?
• The first two house...
Hard-news structure
WHO
DID
WHAT
Strong,
active verb
What’s your summary lead for “3 Little Pigs”?
A wolf blew down two pigs’ houses but was killed when
he entered a third pig...
Hard news vs. soft news
Soft news or features
News that entertains or informs with an
emphasis on human interest and novel...
Vocabulary review
• Human interest:
An event or situation that appeals to the emotions of
readers
• Anecdote:
A short fact...
Vocabulary review
• So what? or nut graph:
A phrase meant to remind
reporters to include in their
stories the significance...
Vocabulary review
• So what? or nut graph
answers:
• What’s really important
about this event or
development?
• Why do my ...
Vocabulary review
• So what? or nut
graph answers:
• What’s really
important about
this event or
development?
• Why do my
...
Vocabulary review
• News peg:
The recent breaking or hard news that has prompted this
more in-depth news feature.
Hard new...
Hard news vs. soft newsSoft news or features
News that entertains or informs with an emphasis on
human interest and novelt...
Hard news vs. soft news
News feature
A story based on a breaking-news event
reported with feature-writing techniques
and/o...
Soft news versus news feature:
what’s the key difference?
• Soft news: News that entertains or informs
with an emphasis on...
News feature
A story based on a breaking-news event reported
with feature-writing techniques and/or a human-
interest angl...
Vocabulary review
A. Timely stories about events
that have just happened or
are about to happen.
B. News that entertains o...
Hard news, soft news or news feature
Hard news, soft news or news feature
“Zhou Yongkang…shared
the documents with his
qigong master, who claims
supernatural a...
So What?
or nut graph
Hard news, soft news or news feature
“It’s the latest example of a
trusted relationship between
the ...
Hard news, soft news or news feature
Hard news vs. soft news
News feature
A story based on a breaking-news event
reported with feature-writing techniques
and/o...
Hard news, soft news or news feature
Hard news, soft news or news feature
Summary
lead: who
did what
Hard news, soft news or news feature
Hard news vs. soft news
News feature
A story based on a breaking-news event
reported with feature-writing techniques
and/o...
Hard news, soft news or news feature
Hard news, soft news or news feature
• May be a description of a
person or place or a little
story, or anecdote
• Includes...
Hard news, soft news or news feature
Summary
lead: who
did what
Hard news, soft news or news feature
May 6, 2015
Hard news, soft news or news feature
• May be a description of a
person or place or a little
story, or anecdote
• Includes...
Hard news, soft news or news feature
May 6, 2015
Hard news vs. soft news
News feature
A story based on a breaking-news event
reported with feature-writing techniques
and/o...
Hard news, soft news or news feature
May 6, 2015
Hard news, soft news or news feature
June 4, 1989
Hard news, soft news or news feature
June 2, 2014
Hard news vs. soft news
News feature
A story based on a breaking-news event
reported with feature-writing techniques
and/o...
Hard news, soft news or news feature
June 2, 2014
Definitions: context and background
Both help readers better understand the
event. Which is context? Background?
A. Inform...
Definitions: context and background
Find both: The prime minister’s statement came
amid a tense stand-off between Cambodia...
Definitions: context and background
Context? The prime minister’s statement came
amid a tense stand-off between Cambodian ...
Definitions: context and background
Context? The prime minister’s statement came
amid a tense stand-off between Cambodian ...
Definitions: context and background
Background? The prime minister’s statement
came amid a tense stand-off between
Cambodi...
Definitions: context and background
Background? The prime minister’s statement
came amid a tense stand-off between
Cambodi...
Definitions: context and background
So what, or nut graph? The prime minister’s
statement came amid a tense stand-off betw...
Definitions: context and background
So what, or nut graph? The prime minister’s
statement came amid a tense stand-off betw...
Bottom right, page 27:
Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries
are studying a plan to set up an association of rice-
...
•Hard news, soft news or news feature?
•Lead?
•Body?
•Inverted pyramid?
•News peg?
•Attribution?
•Context?
•Background?
•S...
Hard news, soft news or news feature?
Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries are
studying a plan to set up an associ...
Lead?
Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries
are studying a plan to set up an association of rice-
exporting nations...
Body?
Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries
are studying a plan to set up an association of rice-
exporting nations...
Inverted pyramid?
Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries
are studying a plan to set up an association of rice-
expor...
News peg?
Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries
are studying a plan to set up an association of rice-
exporting nat...
Attribution?
Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries
are studying a plan to set up an association of rice-
exporting ...
Context?
Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries
are studying a plan to set up an association of rice-
exporting nati...
Background?
Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries
are studying a plan to set up an association of rice-
exporting n...
So what, or nut graf?
Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries
are studying a plan to set up an association of rice-
e...
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Basic News Story Structure - JNL-1102 - Reporting and Writing I - Professor Linda Austin - National Management College - Yangon, Myanmar

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This presentation about the basic structure of news stories goes with Chapter 3 of "Reporting and Writing News: A Basic Handbook," by Peter Eng and Jeff Hodson. It

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Basic News Story Structure - JNL-1102 - Reporting and Writing I - Professor Linda Austin - National Management College - Yangon, Myanmar

  1. 1. CHAPTER 3: BASIC STORY STRUCTURE Identify hard news, features and news features Identify lead and body and how they are different for hard news and features Write a summary lead and define inverted pyramid Identify so what (nut graph), news peg, context and background
  2. 2. Hard news vs. soft news Hard or breaking news Timely stories about events that have just happened or are about to happen. Examples: • Crime • Accidents • Disasters • Government reports • Parliament passes a law • One company buys another • Results of a badminton match • Photo by Steven Taschuk
  3. 3. Hard news vs. soft news Soft news or features News that entertains or informs with an emphasis on human interest and novelty and less so on immediacy. Often, inspires warm and fuzzy feelings. Examples: • Animals • Children • Celebrities • Humor • Holidays Photo by Nathan
  4. 4. Structure of a story Lead Body = introduction = the rest
  5. 5. Hard news vs. soft news Hard or breaking news Timely stories about events that have just happened or are about to happen. • Photo by Steven Taschuk Lead Body • Usually one sentence • What the story is about • Summary of the most important of the 5 Ws and H • Info in order of importance • Explains and supports lead • Details, quotes, background
  6. 6. Definition: Inverted pyramid Hard-news structure Story organization in which the most important information is placed at the beginning, or in the lead, followed by information that supports the lead, and then less important information.
  7. 7. Origin: inverted pyramid • American Civil War reporters sent stories by telegraph. • Stories were often cut off in mid-sentence, before the reporter had said who’d won the battle. • Editors: file fact-filled summaries FIRST, then add the details. Hard-news structure ByExpertInfantry ofaMathewBradyphoto
  8. 8. Advantages: inverted pyramid •Condenses information efficiently, so readers can grasp facts quickly. •Allows editors to trim stories from the bottom, since the details in the text become gradually less essential. •Forces reporter to focus on what are the most important elements Hard-news structure
  9. 9. Disadvantages: inverted pyramid •Can be boring. No suspense. •Doesn’t tell the reader a story with a beginning, middle and end. •Instead of a strong ending, the story loses steam, encouraging people to stop reading. Hard-news structure Writing from the Top Down: Pros and Cons of the Inverted Pyramid, by Chip Scanlan for Poynter.org
  10. 10. Example: inverted pyramid The world’s oldest dog has died in Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years and eight months — equal to 125 human years. Pusuke, a fluffy tan Shiba mix, died Monday after suddenly falling ill and refusing to eat. “I thank him for living so long with me,” owner Yumiko Shinohara told reporters. “I felt as if he was my child.” The dog was born at the home of Shinohara’s sister in March 1985 and was registered as a pet on April 1 that year. In 2008, he suffered serious injuries after being hit by a car. A veterinarian told Shinohara it would be difficult to save Pusuke’s life, but the dog underwent successful surgery. Pusuke was recognized as the world’s oldest living dog last December. The Guinness record for canine longevity is 29 years, set by Bluey, an Australian cattle dog who died in 1939. Hard-news structure From Tim Harrower’s Inside Reporting
  11. 11. Example: inverted pyramid The world’s oldest dog has died in Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years and eight months — equal to 125 human years. Pusuke, a fluffy tan Shiba mix, died Monday after suddenly falling ill and refusing to eat. “I thank him for living so long with me,” owner Yumiko Shinohara told reporters. “I felt as if he was my child.” The dog was born at the home of Shinohara’s sister in March 1985 and was registered as a pet on April 1 that year. In 2008, he suffered serious injuries after being hit by a car. A veterinarian told Shinohara it would be difficult to save Pusuke’s life, but the dog underwent successful surgery. Pusuke was recognized as the world’s oldest living dog last December. The Guinness record for canine longevity is 29 years, set by Bluey, an Australian cattle dog who died in 1939. Hard-news structure From Tim Harrower’s Inside Reporting
  12. 12. Example: inverted pyramid The world’s oldest dog has died in Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years and eight months — equal to 125 human years. Pusuke, a fluffy tan Shiba mix, died Monday after suddenly falling ill and refusing to eat. “I thank him for living so long with me,” owner Yumiko Shinohara told reporters. “I felt as if he was my child.” The dog was born at the home of Shinohara’s sister in March 1985 and was registered as a pet on April 1 that year. In 2008, he suffered serious injuries after being hit by a car. A veterinarian told Shinohara it would be difficult to save Pusuke’s life, but the dog underwent successful surgery. Pusuke was recognized as the world’s oldest living dog last December. The Guinness record for canine longevity is 29 years, set by Bluey, an Australian cattle dog who died in 1939. Hard-news structure From Tim Harrower’s Inside Reporting
  13. 13. Example: inverted pyramid The world’s oldest dog has died in Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years and eight months — equal to 125 human years. Pusuke, a fluffy tan Shiba mix, died Monday after suddenly falling ill and refusing to eat. “I thank him for living so long with me,” owner Yumiko Shinohara told reporters. “I felt as if he was my child.” The dog was born at the home of Shinohara’s sister in March 1985 and was registered as a pet on April 1 that year. In 2008, he suffered serious injuries after being hit by a car. A veterinarian told Shinohara it would be difficult to save Pusuke’s life, but the dog underwent successful surgery. Pusuke was recognized as the world’s oldest living dog last December. The Guinness record for canine longevity is 29 years, set by Bluey, an Australian cattle dog who died in 1939. Hard-news structure From Tim Harrower’s Inside Reporting
  14. 14. Example: inverted pyramid The world’s oldest dog has died in Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years and eight months — equal to 125 human years. Pusuke, a fluffy tan Shiba mix, died Monday after suddenly falling ill and refusing to eat. “I thank him for living so long with me,” owner Yumiko Shinohara told reporters. “I felt as if he was my child.” The dog was born at the home of Shinohara’s sister in March 1985 and was registered as a pet on April 1 that year. In 2008, he suffered serious injuries after being hit by a car. A veterinarian told Shinohara it would be difficult to save Pusuke’s life, but the dog underwent successful surgery. Pusuke was recognized as the world’s oldest living dog last December. The Guinness record for canine longevity is 29 years, set by Bluey, an Australian cattle dog who died in 1939. Hard-news structure From Tim Harrower’s Inside Reporting
  15. 15. Example: inverted pyramid The world’s oldest dog has died in Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years and eight months — equal to 125 human years. Pusuke, a fluffy tan Shiba mix, died Monday after suddenly falling ill and refusing to eat. “I thank him for living so long with me,” owner Yumiko Shinohara told reporters. “I felt as if he was my child.” The dog was born at the home of Shinohara’s sister in March 1985 and was registered as a pet on April 1 that year. In 2008, he suffered serious injuries after being hit by a car. A veterinarian told Shinohara it would be difficult to save Pusuke’s life, but the dog underwent successful surgery. Pusuke was recognized as the world’s oldest living dog last December. The Guinness record for canine longevity is 29 years, set by Bluey, an Australian cattle dog who died in 1939. Hard-news structure From Tim Harrower’s Inside Reporting
  16. 16. Example: inverted pyramid The world’s oldest dog has died in Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years and eight months — equal to 125 human years. Pusuke, a fluffy tan Shiba mix, died Monday after suddenly falling ill and refusing to eat. “I thank him for living so long with me,” owner Yumiko Shinohara told reporters. “I felt as if he was my child.” The dog was born at the home of Shinohara’s sister in March 1985 and was registered as a pet on April 1 that year. In 2008, he suffered serious injuries after being hit by a car. A veterinarian told Shinohara it would be difficult to save Pusuke’s life, but the dog underwent successful surgery. Pusuke was recognized as the world’s oldest living dog last December. The Guinness record for canine longevity is 29 years, set by Bluey, an Australian cattle dog who died in 1939. Hard-news structure From Tim Harrower’s Inside Reporting
  17. 17. Example: inverted pyramid The world’s oldest dog has died in Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years and eight months — equal to 125 human years. Pusuke, a fluffy tan Shiba mix, died Monday after suddenly falling ill and refusing to eat. “I thank him for living so long with me,” owner Yumiko Shinohara told reporters. “I felt as if he was my child.” The dog was born at the home of Shinohara’s sister in March 1985 and was registered as a pet on April 1 that year. In 2008, he suffered serious injuries after being hit by a car. A veterinarian told Shinohara it would be difficult to save Pusuke’s life, but the dog underwent successful surgery. Pusuke was recognized as the world’s oldest living dog last December. The Guinness record for canine longevity is 29 years, set by Bluey, an Australian cattle dog who died in 1939. Hard-news structure From Tim Harrower’s Inside Reporting
  18. 18. Example: inverted pyramid The world’s oldest dog has died in Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years and eight months — equal to 125 human years. Pusuke, a fluffy tan Shiba mix, died Monday after suddenly falling ill and refusing to eat. “I thank him for living so long with me,” owner Yumiko Shinohara told reporters. “I felt as if he was my child.” The dog was born at the home of Shinohara’s sister in March 1985 and was registered as a pet on April 1 that year. In 2008, he suffered serious injuries after being hit by a car. A veterinarian told Shinohara it would be difficult to save Pusuke’s life, but the dog underwent successful surgery. Pusuke was recognized as the world’s oldest living dog last December. The Guinness record for canine longevity is 29 years, set by Bluey, an Australian cattle dog who died in 1939. Hard-news structure From Tim Harrower’s Inside Reporting
  19. 19. Example: inverted pyramid The world’s oldest dog has died in Sakura, Japan, at the age of 26 years and eight months — equal to 125 human years. Pusuke, a fluffy tan Shiba mix, died Monday after suddenly falling ill and refusing to eat. “I thank him for living so long with me,” owner Yumiko Shinohara told reporters. “I felt as if he was my child.” The dog was born at the home of Shinohara’s sister in March 1985 and was registered as a pet on April 1 that year. In 2008, he suffered serious injuries after being hit by a car. A veterinarian told Shinohara it would be difficult to save Pusuke’s life, but the dog underwent successful surgery. Pusuke was recognized as the world’s oldest living dog last December. The Guinness record for canine longevity is 29 years, set by Bluey, an Australian cattle dog who died in 1939. Hard-news structure From Tim Harrower’s Inside Reporting
  20. 20. The story: “3 Little Pigs” Hard-news structure From "Three little pigs - third pig builds a house - Project Gutenberg eText 15661"
  21. 21. The story: “3 Little Pigs” • Once upon a time, there were three little pigs. One pig built a house of straw, while the second pig built his house with sticks. The third little pig built his house with bricks. • Spying a tasty meal, a big bad wolf chased the first two pigs, and they ran and hid in their houses. The wolf went to the first house of straw and huffed and puffed and blew the house down. The frightened little pig ran to the second pig’s house that was made of sticks. The wolf came to this house of sticks and huffed and puffed and blew the house down. Now, the two little pigs ran to the third pig’s house that was made of bricks. • The big bad wolf tried to huff and puff and blow the brick house down, but he could not. He tried to enter through the chimney, but the third little pig boiled a big pot of water and kept it below the chimney. The wolf fell into it and died. Excerpted from: http://shortstoriesshort.com/story/the-three-little-pigs/ Hard-news structure
  22. 22. 5 Ws and H: “3 Little Pigs” Who? • The three little pigs and the wolf What happened? • Wolf blew down the straw and stick houses of the first two little pigs. Wolf tried but failed to blow down the brick house of the third pig, where all three pigs had gathered. Wolf tried to enter the brick house through the chimney and fell into a pot of boiling water and died. Where did it take place? • At a straw house, a stick house and a brick house. When did it take place? At various times in one day. Hard-news structure Excerpted from http://blog.journalistics.com/2010/five-ws-one-h/
  23. 23. 5 Ws and H: “3 Little Pigs” Why did it happen? • Wolf was trying to eat the pigs. How did it happen? • The first two houses were not built to withstand Wolf’s powerful breath. Unable to blow down the brick house, Wolf fell into a pot of boiling water when entering through the chimney. Hard-news structure Text excerpted from http://blog.journalistics.com/2010/five-ws-one-h/ Image by "Page 69 illustration in English Fairy Tales" by Joseph Jacobs - English Fairy Tales, Jacobs, J., 1895 New York : Grossett & Dunlap (2nd edition?)
  24. 24. Hard-news structure WHO DID WHAT Strong, active verb
  25. 25. What’s your summary lead for “3 Little Pigs”? A wolf blew down two pigs’ houses but was killed when he entered a third pig’s house, according to witnesses. None of the pigs was injured. Hard-news structureByProjectGutenbergeText Summary lead • Usually one sentence • What the story is about: who did what • Summary of the most important of the 5 Ws and H
  26. 26. Hard news vs. soft news Soft news or features News that entertains or informs with an emphasis on human interest and novelty and less so on immediacy. Often, inspires warm and fuzzy feelings. Examples: • Animals • Children • Celebrities • Humor • Holidays Photo by Nathan
  27. 27. Vocabulary review • Human interest: An event or situation that appeals to the emotions of readers • Anecdote: A short factual story within a feature story, written with a beginning, middle and end. It is usually several paragraphs and illustrates an important point the writer is trying to make. Hard news, soft news or news feature Bysimpleinsomnia
  28. 28. Vocabulary review • So what? or nut graph: A phrase meant to remind reporters to include in their stories the significance of a news event or feature. It tells the reader why they should care about a particular event and how it could affect people. Hard news, soft news or news feature ByJørgenSchyberg
  29. 29. Vocabulary review • So what? or nut graph answers: • What’s really important about this event or development? • Why do my readers or listeners need to know this? • How will it affect their lives? Hard news, soft news or news feature ByJørgenSchyberg
  30. 30. Vocabulary review • So what? or nut graph answers: • What’s really important about this event or development? • Why do my readers or listeners need to know this? • How will it affect their lives? Hard news, soft news or news feature Vice President U Nyan Tun met Mr. Nikolai P. Patrushev, Secretary of Russia’s Security Council and party at the President Hotel in Moscow on Wednesday morning. They discussed further cementing friendly relations and cooperation between the two countries, cooperation in defence and security sectors, preparations for signing the MOUs,…..
  31. 31. Vocabulary review • News peg: The recent breaking or hard news that has prompted this more in-depth news feature. Hard news, soft news or news feature ByAndyRogers
  32. 32. Hard news vs. soft newsSoft news or features News that entertains or informs with an emphasis on human interest and novelty and less so on immediacy. Often, inspires warm and fuzzy feelings. Lead Body • May be a description of a person or place or a little story, or anecdote • Includes so what or nut graph • No more than four graphs • Has a beginning, middle and end • Good descriptions and quotes
  33. 33. Hard news vs. soft news News feature A story based on a breaking-news event reported with feature-writing techniques and/or a human-interest angle. Examples: • Trend stories • Events told through the eyes of one person • A follow-up story that examines one angle of a breaking-news event in more detail • Anniversaries of news events • Photos by Steven Taschuk and Nathan
  34. 34. Soft news versus news feature: what’s the key difference? • Soft news: News that entertains or informs with an emphasis on human interest and novelty and less so on immediacy. Often, inspires warm and fuzzy feelings. • News feature: A story based on a breaking-news event reported with feature- writing techniques and/or a human-interest angle. Hard news, soft news or news feature
  35. 35. News feature A story based on a breaking-news event reported with feature-writing techniques and/or a human- interest angle. Lead Body • May be a description of a person or place or a little story, or anecdote • Includes so what or nut graph with news peg • No more than four grafs • Has a beginning, middle and end • Good descriptions and quotes
  36. 36. Vocabulary review A. Timely stories about events that have just happened or are about to happen. B. News that entertains or informs with an emphasis on human interest and novelty and less so on immediacy. Often, inspires warm and fuzzy feelings. C. A story based on a breaking- news event reported with feature-writing techniques and/or a human-interest angle. Hard news, soft news or news feature 1. Soft news 2. Hard news 3. News feature
  37. 37. Hard news, soft news or news feature
  38. 38. Hard news, soft news or news feature “Zhou Yongkang…shared the documents with his qigong master, who claims supernatural abilities.”
  39. 39. So What? or nut graph Hard news, soft news or news feature “It’s the latest example of a trusted relationship between the leadership of the party, which nominally espouses atheism, and spirituality.”
  40. 40. Hard news, soft news or news feature
  41. 41. Hard news vs. soft news News feature A story based on a breaking-news event reported with feature-writing techniques and/or a human-interest angle. Examples: A. Trend stories B. Events told through the eyes of one person C. A follow-up story that examines one angle of a breaking-news event in more detail D. Anniversaries of news events • Photos by Steven Taschuk and Nathan
  42. 42. Hard news, soft news or news feature
  43. 43. Hard news, soft news or news feature Summary lead: who did what
  44. 44. Hard news, soft news or news feature
  45. 45. Hard news vs. soft news News feature A story based on a breaking-news event reported with feature-writing techniques and/or a human-interest angle. Examples: A. Trend stories B. Events told through the eyes of one person C. A follow-up story that examines one angle of a breaking-news event in more detail D. Anniversaries of news events • Photos by Steven Taschuk and Nathan
  46. 46. Hard news, soft news or news feature
  47. 47. Hard news, soft news or news feature • May be a description of a person or place or a little story, or anecdote • Includes so what or nut graph with news peg • No more than four grafs Lead
  48. 48. Hard news, soft news or news feature Summary lead: who did what
  49. 49. Hard news, soft news or news feature May 6, 2015
  50. 50. Hard news, soft news or news feature • May be a description of a person or place or a little story, or anecdote • Includes so what or nut graph with news peg • No more than four grafs Lead
  51. 51. Hard news, soft news or news feature May 6, 2015
  52. 52. Hard news vs. soft news News feature A story based on a breaking-news event reported with feature-writing techniques and/or a human-interest angle. Examples: A. Trend stories B. Events told through the eyes of one person C. A follow-up story that examines one angle of a breaking-news event in more detail D. Anniversaries of news events • Photos by Steven Taschuk and Nathan
  53. 53. Hard news, soft news or news feature May 6, 2015
  54. 54. Hard news, soft news or news feature June 4, 1989
  55. 55. Hard news, soft news or news feature June 2, 2014
  56. 56. Hard news vs. soft news News feature A story based on a breaking-news event reported with feature-writing techniques and/or a human-interest angle. Examples: A. Trend stories B. Events told through the eyes of one person C. A follow-up story that examines one angle of a breaking-news event in more detail D. Anniversaries of news events • Photos by Steven Taschuk and Nathan
  57. 57. Hard news, soft news or news feature June 2, 2014
  58. 58. Definitions: context and background Both help readers better understand the event. Which is context? Background? A. Information in a story that tells readers the current general situation related to the event being reported in the story. B. Information in a story that tells readers what happened in the past, related to the event being reported in the story.
  59. 59. Definitions: context and background Find both: The prime minister’s statement came amid a tense stand-off between Cambodian and Thai troops near the 11th-century Preah Vihear temple, which last month erupted into a clash that raised concerns of a border war. ByWilliamBrehm
  60. 60. Definitions: context and background Context? The prime minister’s statement came amid a tense stand-off between Cambodian and Thai troops near the 11th-century Preah Vihear temple, which last month erupted into a clash that raised concerns of a border war. ByWilliamBrehm
  61. 61. Definitions: context and background Context? The prime minister’s statement came amid a tense stand-off between Cambodian and Thai troops near the 11th-century Preah Vihear temple, which last month erupted into a clash that raised concerns of a border war. ByWilliamBrehm
  62. 62. Definitions: context and background Background? The prime minister’s statement came amid a tense stand-off between Cambodian and Thai troops near the 11th-century Preah Vihear temple, which last month erupted into a clash that raised concerns of a border war. ByWilliamBrehm
  63. 63. Definitions: context and background Background? The prime minister’s statement came amid a tense stand-off between Cambodian and Thai troops near the 11th-century Preah Vihear temple, which last month erupted into a clash that raised concerns of a border war. ByWilliamBrehm
  64. 64. Definitions: context and background So what, or nut graph? The prime minister’s statement came amid a tense stand-off between Cambodian and Thai troops near the 11th-century Preah Vihear temple, which last month erupted into a clash that raised concerns of a border war. ByWilliamBrehm
  65. 65. Definitions: context and background So what, or nut graph? The prime minister’s statement came amid a tense stand-off between Cambodian and Thai troops near the 11th-century Preah Vihear temple, which last month erupted into a clash that raised concerns of a border war. ByWilliamBrehm
  66. 66. Bottom right, page 27: Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries are studying a plan to set up an association of rice- exporting nations. Vietnam’s prime minister made the announcement yesterday in Hanoi…. He says these nations are the rice bowl of the Asian region and their exports account for 50 percent of the world market so they have an important role to play in ensuring food security. Thailand proposed a rice exporters’ cartel last April, as world grain prices reached record levels. It back away from the plan after the Asian Development Bank and rice-importing countries criticized it, saying it would increase hunger and poverty. Review: Chapter 3
  67. 67. •Hard news, soft news or news feature? •Lead? •Body? •Inverted pyramid? •News peg? •Attribution? •Context? •Background? •So what, or nut graph? Review: Chapter 3
  68. 68. Hard news, soft news or news feature? Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries are studying a plan to set up an association of rice- exporting nations. Vietnam’s prime minister made the announcement yesterday in Hanoi…. He says these nations are the rice bowl of the Asian region and their exports account for 50 percent of the world market so they have an important role to play in ensuring food security. Thailand proposed a rice exporters’ cartel last April, as world grain prices reached record levels. It back away from the plan after the Asian Development Bank and rice-importing countries criticized it, saying it would increase hunger and poverty. Review: Chapter 3
  69. 69. Lead? Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries are studying a plan to set up an association of rice- exporting nations. Vietnam’s prime minister made the announcement yesterday in Hanoi…. He says these nations are the rice bowl of the Asian region and their exports account for 50 percent of the world market so they have an important role to play in ensuring food security. Thailand proposed a rice exporters’ cartel last April, as world grain prices reached record levels. It back away from the plan after the Asian Development Bank and rice-importing countries criticized it, saying it would increase hunger and poverty. Review: Chapter 3
  70. 70. Body? Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries are studying a plan to set up an association of rice- exporting nations. Vietnam’s prime minister made the announcement yesterday in Hanoi…. He says these nations are the rice bowl of the Asian region and their exports account for 50 percent of the world market so they have an important role to play in ensuring food security. Thailand proposed a rice exporters’ cartel last April, as world grain prices reached record levels. It back away from the plan after the Asian Development Bank and rice-importing countries criticized it, saying it would increase hunger and poverty. Review: Chapter 3
  71. 71. Inverted pyramid? Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries are studying a plan to set up an association of rice- exporting nations. Vietnam’s prime minister made the announcement yesterday in Hanoi…. He says these nations are the rice bowl of the Asian region and their exports account for 50 percent of the world market so they have an important role to play in ensuring food security. Thailand proposed a rice exporters’ cartel last April, as world grain prices reached record levels. It back away from the plan after the Asian Development Bank and rice-importing countries criticized it, saying it would increase hunger and poverty. Review: Chapter 3
  72. 72. News peg? Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries are studying a plan to set up an association of rice- exporting nations. Vietnam’s prime minister made the announcement yesterday in Hanoi…. He says these nations are the rice bowl of the Asian region and their exports account for 50 percent of the world market so they have an important role to play in ensuring food security. Thailand proposed a rice exporters’ cartel last April, as world grain prices reached record levels. It back away from the plan after the Asian Development Bank and rice-importing countries criticized it, saying it would increase hunger and poverty. Review: Chapter 3
  73. 73. Attribution? Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries are studying a plan to set up an association of rice- exporting nations. Vietnam’s prime minister made the announcement yesterday in Hanoi…. He says these nations are the rice bowl of the Asian region and their exports account for 50 percent of the world market so they have an important role to play in ensuring food security. Thailand proposed a rice exporters’ cartel last April, as world grain prices reached record levels. It back away from the plan after the Asian Development Bank and rice-importing countries criticized it, saying it would increase hunger and poverty. Review: Chapter 3
  74. 74. Context? Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries are studying a plan to set up an association of rice- exporting nations. Vietnam’s prime minister made the announcement yesterday in Hanoi…. He says these nations are the rice bowl of the Asian region and their exports account for 50 percent of the world market so they have an important role to play in ensuring food security. Thailand proposed a rice exporters’ cartel last April, as world grain prices reached record levels. It back away from the plan after the Asian Development Bank and rice-importing countries criticized it, saying it would increase hunger and poverty. Review: Chapter 3
  75. 75. Background? Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries are studying a plan to set up an association of rice- exporting nations. Vietnam’s prime minister made the announcement yesterday in Hanoi…. He says these nations are the rice bowl of the Asian region and their exports account for 50 percent of the world market so they have an important role to play in ensuring food security. Thailand proposed a rice exporters’ cartel last April, as world grain prices reached record levels. It back away from the plan after the Asian Development Bank and rice-importing countries criticized it, saying it would increase hunger and poverty. Review: Chapter 3
  76. 76. So what, or nut graf? Southeast Asia’s five Mekong River countries are studying a plan to set up an association of rice- exporting nations. Vietnam’s prime minister made the announcement yesterday in Hanoi…. He says these nations are the rice bowl of the Asian region and their exports account for 50 percent of the world market so they have an important role to play in ensuring food security. Thailand proposed a rice exporters’ cartel last April, as world grain prices reached record levels. It back away from the plan after the Asian Development Bank and rice-importing countries criticized it, saying it would increase hunger and poverty. Review: Chapter 3

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