Professional practices in healthcare final presenation mrsa

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Professional practices in healthcare final presenation mrsa

  1. 1. MRSA Laurie Lynch For Professional Practices in Health Care Instructor Ryan Polly February 20, 2012 What is Staph, types of infection, risk factors, prevention, symptoms, how is it transmitted, testing and treatment...
  2. 3. What is Staphylococcus Aureus? <ul><li>Staph bacteria are normally found on the skin or in the nose of about one-third of the population. The bacteria are generally harmless unless they enter the body through a cut or other wound and as seen here only minor skin problems in healthy people.
  3. 4. MRSA is result of prescribing antibiotics unnecessarily </li></ul>
  4. 5. Types of infection <ul><li>There are two types of MRSA </li></ul><ul><li>HA-MRSA
  5. 6. Hospital Associated MRSA </li></ul><ul><li>CA-MRSA
  6. 7. Community Associated MRSA </li></ul>
  7. 8. Risk Factors for CA-MRSA HA-MRSA <ul><li>Participating in contact sports
  8. 9. Living in crowded or unsanitary conditions
  9. 10. Men having sex with men </li></ul><ul><li>Being hospitalized
  10. 11. Having an invasive medical device
  11. 12. Residing in a long term care facility </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Wash your hands
  13. 14. Keep wounds covered
  14. 15. Keep personal items personal
  15. 16. Shower after athletic games or practices
  16. 17. Sanitize linens
  17. 18. PPE (Personal Protective Equipment)
  18. 19. Isolation Rooms for colonized patients or active infections
  19. 20. Not over prescribing antibiotics </li></ul>Prevention
  20. 21. What to look for... <ul><li>Staph skin infections generally start as small red bumps that resemble this picture
  21. 22. These can quickly turn into deep painful abscesses that require surgical draining </li></ul>
  22. 23. Chest Pains Chills Cough Fatigue Fever General ill feeling Headache Muscle aches Rash SOB (shortness of breath)
  23. 24. Transmission <ul><li>MRSA is spread my skin-to-skin contac t
  24. 25. Through an cut, open sore, catheter or breathing tube
  25. 26. Infection is worse when patient has a weaken immune system </li></ul>
  26. 27. Testing <ul><li>Blood Culture
  27. 28. Culture from the infected site
  28. 29. Gram stain and culture of the drainage from the infection
  29. 30. Sputum Culture
  30. 31. Urine Culture </li></ul>The lab will grow the bacteria in a petri dish to see which way to treat it
  31. 32. Treatment Vancomycin is available in capsule and injection For MRSA infection IV injection is the only treatment
  32. 33. Long Term Health Complications <ul><li>The effects of MRSA or a blood infection can cause problems in the:
  33. 34. Heart
  34. 35. Lungs
  35. 36. Bloodstream
  36. 37. Bones
  37. 38. Joints </li></ul>
  38. 39. Questions for Peers <ul><li>What about staph and MRSA is most concerning?
  39. 40. Why does hospitalized patients get HA-MRSA?
  40. 41. What can you do while visiting a patient with MRSA in the hospital?
  41. 42. Why is there superbugs?
  42. 43. Why is the oral capsule of Vancomycin not effective on MRSA? </li></ul>
  43. 44. References <ul><li>Www.mcbi.nlm.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0004520
  44. 45. Www.Mayoclinic.com/health/mrsa/DS00735
  45. 46. Www.medicinenet.com/mrsa_infection/page5.html
  46. 47. Accessed 2/16/2012 </li></ul>

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