WWI (1914-1918)</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Huxley visited US and was “outraged by the culture of youth, commercial cheeriness, sexual promiscuity, and the inward-looking nature of many Americans.” Also found a book about Henry Ford on boat to America. Wrote Brave New World with America in mind.
“feelies” were response to talking movies, and sex-hormone chewing gum was parody of chewing gum, a symbol of US at the time
In 1999, Modern Library ranked it as 5th on list of 100 best English-language novels of the 20thcentury
It is rated number 52 on The American Library Association’s list of most challenged books, and has been banned in several instances because it “centers around negative activity.”</li></li></ul><li>The Title<br /><ul><li> Title comes from Shakespeare’s The Tempest
Ideas of family, motherhood, pregnancy are considered pornographic</li></li></ul><li>Ford<br /><ul><li>The World State’s calendar begins with year 1 A.F. as 1908 A.D. the year Ford’s first Model T was completed on his assembly line
Although no true supernatural religion exists, Ford is worshipped
Take soma tablets and pass around strawberry ice-cream soma
“Ford, we are twelve; oh, make us one,</li></ul>Like drops within the Social River;<br />Oh, make us now together run<br />As swiftly as thy shinning Flivver.”<br /><ul><li>Proclaim that they hear Ford coming
“Orgy-porgy, Ford and fun,</li></ul>Kiss the girls and make them One.<br />Boys at one with girls at peace;<br />Orgy-porgy gives release.”<br />
Hypnopædia<br /><ul><li>Discovered on accident
“Everyone belongs to everyone else.” (one hundred repetitions three nights a week for four years= 62,400</li></li></ul><li>Death<br /><ul><li>People typically die at age 60, remaining youthful whole life
Death isn’t feared: children are conditioned, given treats when visiting hospitals
Concept of family doesn’t exist, so no one mourns
Bodies are cremated, and 98% of phosphorous is recovered, instead of being wasted
“Fine to think we can go on being socially useful even after we’re dead. Making plants grow.”</li></li></ul><li>A Brief Plot Summary<br /><ul><li>Opens in the Central London Hatching and Conditioning Centre
LeninaCrowne, an employee, is reprimanded by her friend Fanny Crowne for being in a nearly exclusive relationship.
Lenina admits her attraction to the strange Bernard Marx.
Lenina accepts Bernard’s invitation to visit a Savage Reservation in New Mexico.
There, they meet John and his mother Linda, who is from the World State, and bring them back with them.
John is dissatisfied with the World State. </li></li></ul><li>